From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search


Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Alveolata
Phylum: Myzozoa
Subphylum: Apicomplexa
Infraphyla: Apicomonada - Sporozoa

Classes (overview): Aconoidasida – Apicomonadea – Conoidasida – Apicomplexa incertae sedis – Sporozoa incertae sedis

Classes (in synonymy): Coccidea – Gregarinea – Gregarinasina

Ordo (incertae sedis): Chromerida

Genus (unplaced): Paralecudina


Apicomplexa Levine, 1970

Synonyms or similar groups

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Výtrusovci
eesti: Tippeosprotistid


  • Cavalier-Smith, T. Protist phylogeny and the high-level classification of Protozoa, Europ. J. Protistol. 39, 338-348 (2003).
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. and Chao, E. E. Protalveolate phylogeny and systematics and the origins of Sporozoa and dinoflagellates (phylum Myzozoa nom. nov.), Europ. J. Protistol. 40, 185-212 (2004).
  • Levine, N. D. 1961. Problems in the Systematics of the “Sporozoa”. The Journal of Protozoology, 8(4), 442-451, [1].
  • Levine, N. D. 1969. Taxonomy of the sporozoa. Progress in Protozoology, III Internat. Cong. Protozool. 365-367, [2].
  • Schaudinn, F. 1900. Untersuchungen über den Generationswechsel bei Coccidien. Zool. Jahrb., Abt. Anat. 13:197–292


Alternative classifications[edit]

Levine (1970)[edit]

Levine, N.D. (1970). Taxonomy of the Sporozoa. J. Parasitol. 56 (4, Sect. 2, Part 1: Supplement: Proceedings Of the Second International Congress of Parasitology): 208–9, [3].

In phylum Protozoa

Levine et al. (1980)[edit]

From N. D. Levine; J. O. Corliss; F. E. G. Cox; G. Deroux; J. Grain; B. M. Honigberg; G. F. Leedale; A. R. Loeblich, III; J. Lom; D. Lynn; E. G. Merinfeld; F. C. Page; G. Poljansky; V. Sprague; J. Vavra; and F. G. Wallace (1980). A newly revised classification of the Protozoa. J. Protozool., 27:37–58, [4], [5].

Subkingdom Protozoa

Corliss (1984)[edit]

From The kingdom Protista and its 45 phyla [6].

Kingdom Protista Haeckel, 1866

Levine (1988)[edit]

Levine, N. D. (1988). The protozoan phylum Apicomplexa. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 2 vols., 357 pp.

Phylum Apicomplexa

Euzéby (1988)[edit]

Euzéby, J. (1988). Apicomplexa, 2: Hémosporidioses, Fascicule 1: Plasmodiidés, Haemoproteidés "Piroplasmes" (caractères généraux). In: Protozoologie Médicale Comparée 3. Fondation Marcel Merieux.


Vivier & Desportes, in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Vivier, E. & Desportes, I., 1990. 30. Phylum Apicomplexa. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 549-573. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [7].

Kingdom Protoctista

  • Section IV: Phyla with flagellated stages and complex sexual cycles

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

Roberts & Janovy (1996)[edit]

Roberts, L. & Janovy, J. (1996). Foundations of Parasitology (5th ed.). Dubuque IA: Wm. C. Brown.

Perkins et al., in Lee at al. (2000)[edit]

Perkins, F.O., Barta, J.R., Clopton, R.E., Peirce, M.A. & Upton, S.J. 2000. Phylum Apicomplexa Levine, 1970. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 190-369, [8]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [9].

General view[edit]

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Class Perkinsasida[edit]

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Class Conoidasida[edit]

Subclass Gregarinasina[edit]
Order Archigregarinorida[edit]
Order Eugregarinorida[edit]
Order Neogregarinorida[edit]
Subclass Coccidiasina[edit]
Order Agamococcidiorida[edit]
Order Ixorheorida[edit]
Order Protococcidiorida[edit]
Order Eucoccidiorida[edit]
Suborder Adeleorina[edit]
Suborder Eimeriorina[edit]

Class Aconoidasida[edit]

Order Haemospororida[edit]
Order Piroplasmorida[edit]

Incertae sedis[edit]

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

Adl, S. M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [10].


Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [11].