Ciliophora

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Ciliophora

Класификация[редактиране]

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Alveolata
Phylum: Ciliophora
Subphyla: IntramacronucleataPostciliodesmatophoraCiliophora incertae sedis

Classes (nomen dubium): KinetofragminophoraPolyhymenophora

Име[редактиране]

Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Синоними

  • Ciliata Perty, 1852
  • Infusoria sensu Bütschli, 1887-1889
  • Ciliophyceae Rothmaler, 1951

Позовавания[редактиране]

  • Aescht, E. (2001). Catalogue of the generic names of ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora). Denisia 1: 1–350, [1].
  • Bick, H. (1972). Ciliated protozoa: an illustrated guide to the species used as biological indicators in freshwater biology. Geneva: World Health Organization, 198 p., [2].
  • Foissner, W., & Berger, H. (1996). A user‐friendly guide to the ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) commonly used by hydrobiologists as bioindicators in rivers, lakes, and waste waters, with notes on their ecology. Freshwater Biology, 35(2), 375-482, [3].
  • Lynn, D.H. (2016). Ciliophora. In: Archibald, J.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Slamovits, C. (Eds.). Handbook of the Protists. Springer, pp. 1-52. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_23-1
  • Warren, A. 2011. Ciliophora. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=11 on 2016-03-17

Additional references[редактиране]

Links[редактиране]

Местни имена[редактиране]

беларуская: Інфузорыі
English: Ciliates
eesti: Ripsloomad, Tsiliaadid
français: Ciliés
For more multimedia, look at Ciliophora on Wikimedia Commons.


Alternative classifications (translate)[редактиране]

Perty (1852)[редактиране]

From Kleinster Lebensformen, [5], [6].

Saville-Kent (1880-1882)[редактиране]

Saville-Kent, W. (1880-1882). A manual of Infusoria. London, vol. 1 (see p. 211 [7]), vol. 2 and vol. 3.

Sub-kingdom Protozoa

Bütschli (1887-1889)[редактиране]

Bütschli, O. 1887-89. Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Erster Band: Protozoa. Abt. III, Infusoria und System der Radiolaria. C.F. Winter: Leipzig, [8].

Phylum Protozoa

Kalberlah & Schoenichen (1900)[редактиране]

Kalberlah, A. & Schoenichen, W. B. (1900). Eyferth's Einfachste Lebensformen des Tier- und Pflanzenreiches: Naturgeschichte der mikroskopischen Süsswasserbewohner. 3rd ed. Braunschweig: B. Goeritz, [9].

Doflein (1901)[редактиране]

Doflein, F. (1901). Die Protozoen als Parasiten und Krankheitserreger, 1st ed. Further editions: Lehrbuch der Protozoenkunde.

Kahl (1930-1935)[редактиране]

Kahl, A. (1930–35). Urtiere oder Protozoa I: Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria). In: Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 18, (Ed. F. Dahl). 4 vols. G. Fischer, Jena, [10], [11].

Patterson, D.J. (1978). Kahl's Keys to the Ciliates. Translation of the keys from Wimpertiere oder Ciliata. 1978, University of Bristol, [12].

Fauré-Fremiet (1950)[редактиране]

Fauré-Fremiet, E. (1950). Morphologie comparée et systèmatique des Ciliés. Bulletin de la Société zoologique de France, 75: 109–122, [13]. See Lynn (2008), [14].

Kudo (1954)[редактиране]

From Protozoology, 4th ed., [15].

Phylum Protozoa Goldfuss

Honigberg et al. (1964)[редактиране]

In Phylum Protozoa
Subphylum Ciliophora
Class Ciliatea

Corliss (1979)[редактиране]

Corliss, J. O. (1979). The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literautre, 2nd ed., Pergamon Press, Oxford and New York, 455 pp., [16] (1st ed: 1961, [17]).

Phylum Ciliophora

John O. Corliss (1984)[редактиране]

From The kingdom Protista and its 45 phyla

In Kingdom Protista
Assemblage "Ciliates"
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Dragesco & Dragesco-Kernéis (1986)[редактиране]

Dragesco, J. & Dragesco-Kernéis, A. 1986. Ciliés libres de l’Afrique intertropicale: introduction a la connaissance et à l’étude des ciliés. Orstom, Paris, [18].

Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901

Foissner & Foissner (1988)[редактиране]

Foissner, W., & I. Foissner (1988) Stamm: Ciliophora. Catalogus Faunae Austriae, Part Ic. - Osterr. Acad. Wiss., Vienna. 150pp., [19].

Stamm: Ciliophora

Lynn & Small, in Margulis et al. (1990)[редактиране]

Lynn, D.H. & Small, E.B., 1990. 28. Phylum Ciliophora. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 498-523. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [20].

Kingdom Protoctista

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[редактиране]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Kingdom Protozoa, Subkingdom Dictyozoa, Branch Bikonta, Infrakingdom Neozoa, Parvkingdom Alveolata
Superphylum Heterokaryota Hickson, 1903 stat. nov.
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901 stat. nov. Copeland, 1956 emend. auct.

de Puytorac (1994)[редактиране]

Puytorac, P. de. (1994). Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: P. de Puytorac (Ed.). Traité de zoologie. Infusoires ciliés (Vol. 2, pp. 1-15). Paris: Masson, [21], [22]. See Lynn (2008), [23]

Animalia

Cavalier-Smith (1998)[редактиране]

From A revised six-kingdom system of life

In Kingdom Protozoa, Subkingdom Neozoa, Infrakingdom Alveolata
Superphylum Heterokaryota Hickson 1903 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 1993
Phylum Ciliophora Doflein 1901 stat. nov. Copeland 1956 em. auct.

Lynn & Small, in Lee et al. (2000)[редактиране]

Lynn, D.H. & Small, E.B. 2000. Phylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 371-656, [24]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [25].

Class Karyorelictea[редактиране]

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Class Heterotrichea[редактиране]

Class Spirotrichea[редактиране]

Class Litostomatea[редактиране]

Classs Phyllopharyngea[редактиране]

Class Nassophorea[редактиране]

Class Colpodea[редактиране]

Class Prostomatea[редактиране]

Class Plagiopylea[редактиране]

Class Oligohymenophorea[редактиране]

Hausmann et al. (2003)[редактиране]

Hausmann, K., N. Hulsmann, R. Radek. Protistology. Schweizerbart'sche Verlagsbuchshandlung, Stuttgart, 2003.

Empire Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 (= Eukarya)

  • Phylum Alveolata Cavalier-Smith, 1992
    • Subphylum Ciliophora Doflein, 1901
      • Superclass Postciliodesmatophora Gerassimova & Seravin, 1976
        • Class Karyorelictea Corliss, 1974
          • Order Protostomatida
          • Order Loxodida
          • Order Protoheterotrichida
        • Class Heterotrichea Stein, 1859
          • Order Licnophorida
          • Order Heterotrichida
      • Superclass Intramacronucleata Lynn, 1996
        • Class Spirotrichea Bütschli, 1889
          • Subclass Protocruziidia Puytorac et al. 1987
          • Subclass Phacodiniidia Small & Lynn, 1985
          • Subclass Hypotrichia Stein, 1859
          • Subclass Oligotrichia Bütschli, 1889
          • Subclass Choreotrichia Small & Lynn, 1985
          • Subclass Stichotrichia Small & Lynn, 1985
        • Class Litostomatea Small & Lynn, 1981
          • Subclass Haptoria Corliss, 1974
          • Subclass Trichostomatia Bütschli, 1889
        • Class Phyllopharyngea de Puytorac, 1974
          • Subclass Phyllopharyngia de Puytorac, 1974
          • Subclass Rhynchodia Chatton & Lwoff, 1937
          • Subclass Chonotrichia Wallengren, 1895
          • Subclass Suctoria Claparede & Lachmann, 1858
        • Class Nassophorea Small & Lynn, 1981
          • Order Synhymeniida de Puytorac et al., 1974
          • Order Nassulida Jankowski, 1967
          • Order Microthoracida Jankowski,1967
        • Class Colpodea Small & Lynn, 1981
        • Class Prostomatea Schewiakoff, 1896
        • Class Plagiopylea Small & Lynn, 1985
        • Class Oligohymenophorea de Puytorac et al., 1974
          • Subclass Peniculia Fauré-Fremiet, 1956.
          • Subclass Scuticociliatia Small, 1967
          • Subclass Hymenostomatia Dellage & Herouard, 1896
          • Subclass Apostomatia Chatton & Lwoff, 1928
          • Subclass Peritrichia Stein, 1859
            • Order Sessilida Kahl, 1933
            • Order Mobilida Kahl, 1933
          • Subclass Astomatia Schewiakoff, 1896
            • Order Clevelandellida de Puytorac & Grain, 1976
            • Order Odontostomatida Sawaya, 1940

Alimov et al. (2007)[редактиране]

Alimov, A. F. ed. (А. Ф. Алимов). 2007. Protista 2: Handbook on zoology. (Протисты 2: руководство по зоологии). St. Petersburg: Nauka, 2007, 1141 pp. (in Russian, with English summaries), [26].

Protists

Lynn (2008)[редактиране]

Lynn, Denis (2008). The Ciliated Protozoa: Characterization, Classification, and Guide to the Literature (3 ed.). Springer. p. 10, [27].

Phylum Ciliophora

Adl et al. (2012)[редактиране]

Adl, S. M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [28].

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[редактиране]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [29].

Gao et al. (2016)[редактиране]

Gao, Feng, et al. "The All-Data-Based Evolutionary Hypothesis of Ciliated Protists with a Revised Classification of the Phylum Ciliophora (Eukaryota, Alveolata)." Scientific Reports 6 (2016): 24874.