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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি আৰু জুকীজসহযোগিতা ঘোষণা কৰা হৈছে। ফাইট'কীজেও এই সহযোগিতাত নৱেম্বৰ ২০১০ত যোগদান কৰিলে। ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি জুকীজ আৰু ফাইট'কীজৰ প্ৰজাতিসমূহৰ চিত্ৰ ৱিকিমিডিয়া কমন্সত আপল'ড কৰা হ'ব।



প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত লেখক

চাৰ্ল্চ লুচিয়েন বনাপাৰ্ট এজন ফ্ৰেঞ্চ জুলজিষ্ট। তেওঁ অৰ্ণিথলজি আৰু ইক্টিয়লজিৰ অধ্যয়ন কৰ্তা আছিল।
Bonaparte Charles Luciene Jules Laurent.jpg

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857. Author abbreviation: Bonaparte

Charles Lucien ("Carlo Luciano") Bonaparte was French zoologist specialized in ornithology and ichthyology. He also studied amphibians and reptiles and is the author of Ursini's viper, Vipera ursinii. Bonaparte was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and Alexandrine de Bleschamp, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon. Born in Paris, he was raised in Italy. After getting married to Zénaïde Bonaparte, he and his wife left for Philadelphia in the United States to live with Joseph Bonaparte, father of Zénaïde. Before leaving Italy, Charles had already discovered a warbler new to science, the moustached warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon), and on the voyage he collected specimens of a new storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus. On arrival in the United States he presented a paper on this new bird, which was later named Wilson's storm petrel (after Alexander Wilson).

At the end of 1826, Bonaparte and his family returned to Europe. He visited Germany, where he met Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar, and England, where he met John Edward Gray at the British Museum, and renewed his acquaintance with John James Audubon. In 1828, the family settled in Rome. In Italy, he was the originator of several scientific congresses, and lectured and wrote extensively on American and European ornithology and other branches of natural history. Between 1832 and 1841, Bonaparte published his work on the animals of Italy, Iconografia della Fauna Italica. He had also published Specchio Comparativo delle Ornithologie di Roma e di Filadelfia (Pisa, 1827), presenting a comparison between birds of the latitude of Philadelphia and Italian species. He created the genus Zenaida, after his wife, for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) and its relatives. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1845.

In 1850, Bonaparte and his family of wife and twelve children moved to France, and he made Paris his home for the rest of his life. In 1854, he became director of the Jardin des Plantes. In 1855, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He published the first volume of his Conspectus Generum Avium before his death, the second volume being edited by Hermann Schlegel. Lucien Charles Bonaparte died in Paris at the age of 54.

See also: List of 53 taxa authored by Charles Lucien BonaparteDistinguished authors of previous months


Species of the month

Common Death Adder

Acanthophis antarcticus

Acanthophis antarcticus

Some facts on this snake:

Length: 70-100 cm.

Longevity: 9 years (in captivity).

Habitat: Forests, woodlands, grasslands and heaths.

Range: Eastern and coastal southern Australia.

Diet: Small mammals, lizards and birds.

Bite speed: 13 hundredths of a second.

Conservation status: Least Concern (IUCN 3.1).

First described: George Shaw and Frederick Polydore Nodder in 1802.


Be careful not to step accidentally on a camouflaged Acanthophis antarcticus. This is one of the most venomous snakes known in the world: a bite can cause paralysis and may lead to death within 6 hours, due to respiratory failure. The Death Adder is characterized by a broad and somewhat flattened, triangular head, short stout body and a thin rat-like body ending in a curved spine. It has the habit of burying itself in sand or leaf litter, with just the head and tail exposed whilst it lies in wait for prey. On approach of a potential prey, it mimics the movements of a worm or caterpillar with the tip of the tail in a process called caudal luring. The end of the wiggling tail is easily mistaken for food by a hungry and unsuspecting victim which is instantly captivated. When the prey is within range, the snake strikes at great speed. Female death adders are viviparous; they produce large litters of live babies which number between 10 and 32 in late summer. The genus Acanthophis or "death adders" contains 7 australian species, and belongs to the family Elapidae or "Elapid snakes".

See also: Species of previous months

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