From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search


Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Protozoa
Subregnum: Biciliata
Infraregnum: Neozoa
Superphylum: Alveolata
Phylum: Myzozoa
Subphylum: Dinozoa
Infraphylum: Dinoflagellata
Superclasses: Syndina - Dinokaryota

Ordines: Peridiniales ...

Incertae sedis: Peridiniphycidae Chytriodiniales

Adnatosphaeridiaceae - †Alterbidinium – †Canningia


Karenia –


Dinoflagellata Bütschli, 1885 [1880-1889]

Synonyms or similar groups


Stein (1883)[edit]

Stein, F. von (1883). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere, Abt. 3 (2). Engelmann, Leipzig, [1].

  • Infusionthiere
    • Peritrichen Infusionthiere (Peritricha)
    • Hypotrichen Infusionthiere (Hypotricha)
    • Heterotrichen Infusionthiere (Heterotricha)
    • Holotrichen Infusionthiere (Holotricha)
    • Flagellaten oder Geisselinfusorien
    • Arthrodelen Flagellaten
      • Prorocentrinen
      • Cladopyxiden
      • Peridiniden
      • Dinophysiden
      • Noctiluciden

Bütschli (1885 [1880-1889])[edit]

From Bütschli, O. (1880–1889). Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Erster Band: Protozoa. Abt. I, Sarkodina und Sporozoa, 1880-82 [2]. Abt. II, Mastigophora, 1883-87 [3]. Abt. III, Infusoria und System der Radiolaria, 1887-89 [4]. C.F. Winter, Leipzig.

Phylum Protozoa

Fritsch (1935)[edit]

Fritsch, F.E. The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae. Vol. I, Introduction, Chlorophyceae. Xanthophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Dinophyceae, Chloromonadineae, Euglenineae, Colourless Flagellata, 1935, [5]. From Sharma (1986), [6], [7].


Kudo (1954)[edit]

Protozoology, 4th ed., [8].

Phylum Protozoa Goldfuss

John O. Corliss (1984)[edit]

From The kingdom Protista and its 45 phyla

In Kingdom Protista
Assemblage "Dinoflagellates"

Taylor in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Taylor, F.J.R., 1990. 24. Phylum Dinoflagellata:. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 419-437. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [9].

Kingdom Protoctista

  • Section IV: Phyla with flagellated stages and complex sexual cycles

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla, [10].

Empire Eukaryota

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[edit]

From A revised six-kingdom system of life, [11].

Empire or Superkingdom 2. Eukaryota

  • Kingdom 1. Protozoa Goldfuss 1818 stat. nov. Owen 1858 em. [almost certainly paraphyletic]
    • Subkingdom 2. Neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993 stat. nov. 1997 em. [almost certainly paraphyletic]
      • Infrakingdom 3. Alveolata Cavalier-Smith 1991 em.
        • Superphylum 1. Miozoa Cavalier-Smith 1987.
          • Phylum 1. Dinozoa Cavalier-Smith 1981 em.
            • Subphylum 1. Protalveolata Cavalier-Smith 1991 em. (e.g. Colponema, Ellobiopsis, Spironema, Hemimastix, Colpodella, Perkinsus) [probably paraphyletic]
            • Subphylum 2. Dinoflagellata Bütschli 1885 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1991 (e.g. Noctiluca, Crypthecodinium, Amphidinium)

Dodge & Lee, in Lee et al. (2000)[edit]

Dodge, J.D. & Lee, J.J. 2000. Phylum Dinoflagellata. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 656-689, [12]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [13].

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Pugachev et al. (2011)[edit]

Pugachev, O. N. ed. (О.Н. Пугачев). 2011. Protista 3: Guide-book on zoology. (Протисты 3: руководство по зоологии). St. Petersburg: KMK Scientific Press, 474 pp. (in Russian, with English summaries), [14].


Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [15].


  • Thomas Cavalier-Smith and E. E. Chao, Protalveolate phylogeny and systematics and the origins of Sporozoa and dinoflagellates (phylum Myzozoa nom. nov.), Europ. J. Protistol. 40, 185-212 (2004).
  • Thomas Cavalier-Smith, Protist phylogeny and the high-level classification of Protozoa, Europ. J. Protistol. 39, 338-348 (2003).

Vernacular names[edit]

español: Dinoflagelados
français: Dinoflagellés
Türkçe: Ateşrengi algler