Ciliophora

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Ciliophora

Taxonavigation[вироиш]

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Alveolata
Phylum: Ciliophora
Subphyla: IntramacronucleataPostciliodesmatophoraCiliophora incertae sedis

Classes (nomen dubium): KinetofragminophoraPolyhymenophora

Name[вироиш]

Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Synonyms

  • Ciliata Perty, 1852
  • Infusoria sensu Bütschli, 1887-1889
  • Ciliophyceae Rothmaler, 1951

References[вироиш]

General[вироиш]

  • Aescht, E. (2001). Catalogue of the generic names of ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora). Denisia 1: 1–350, [1].
  • Bick, H. (1972). Ciliated protozoa: an illustrated guide to the species used as biological indicators in freshwater biology. Geneva: World Health Organization, 198 p., [2].
  • Foissner, W., & Berger, H. (1996). A user‐friendly guide to the ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) commonly used by hydrobiologists as bioindicators in rivers, lakes, and waste waters, with notes on their ecology. Freshwater Biology, 35(2), 375-482, [3].
  • Lynn, D.H. (2016). Ciliophora. In: Archibald, J.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Slamovits, C. (Eds.). Handbook of the Protists. Springer, pp. 1-52. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_23-1
  • Warren, A. 2011. Ciliophora. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=11 on 2016-03-17

Additional[вироиш]

Links[вироиш]

Vernacular names[вироиш]

беларуская: Інфузорыі
eesti: Ripsloomad, Tsiliaadid
For more multimedia, look at Ciliophora on Wikimedia Commons.


Alternative classifications[вироиш]

Perty (1852)[вироиш]

From Kleinster Lebensformen, [5], [6].

Saville-Kent (1880-1882)[вироиш]

Saville-Kent, W. (1880-1882). A manual of Infusoria. London, vol. 1 (see p. 211 [7]), vol. 2 and vol. 3.

Sub-kingdom Protozoa

Bütschli (1887-1889)[вироиш]

Bütschli, O. 1887-89. Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Erster Band: Protozoa. Abt. III, Infusoria und System der Radiolaria. C.F. Winter: Leipzig, [8].

Phylum Protozoa

Kalberlah & Schoenichen (1900)[вироиш]

Kalberlah, A. & Schoenichen, W. B. (1900). Eyferth's Einfachste Lebensformen des Tier- und Pflanzenreiches: Naturgeschichte der mikroskopischen Süsswasserbewohner. 3rd ed. Braunschweig: B. Goeritz, [9].

Doflein (1901)[вироиш]

Doflein, F. (1901). Die Protozoen als Parasiten und Krankheitserreger, 1st ed. Further editions: Lehrbuch der Protozoenkunde.

Kahl (1930-1935)[вироиш]

Kahl, A. (1930–35). Urtiere oder Protozoa I: Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria). In: Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 18, (Ed. F. Dahl). 4 vols. G. Fischer, Jena, [10], [11].

Patterson, D.J. (1978). Kahl's Keys to the Ciliates. Translation of the keys from Wimpertiere oder Ciliata. 1978, University of Bristol, [12].

Fauré-Fremiet (1950)[вироиш]

Fauré-Fremiet, E. (1950). Morphologie comparée et systèmatique des Ciliés. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France, 75: 109–122, [13]. See Lynn (2008), [14].

Kudo (1954)[вироиш]

From Protozoology, 4th ed., [15].

Phylum Protozoa Goldfuss

Honigberg et al. (1964)[вироиш]

In Phylum Protozoa
Subphylum Ciliophora
Class Ciliatea

Corliss (1979)[вироиш]

Corliss, J. O. (1979). The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literautre, 2nd ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York, 455 pp., [16] (1st ed: 1961, [17]).

Phylum Ciliophora

John O. Corliss (1984)[вироиш]

From The kingdom Protista and its 45 phyla

In Kingdom Protista
Assemblage "Ciliates"
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Dragesco & Dragesco-Kernéis (1986)[вироиш]

Dragesco, J. & Dragesco-Kernéis, A. 1986. Ciliés libres de l’Afrique intertropicale: introduction a la connaissance et à l’étude des ciliés. Orstom, Paris, [18].

Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Foissner & Foissner (1988)[вироиш]

Foissner, W., & I. Foissner (1988) Stamm: Ciliophora. Catalogus Faunae Austriae, Part Ic. - Osterr. Acad. Wiss., Vienna. 150pp., [19].

Stamm: Ciliophora

Lynn & Small, in Margulis et al. (1990)[вироиш]

Lynn, D.H. & Small, E.B., 1990. 28. Phylum Ciliophora. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 498-523. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [20].

Kingdom Protoctista

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[вироиш]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Kingdom Protozoa, Subkingdom Dictyozoa, Branch Bikonta, Infrakingdom Neozoa, Parvkingdom Alveolata
Superphylum Heterokaryota Hickson, 1903 stat. nov.
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901 stat. nov. Copeland, 1956 emend. auct.

de Puytorac (1994)[вироиш]

Puytorac, P. de. (1994). Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: P. de Puytorac (Ed.). Traité de zoologie. Infusoires ciliés (Vol. 2, pp. 1-15). Paris: Masson, [21], [22]. See Lynn (2008), [23]

Animalia

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[вироиш]

From A revised six-kingdom system of life

In Kingdom Protozoa, Subkingdom Neozoa, Infrakingdom Alveolata
Superphylum Heterokaryota Hickson 1903 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1993
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein 1901 stat. nov. Copeland 1956 em. auct.

Lynn & Small, in Lee et al. (2000)[вироиш]

Lynn, D.H. & Small, E.B. 2000. Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 371-656, [24]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [25].

Class Karyorelictea[вироиш]

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Class Heterotrichea[вироиш]

Class Spirotrichea[вироиш]

Class Litostomatea[вироиш]

Classs Phyllopharyngea[вироиш]

Class Nassophorea[вироиш]

Class Colpodea[вироиш]

Class Prostomatea[вироиш]

Class Plagiopylea[вироиш]

Class Oligohymenophorea[вироиш]

Hausmann et al. (2003)[вироиш]

Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Empire Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 (= Eukarya)

  • Phylum Alveolata Cavalier-Smith, 1992
    • Subphylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901
      • Superclass Postciliodesmatophora Gerassimova & Seravin, 1976
        • Class Karyorelictea Corliss, 1974
          • Order Protostomatida
          • Order Loxodida
          • Order Protoheterotrichida
        • Class Heterotrichea Stein, 1859
          • Order Licnophorida
          • Order Heterotrichida
      • Superclass Intramacronucleata Lynn, 1996
        • Class Spirotrichea Bütschli, 1889
          • Subclass Protocruziidia Puytorac et al. 1987
          • Subclass Phacodiniidia Small & Lynn, 1985
          • Subclass Hypotrichia Stein, 1859
          • Subclass Oligotrichia Bütschli, 1889
          • Subclass Choreotrichia Small & Lynn, 1985
          • Subclass Stichotrichia Small & Lynn, 1985
        • Class Litostomatea Small & Lynn, 1981
          • Subclass Haptoria Corliss, 1974
          • Subclass Trichostomatia Bütschli, 1889
        • Class Phyllopharyngea de Puytorac, 1974
          • Subclass Phyllopharyngia de Puytorac, 1974
          • Subclass Rhynchodia Chatton & Lwoff, 1937
          • Subclass Chonotrichia Wallengren, 1895
          • Subclass Suctoria Claparede & Lachmann, 1858
        • Class Nassophorea Small & Lynn, 1981
          • Order Synhymeniida de Puytorac et al., 1974
          • Order Nassulida Jankowski, 1967
          • Order Microthoracida Jankowski,1967
        • Class Colpodea Small & Lynn, 1981
        • Class Prostomatea Schewiakoff, 1896
        • Class Plagiopylea Small & Lynn, 1985
        • Class Oligohymenophorea de Puytorac et al., 1974
          • Subclass Peniculia Fauré-Fremiet, 1956.
          • Subclass Scuticociliatia Small, 1967
          • Subclass Hymenostomatia Dellage & Herouard, 1896
          • Subclass Apostomatia Chatton & Lwoff, 1928
          • Subclass Peritrichia Stein, 1859
            • Order Sessilida Kahl, 1933
            • Order Mobilida Kahl, 1933
          • Subclass Astomatia Schewiakoff, 1896
            • Order Clevelandellida de Puytorac & Grain, 1976
            • Order Odontostomatida Sawaya, 1940

Alimov et al. (2007)[вироиш]

Alimov, A. F. ed. (А. Ф. Алимов). 2007. Protista 2: Handbook on zoology. (Протисты 2: руководство по зоологии). St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, 1141 pp. (in Russian, with English summaries), [26].

Protists

Lynn (2008)[вироиш]

Lynn, Denis (2008). The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literature (3 ed.). Springer. p. 10, [27].

Phylum Ciliophora

Adl et al. (2012)[вироиш]

Adl, S. M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [28].

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[вироиш]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [29].

Gao et al. (2016)[вироиш]

Gao, Feng, et al. "The All-Data-Based Evolutionary Hypothesis of Ciliated Protists with a Revised Classification of the Phylum Ciliophora (Eukaryota, Alveolata)." Scientific Reports 6 (2016): 24874.