Microsporidia

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Fungi
Phylum: Microsporidia
Classes: Dihaplophasea - Haplophasea
Ordines: Apansporoblastina - Pansporoblastina - incertae sedis

Genus: Microsporidium – Mitosporidium

Name[edit]

Microsporidia Balbiani, 1892

Synonyms

  • Microspora Sprague 1969, 1977; Levine et al., 1980
  • Microsporida Canning & Vavra, 2000

Classifications[edit]

Kudo (1954)[edit]

From Protozoology, 4th ed., [1].

Phylum Protozoa Goldfuss

  • Genus Nosema Nägeli, Genus Glugea Thélohan, Genus Perezia Léger and Duboscq, Genus Gurleya Doflein, Genus Thelohania Henneguy, Genus Stempellia Léger and Hesse, Genus Duboscqia Pérez, Genus Trichoduboscqia Léger, Genus Plistophora Gurley, Genus Pyrotheca Hesse
  • Genus Coccospora Kudo (Cocconema Léger and Hesse)
  • Genus Mrazekia L. and H. (Myxocystis Mrazek), Genus Bacillidium Janda, Genus Cougourdella Hesse, Genus Octosporea Flu, Genus Spiroglugea Léger and Hesse, Genus Toxoglugea (Toxonema) Léger and Hesse
  • Genus Telomyxa Léger and Hesse

Dogiel (1965)[edit]

General protozoology, 2nd ed.

Type Protozoa

Levine et al. (1980)[edit]

From N. D. Levine; J. O. Corliss; F. E. G. Cox; G. Deroux; J. Grain; B. M. Honigberg; G. F. Leedale; A. R. Loeblich, III; J. Lom; D. Lynn; E. G. Merinfeld; F. C. Page; G. Poljansky; V. Sprague; J. Vavra; and F. G. Wallace (1980). A newly revised classification of the Protozoa. J. Protozool., 27:37–58, [2].

Subkingdom Protozoa

Cavalier-Smith (1981)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1981). Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?. Biosystems, 14(3), 461-481, [3].

Seven eukaryote kingdoms proposal [p. 478]

  • Superkingdom Eukaryota
    • Kingdom Fungi
    • Kingdom Viridiplantae
    • Kingdom Biliphyta
    • Kingdom Chromista
    • Kingdom Animalia
    • Kingdom Euglenozoa
    • Kingdom Protozoa
      • Phylum Proterozoa (proteromonads, cyathobodonids, Opalinida)
      • Phylum Dinozoa (dinoflagellates)
      • Phylum Parabasalia (trichomonads and hypermastigids)
      • Phylum Metamonadina (retortomonads, diplomonads, and oxymonads)
      • Phylum Sporozoa (cregarines, coccidlans, and piroplasms)
      • Phylum Infusoria (Ciliophora)
      • Phylum Foraminifera
      • Phylum Sarcodina (amoebae, amoeboflagellates, slime moulds (Mycetozoa), Radiolaria, Heliozoa, Acantharia, Myxosporea, Microsporea)

Parker et al. (1982)[edit]

Parker, S. P. (ed.). 1982. Synopsis and classification of living organisms. 2 vols. McGraw-Hill, New York, [4], [5]. See Brands (1989-2005), [6]

Superkingdom Eukaryotae

  • Kingdom Plantae
  • Kingdom Protista (Haeckel, 1866)
  • Kingdom Animalia 1758
    • Subkingdom Protozoa (Goldfuss, 1818)
      • Phylum Sarcomastigophora (Honigberg & Balamuth, 1963)
      • Phylum Labyrinthulata
      • Phylum Apicomplexa Levine, 1970
      • Phylum Microspora Sprague, 1977
      • Phylum Myxozoa Grassé, 1970
      • Phylum Ascetospora
      • Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Lee et al. (1985)[edit]

From J.J. Lee, S.H. Hutner and E.C. Bovee, (eds.), An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa, Society of Protozoologists, 1st ed., 1985, [7]. See Fernández-Galiano, 1990, [8].

Subkingdom Protozoa (Goldfuss, 1818) von Siebold, 1846

  • Phylum Microspora Sprague, 1969

Canning in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Canning, E.U., 1990. 5. Phylum Microspora. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 53-72. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [9].

Kingdom Protoctista

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla, [10].

Empire Eukaryota

Cavalier-Smith (1998, 2001)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). A revised six-kingdom system of life, [11].

Cavalier-Smith, T. (2001). What are Fungi? In: McLaughlin DJ, McLaughlin EJ, Lemke P (eds), The Mycota. Vol. VII. Part A. Systematics and Evolution. 1st ed. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp. 6, 12.


Empire or Superkingdom 2. Eukaryota

  • Kingdom 3. Fungi Linnaeus 1753 stat. nov. Necker 1783 em. Cavalier-Smith 1998
    • Subkingdom 1. Eomycota Cavalier-Smith 1998
      • Phylum 1. Archemycota Cavalier-Smith 1998
      • Phylum 2. Microsporidia Balbiani 1882 stat. nov. Weiser 1977
        • Class 1. Minisporea Cavalier-Smith 1993 (Minisporida Sprague 1972, e.g., Chytridiopsis, Buxtehudia, Hessea)
        • Class 2. Microsporea Corliss & Levine 1963 (Pleistophorida Stempell 1906, e.g., Pleistophora,Amblyospora, Glugea, Encephalitozoon; Nosematida Labbé 1899, e.g., Nosema, Enterocytozoon, Spraguea, Caudospora)
    • Subkingdom 2. Neomycota Cavalier-Smith 1998

Canning & Vavra, in Lee at al. (2000)[edit]

Canning, E.U. & Vavra, J. 2000. Phylum Microsporida. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 39-126, [12]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [13].

In “protozoa”, "related to multicellular groups"

Hausmann et al. (2003)[edit]

From Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Empire Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 (= Eukarya)

Cavalier-Smith (2004)[edit]

From Only six kingdoms of life, [14].

Empire Eukaryota (Cavalier-Smith 1998)

Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, [15].

Eukaryota

  • Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith, 1987, emend. Cavalier-Smith and Chao, 1995, emend. Adl et al., 2005

Alimov et al. (2007)[edit]

Alimov, A. F. ed. (А. Ф. Алимов). 2007. Protista 2: Handbook on zoology. (Протисты 2: руководство по зоологии). St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, 1141 pp. (in Russian, with English summaries), [16].

Protists

Hibbett et al. (2007)[edit]

A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi, [17].

Kingdom Fungi T. L. Jahn & F. F. Jahn 1949, ex R. T. Moore 1980

  • Phylum Microsporidia Balbiani, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 95: 1168 (1882).

Margulis & Chapman (2009)[edit]

Kingdoms & Domains, 4th ed.

Superkingdom Eukarya

  • Kingdom Fungi
    • Phylum Microspora

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, [18], [19].

Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987, emend. Adl et al. 2005

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [20].

Vernacular names[edit]

français: Microsporidies
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