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협력

위키생물종과 주키스(ZooKeys) 사이의 협력이 공표되었습니다. 2010년 11월에 파이투키스(PhytoKeys)도 협력에 동참했습니다. 주키스 및 파이투키스의 생물종 영상이 위키미디어 공용에 올려졌으며 위키생물종에서 사용할 수 있습니다.

저명한 생물학자

Franz Steindachner
(1834–1919)

An Austrian zoologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist. Steindachner published over 200 papers on fishes and over 50 papers on reptiles and amphibians, and described hundreds of new species of fish and dozens of new amphibians and reptiles. At least seven species of reptile have been named after him.

Being interested in natural history, Steindachner took up the study of fossil fishes. In 1860 he was appointed to the position of director of the fish collection at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, a position which had remained vacant since the death of Johann Jakob Heckel in 1857. Steindachner's reputation as an ichthyologist grew, and in 1868 he was invited by Swiss-born American zoologist Louis Agassiz to accept a position at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. Steindachner took part in the USCSS Hassler Expedition of 1871–1872; a journey that circumnavigated South America from Boston to San Francisco. In 1874 he returned to Vienna, and in 1887 was appointed director of the zoological department of the Naturhistorisches Museum. He was promoted to director of the museum in 1898. He traveled extensively during his career, his research trips taking him throughout the Iberian Peninsula, the Red Sea, the Canary Islands, Senegal, Latin America, and more.

From 1875, he was member of the Vienna Academy of Sciences. In 1892 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.

See also: Distinguished authors of previous months.

Species of the month

Common Egg-eater

Dasypeltis scabra after swallowing an egg

Dasypeltis scabra

Some facts on this snake:

Length: 51–89 cm.

Diet: Feeds exclusively on bird eggs.

Egg clutch: Between 6 and 25.

Range: Sub-saharan Africa.

First described: By the Swedish naturalist Linnaeus in 1758 as Coluber scaber. It was moved to the genus Dasypeltis in 1830 by the German naturalist Johann Georg Wagler.


Can you imagine eating nothing but eggs? Dasypeltis scabra does just that. It swallows bird eggs whole and crushes them using a specialized vertebral hypapophysis (vertebral column) which extends into the esophagus. The shell is then regurgitated in one piece, and its contents are passed along to the stomach. This non-venomous snake can be identified by its diamond shaped markings, black tongue and black mouth. It has a strictly nocturnal lifestyle. When disturbed, it inflates itself, hisses by rapidly rubbing together the rough scales on the side of its body, and strikes with its mouth kept wide open. The genus Dasypeltis or "Egg-eating Snakes" includes nine African species, and is a member of the speciose family Colubridae or "Typical Snakes".

(Archived from Template:Species of the week)

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