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خۇشكەپسىز

ۋىكىجانلىق

بۈگۈنكى ھەقسىزلەر، بۇنى ھەركىم تەھرىرلىيەلەيدۇ.

Animalia, Plantae, Fungi, Bacteria, Archaea, Protista ۋە باشقا ھاياتلىق

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ۋىكى تۈرلىرى ھەقسىز، چۈنكى ھاياتلىق ئۈچۈن

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Distinguished Author

Bocage-JV-Barbosa-du-1823-1.jpg

José Vicente Barbosa du Bocage
  (1823-1907).

A Portuguese zoologist and politician. He was the curator of Zoology at the Museum of Natural History in Lisbon. His work at the Museum consisted in acquiring, describing and coordinating collections, many of which arrived from the Portuguese colonies in Africa, such as Angola, Mozambique, etc. He published more than 200 taxonomic papers on mammals, birds, and fishes. In the 1880s he became the Minister of the Navy and later the Minister for Foreign Affairs for Portugal. The zoology collection at the Lisbon Museum is called the Bocage Museum in his honor. He was responsible for identifying many new species, which he named according to the naturalist who found them.

Species of the month

Carpathian Blue Slug

Bielzia coerulans

Bielzia coerulans Bielz, 1851

Some facts about this shell-less terrestrial gastropod mollusc:

Size and coloration: Juveniles are yellowish brown with dark lateral bands. Adult slugs turn blue and becomes 100–140 mm in length.
Distribution: Endemic to the Carpathian Mountains in Eastern Europe, however it is not evenly distributed over the entire range and is often not present in habitats that seem to be suitable. According to the IUCN it is native to the Czech Republic (only in Moravia), Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, southern Poland and the Ukraine. The species has the potential to be invasive as demonstrated by introduced populations in Kiev and western Germany. For example it was found in 2012 in Germany (presumed introduction in Westerwald, Rhineland-Palatinate).
Protection status: IUCN: Bielzia coerulans Bielz, 1851 (Least Concern). Last assessed by German malacologist Frank Walther in June 20, 2016. There are no conservation measures in place (nor are they needed) however the species is protected in Hungary.
Etymology: Its generic name Bielzia is an eponym of the German malacologist Michael Bielz. Its specific name is the Latin word coerulans meaning "turning blue".

The Carpathian Blue Slug (Bielzia coerulans) is also known simply as Blue Slug. It is the only known species within the Bielzia genus. The species is found in both deciduous forests and coniferous forests. The slug prefers rich structured habitats, but if a minimum of shelter such as dead wood and ground vegetation is available it can also be found in pine- and spruce monocultures. The slugs mature in June to July and after copulation lay 30–80 eggs in one single clutch. After egg deposition the adults then die. Half grown juveniles hibernate during the winter, and a new generation of fully grown slugs appear in May the next year.

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