Archaea

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Taxonavigation

Superregnum: Archaea
Regnum*: Archaea
Phylum*: DPANN group

Classis: Nanoarchaeota
Candidati*: Aenigmarcheota – Diapherotrites – Micrarchaeota – Nanohaloarchaeota – Pacearchaeota – Parvarchaeota – Woesearchaeota

Phylum*: Euryarchaeota

Classes: Archaeoglobi – Hadesarchaea – Halobacteria – Methanobacteria – Methanococci – Methanomicrobia – Methanopyri – Thermococci – Thermoplasmata – Euryarchaeota incertae sedis

Phylum*: TACK group

Classes: Crenarchaeota – Thaumarchaeota
Candidatus*: Korarchaeota

Phylum*: Archaea incertae sedis

Candidati*: DUSEL4 group – NAG2 group – Bathyarchaeota – Geoarchaeota – Lokiarchaeota – Thorarchaeota

(*) The taxa 'Regnum' and 'Phylum' are in use, but not covered by the Rules of Bacteriologocal Code (1990 Revision) (sources: NCBI, Bacterio.net). The category 'Candidatus' is not covered by the Rules of Bacteriologocal Code (1990 Revision). A name included in the category Candidatus cannot be validly published, and it also cannot be designated sp. nov., gen. nov., etc. (source: Bacterio.net).

Name

Archaea Woese et al., 1990

Synonyms:

Archaebacteria Woese & Fox, 1977
Metabacteria Hori et al., 1987
Mendosicutes Gibbons & Murray, 1978

References

  • Woese, C., Kandler, O., & Wheelis, M. 1990. Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 87 (12): 4576-4579. PMID 2112744 .
  • Tree of Life Web Project. 1997. Archaea. Version 01 January 1997 (temporary) in The Tree of Life Web Project
  • Brochier, C., Gribaldo, S., Zivanovic, Y., Confalonieri, F., & Forterre, P. 2005. Nanoarchaea: representatives of a novel archaeal phylum or a fast-evolving euryarchaeal lineage related to Thermococcales? Genome Biology 6: R42. Full text
  • Becerra, A., Delaye, L., Islas, S., & Lazcano, A. 2007. The very early stages of biological evolution and the nature of the last common ancestor of the three major cell domains. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38: 361-379.
  • Brochier-Armanet, C., Boussau, B., Gribaldo, S., & Forterre, P. 2008. Mesophilic Crenarchaeota: proposal for a third archaeal phylum, the Thaumarchaeota. Nature reviews microbiology 6: 245-252.
  • Williams, T.A. et al. 2013. An archaeal origin of eukaryotes supports only two primary domains of life. Nature, 504: 231-236. doi: 10.1038/nature12779

Links

Vernacular names

Alemannisch: Archaebakterie
العربية: عتائق
asturianu: Archaea
azərbaycanca: Arxeya
Bahasa Indonesia: Archaea
Bahasa Melayu: Arkea
বাংলা: আর্কিয়া
Bân-lâm-gú: Kó͘-seng-khún
bosanski: Archaea
български: Археи
català: Arqueobacteri
čeština: Archea
Cymraeg: Archaea
dansk: Archaea
Deutsch: Archaeen
eesti: Arhed, Arhebakterid, Ürgid
Ελληνικά: Αρχαία, Αρχαιοβακτήρια
English: Archaea
español: Archaea
Esperanto: Arkioj
euskara: Arkeobakterio
فارسی: باستانیان
français: archées
Gaeilge: Aircéach
한국어: 고세균
Հայերեն: Նախակենդանիներ
हिन्दी: आर्किया
hrvatski: Archaea
íslenska: Forngerlar
italiano: Archaea
עברית: חיידקים קדומים
Kapampangan: Archaea
Kiswahili: Archaea
Latina: Archaea
Lëtzebuergesch: Archaeën
lietuvių: Archėja
magyar: Archeák
македонски: Археи
مازِرونی: قدیمی‎ئون
नेपाल भाषा: आर्केया
日本語: 古細菌
Nordfriisk: Uurbakteerien
norsk bokmål: Arkebakterier
norsk nynorsk: Arkar
occitan: Archaea
ភាសាខ្មែរ: បុរាណណូ
Plattdüütsch: Archaeen
polski: Archeony
português: Archaea
Runa Simi: Ñawpa añaki
русский: Археи
саха тыла: Архей
slovenčina: Archaea
slovenščina: Arheje
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Arheja
suomi: Arkkieliöt
svenska: Arkéer
Tagalog: Archaea
தமிழ்: ஆர்க்கீயா
ไทย: อาร์เคีย
Tiếng Việt: Vi khuẩn cổ
Türkçe: Arkea
українська: Археї
Winaray: Archaea
中文: 古菌
For more multimedia, look at Archaea on Wikimedia Commons.


Alternative classifications

Ruggiero et al. (2015)

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [1].


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