|Haloquadratum walsbyi||Sitta europaea caesia||Boletus calopus||♂Aphyocharax anisitsi|
|♀Brachypelma smithi||Hippopotamus amphibius||Euphorbia leuconeura||Sarcophaga sp. with Tipulidae|
Johan Christian Fabricius
A Danish zoologist, specialising in entomology. He was a student of Carolus Linnaeus in Uppsala (Sweden), and then appointed a professor at the University of Copenhagen (Denmark) as well as the University of Kiel (officially Germany, but ruled by the Danish king through a personal union). Fabricius is considered one of the most important entomologists of the 18th century, having named 9,776 species of animals, and established the basis for the modern insect classification. He added two distinct areas to the classification system: both artificial and natural characteristics. Artificial characteristics allowed for the determination of a species, and natural characteristics for the relationship to other genera and varieties. Much of his system still remains the basis of modern insect classification. Towards the end of his career Fabricius spent much of his time living in Paris, where he frequently met with naturalists such as Georges Cuvier and Pierre André Latreille.
See also: Distinguished authors of previous months.
Species of the month
Some facts about this coniferous shrub or small tree:
Height: 3–6 m (rarely 10 m).
Trunk diameter: 30–50 cm.
Habitat: open scrub (maquis minier) on ultramafic serpentine soils rich in nickel and other metal ores.
Distribution: New Caledonia (endemic).
Surviving number: ten populations, mostly small.
Conservation status: Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1)
First described: by Carrière in 1867, originally named as Eutacta pancheri.
Neocallitropsis pancheri is a very unusual species in the cypress family Cupressaceae, unique in its leaves being ranked in eight rows, rather than the usual four or six rows. It is one of the many conifers unique to New Caledonia, where it is threatened by industrial mining (as it occurs on metal-rich sites rich in nickel ore) and also by wildfires.
The foliage is superficially similar to, and was originally mistaken for, species of Araucaria in the section Eutacta (family Araucariaceae; then treated as a distinct genus), and was only realised to be in the Cupressaceae when the cones were examined by Compton in 1922. He described a new genus Callitropsis for it ("resembling Callitris", the genus to which it is most similar in cone structure), but he did not realise that this name had already been used for a different plant by Ørsted in 1864. A new name was therefore needed for it, with Neocallitropsis ("new Callitropsis") being described for it by Florin in 1944. A good example of the many perils facing botanists describing new plants.
See also: Species of previous months
다른 언어로 보기
العربية · ئۇيغۇرچە · Alemannisch · Aragonés · অসমীয়া · Asturianu · Azərbaycanca · Bahasa Indonesia · Bahasa Melayu · بلوچی · Български · বাংলা · Беларуская · Boarisch · Bosanski · Brezhoneg · Català · Čeština · Cymraeg · Dansk · Deutsch · Eesti · Ελληνικά · English · Ænglisc · Español · Esperanto · Euskara · فارسی · Føroyskt · Français · Galego · ქართული · 廣東話 · 한국어 · Հայերեն · Hrvatski · Interlingua · Íslenska · Italiano · עברית · हिन्दी · қазақша · Кыргызча · Magyar · Mirandés · Македонски · मराठी · молдовеняскэ · Nederlands · नेपाली · 日本語 · Nordfriisk · Norsk bokmål · Нохчийн · ଓଡ଼ିଆ · Occitan · Polski · Português · Ripoarisch/Kölsch · Română · Runa Simi · Русский · Scots · Shqip · සිංහල · Sicilianu · Simple English · Slovenčina · Slovenščina · Српски/Srpski · Sunda · Suomi · Svenska · Tagalog · Тоҷикӣ · தமிழ் · ไทย · Tiếng Việt · Türkçe · Українська · Veneto · Volapük · ייִדיש · Zazaki · 简体中文 · 正體中文
위키생물종은 다언어, 자유 콘텐츠를 지향하는 비영리 단체인 위키미디어 재단에서 운영합니다.