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Distinguished author

Mary Agnes Chase
1869–1963. Standard IPNI form: Chase

Mary Agnes Chase, née Merrill, was an American botanist who worked at the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Smithsonian Institution. She is considered one of the world's outstanding agrostologists and is known for her work on the study of grasses, and also for her work as a suffragist. Chase was born in Iroquois County, Illinois and held no formal education beyond grammar school. That aside, she made significant contributions to the field of botany, authored over 70 scientific publications, and was conferred with an honorary doctorate in science from the University of Illinois. She specialized in the study of grasses and conducted extensive field work in North- as well as and South America. Her Smithsonian Field Books collection from 1897 to 1959 is archived in the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

In 1901, Chase became a botanical assistant at the Field Museum of Natural History under Charles Frederick Millspaugh, where her work was featured in two museum publications: Plantae Utowanae (1900) and Plantae Yucatanae (1904). Two years later, Chase joined the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) as a botanical illustrator and eventually became a scientific assistant in systematic agrostology (1907), assistant botanist (1923), and associate botanist (1925), all under Albert Spear Hitchcock. Chase worked with Hitchcock for almost twenty years, collaborating closely and also publishing, for instance The North American Species of Panicum (1910).

Following Hitchcock's death in 1936, Chase succeeded him to become senior botanist in charge of systematic agrostology and custodian of the Section of Grasses, Division of Plants at the United States National Museum (USNM). Chase retired from the USDA in 1939, but continued her work as custodian of the USNM grass herbarium until her death in 1963. She was an Honorary Fellow of the Smithsonian Institution (1959) and Fellow of the Linnean Society of London (1961). Agnesia is named in her honour (a monotypic genus of herbaceous South American bamboo in the grass family).

Chase experienced discrimination based on her gender in the scientific field, for example, being excluded from expeditions to Panama in 1911 and 1912 because the expedition's benefactors feared the presence of women researchers would distract men. During World War I, Chase marched with Alice Paul and was jailed several times for her activities. In 1918, she was arrested at the Silent Sentinels rally picketing the White House; she refused bail and was held for 10 days, where she instigated a hunger-strike and was force-fed. The USDA accused her of "conduct unbecoming a government employee," but Hitchcock helped her keep her job. Chase was also an active member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

See also: Distinguished authors of previous months.

Species of the month

Christmas Island frigatebird

Fregata andrewsi

Fregata andrewsi

Some facts about this bird:

Length: 89–100 cm (35–39 in)

Wingspan: 215 cm (7.15 ft)

Weight: 1.50 kg (3.42 lb)

Diet: The Christmas Island frigatebird is a piscivorous i.e. fish-eating bird of prey. They mostly feed on fish taken in flight from the ocean's surface (mostly Flying fish, Exocoetidae), but sometimes indulge in kleptoparasitism, harassing other birds to force them to regurgitate their food.

Range: The Christmas Island frigatebird is endemic to the Christmas Island in the Indian Ocean.

Habitat: Oceans and islands. They nest in large trees of species Celtis timorensis and Terminalia catappa which may grow to 35 metres (115 feet) tall.

Conservation status: Classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List. In 2003 the total adult population was estimated to be between 3,600 and 7,200 individuals. There are only a total of 4 remaining nesting colonies in the world, all on the same island.

First described: By the Australian ornithologist Gregory Macalister Mathews in 1914.

Notable fact: This species is one of the "marathon fliers" among seabirds. In 2005, the female specimen was tagged with a satellite transmitter, and scientists were able to track a non-stop flight for 26 days. The flight went 4.000 km (2.500 mi) from Christmas Island via Sumatra, Java and Borneo, then back to Christmas Island where her cub was waiting for her. The scientists found that the bird did not make any stops during this flight, but instead fed over the sea and slept while flying.

Source: Species-2022-12