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Protoopalina pingi



Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Heterokonta
Phylum: Bigyra
Subphylum: Opalozoa
Superclassis: Opalinata
Classes: BlastocysteaOpalineaProteromonadea



Opalinata Wenyon, 1926

Synonyms or similar groups:

  • Opalinidae Claus, 1874
  • Opalinea Poche, 1913, Cavalier-Smith, 1993
  • Protociliata Metcalf, 1918
  • Paraflagellida Corliss, 1955
  • Paraflagellata Corliss, 1962
  • Opalinida Honigberg et al., 1964
  • Slopalinida Patterson, 1985



Alternative classifications


Honigberg et al. (1964)


In Phylum Protozoa
Subphylum Opalinata
Order Opalinida

John O. Corliss (1984)


From The kingdom Protista and its 45 phyla

In Kingdom Protista
Assemblage "Paraflagellates"
Phylum Opalinata Wenyon, 1926
Synonym Protociliata

Corliss in Margulis et al. (1990)


Corliss, J.O., 1990. 14g. Phylum Zoomastigina, Class Opalinata. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 239-245. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [1].

Kingdom Protoctista

  • Section III: Phyla with flagellated stages, but without complex sexual cycles

Cavalier-Smith (1993)


From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Phylum Opalozoa
Subphylum Opalinata Wenyon, 1926 stat. nov. emend. Cavalier-Smith, 1993
Class Opalinea Wenyon, 1926 stat. nov. emend. Cavalier-Smith, 1993

Cavalier-Smith (1998)


From A revised six-kingdom system of life

In Phylum Bigyra
Subphylum Opalinata Wenyon 1926 stat. nov. em. Cavalier-Smith 1993, 1997

Adl et al. (2012)


Adl, S.M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, (PDF)