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현재 591,678개의 문서가 있습니다.

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협력

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위키생물종과 주키스(ZooKeys) 사이의 협력이 공표되었습니다. 2010년 11월에 파이투키스(PhytoKeys)도 협력에 동참했습니다. 주키스 및 파이투키스의 생물종 영상이 위키미디어 공용에 올려졌으며 위키생물종에서 사용할 수 있습니다.

저명한 생물학자

Steindachner Franz 1834-1919.png

Franz Steindachner
(1834–1919)

An Austrian zoologist, ichthyologist, and herpetologist. Steindachner published over 200 papers on fishes and over 50 papers on reptiles and amphibians, and described hundreds of new species of fish and dozens of new amphibians and reptiles. At least seven species of reptile have been named after him.

Being interested in natural history, Steindachner took up the study of fossil fishes. In 1860 he was appointed to the position of director of the fish collection at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna, a position which had remained vacant since the death of Johann Jakob Heckel in 1857. Steindachner's reputation as an ichthyologist grew, and in 1868 he was invited by Swiss-born American zoologist Louis Agassiz to accept a position at the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University. Steindachner took part in the USCSS Hassler Expedition of 1871–1872; a journey that circumnavigated South America from Boston to San Francisco. In 1874 he returned to Vienna, and in 1887 was appointed director of the zoological department of the Naturhistorisches Museum. He was promoted to director of the museum in 1898. He traveled extensively during his career, his research trips taking him throughout the Iberian Peninsula, the Red Sea, the Canary Islands, Senegal, Latin America, and more.

From 1875, he was member of the Vienna Academy of Sciences. In 1892 he became a member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina.

See also: Distinguished authors of previous months.

Species of the month

Blue Bird of Paradise

Paradisaea rudolphi

Paradisaea rudolphi

Some facts on this bird:

Head and body length: about 30 cm.

Weight: 125 to 190 grams.

Range: Papua, New Guinea.

Habitat: Lower montane forest; requires primary forest to display.

Diet: Feeds mainly on fruit.

Surviving number: 2,500–10,000.

Conservation status: Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1).

First described: By Otto Finsch & Adolf Bernard Meyer in 1885; originally named Paradisornis rudolphi.


If you're looking for the ultimate show-off, try Paradisaea rudolphi. It's difficult to find a more spectacular courtship display than that of this bird. The male hangs upside down, spreads his flank feathers into a triangular fan, raises and lowers the long tail plumes and catches the light in such a way that it shimmers in blue and violet. This display extravaganza is accompanied by cawing and rhythmic buzzing sounds. When it comes to incubating the eggs and caring for the young, the female is on her own. The paradise of this bird is about to become a paradise lost, threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture, logging and mining.

See also: Species of previous months

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