Archaeplastida

From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search
Nuvola apps important.svg The status, affinity, scope or nomenclature of this taxon is disputed.

Please see discussion on the talk page.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Protista
Supergroup: Bikonta
Cladus: Archaeplastida
Regni et Divisiones: Glaucophyta - Viridiplantae - Rhodophyta

[Note: this page is about Archaeplastida (= Plantae sensu Cavalier-Smith, 1981, 1998). For other uses of Plantae, see:

Name[edit]

Archaeplastida Adl et al., 2005

Synonyms[edit]

  • Plantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981
  • Primoplastobiota Reviers, 2002
  • Primoplantae Palmer et al., 2004

Classifications[edit]

Cavalier-Smith (1981)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1981). Eukaryote kingdoms: seven or nine?. Biosystems, 14(3), 461-481, [1].

Nine eukaryote kingdoms proposal [p. 462]

  • Superkingdom Eukaryota
    • Kingdom 1. Eufungi
    • Kingdom 2. Ciliofungi
    • Kingdom 3. Animalia
    • Kingdom 4. Biliphyta
    • Kingdom 5. Viridiplantae
    • Kingdom 6. Euglenozoa
    • Kingdom 7. Protozoa
    • Kingdom 8. Cryptophyta
    • Kingdom 9. Chromophyta


Five eukaryote kingdoms proposal [p. 476-477]

  • Superkingdom Eukaryota
    • Kingdom 1. Fungi (Ciliofungi + Eufungi)
    • Kingdom 2. Chromista (Cryptophyta + Chromophyta)
    • Kingdom 3. Plantae (Viridiplantae + Biliphyta)
    • Kingdom 4. Protista (Euglenozoa + Protozoa)
    • Kingdom 5. Animalia


Seven eukaryote kingdoms proposal [p. 478]

  • Superkingdom Eukaryota
    • Kingdom Fungi
    • Kingdom Viridiplantae
      • Phylum Chlorophyta
      • Phylum Bryophyta
      • Phylum Tracheophyta
    • Kingdom Biliphyta
      • Phylum Biliphyta
        • Class Rhodophyceae
        • Class Glaocophyceae
    • Kingdom Chromista
    • Kingdom Animalia
    • Kingdom Euglenozoa
    • Kingdom Protozoa

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[edit]

From A revised six-kingdom system of life, [2].

Empire or Superkingdom Eukaryota

  • Kingdom Plantae Haeckel 1866 em. Cavalier-Smith 1981
    • Subkingdom 1. Biliphyta Cavalier-Smith 1981 [probably paraphyletic]
      • Infrakingdom 1. Glaucophyta infraking. nov.
      • Infrakingdom 2. Rhodophyta infraking. nov.
    • Subkingdom 2. Viridaeplantae Cavalier-Smith 1981
      • Infrakingdom 1. Chlorophyta Cavalier-Smith 1993
      • Infrakingdom 2. Cormophyta Endlicher 1836 stat. nov.

Reviers (2002-2003)[edit]

Reviers, B. de (2002-2003). Biologie et phylogénie des algues. Tome 1, 352 p. Tome 2, 255 p. Paris: Belin.

Eukaryota [see Algae]

Adl et al., (2005)[edit]

Eukaryota

  • Archaeplastida
    • Glaucophyta Skuja, 1954 [Glaucocystophyta Kies and Kremer, 1986]
    • Rhodophyceae Thuret, 1855, emend. Rabenhorst, 1863, emend. Adl et al., 2005 [Rhodophyta Wettstein, 1901; Rhodoplantae Saunders and Hommersand, 2004]
    • Chloroplastida Adl et al., 2005 [Viridiplantae Cavalier-Smith, 1981; Chlorobionta Jeffrey, 1982, emend. Bremer, 1985, emend. Lewis and McCourt, 2004; Chlorobiota Kendrick and Crane, 1997]

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, [3].

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [4].

References[edit]

  • Adl, S.M. et al. (2005) The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52: 399-451. doi: 10.1111/j.1550-7408.2005.00053.x PDF