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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি

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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি আৰু জুকীজসহযোগিতা ঘোষণা কৰা হৈছে। ফাইট'কীজেও এই সহযোগিতাত নৱেম্বৰ ২০১০ত যোগদান কৰিলে। ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি জুকীজ আৰু ফাইট'কীজৰ প্ৰজাতিসমূহৰ চিত্ৰ ৱিকিমিডিয়া কমন্সত আপল'ড কৰা হ'ব।



প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত লেখক

চাৰ্ল্চ লুচিয়েন বনাপাৰ্ট এজন ফ্ৰেঞ্চ জুলজিষ্ট। তেওঁ অৰ্ণিথলজি আৰু ইক্টিয়লজিৰ অধ্যয়ন কৰ্তা আছিল।
Bonaparte Charles Luciene Jules Laurent.jpg

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857. Author abbreviation: Bonaparte

Charles Lucien ("Carlo Luciano") Bonaparte was French zoologist specialized in ornithology and ichthyology. He also studied amphibians and reptiles and is the author of Ursini's viper, Vipera ursinii. Bonaparte was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and Alexandrine de Bleschamp, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon. Born in Paris, he was raised in Italy. After getting married to Zénaïde Bonaparte, he and his wife left for Philadelphia in the United States to live with Joseph Bonaparte, father of Zénaïde. Before leaving Italy, Charles had already discovered a warbler new to science, the moustached warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon), and on the voyage he collected specimens of a new storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus. On arrival in the United States he presented a paper on this new bird, which was later named Wilson's storm petrel (after Alexander Wilson).

At the end of 1826, Bonaparte and his family returned to Europe. He visited Germany, where he met Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar, and England, where he met John Edward Gray at the British Museum, and renewed his acquaintance with John James Audubon. In 1828, the family settled in Rome. In Italy, he was the originator of several scientific congresses, and lectured and wrote extensively on American and European ornithology and other branches of natural history. Between 1832 and 1841, Bonaparte published his work on the animals of Italy, Iconografia della Fauna Italica. He had also published Specchio Comparativo delle Ornithologie di Roma e di Filadelfia (Pisa, 1827), presenting a comparison between birds of the latitude of Philadelphia and Italian species. He created the genus Zenaida, after his wife, for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) and its relatives. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1845.

In 1850, Bonaparte and his family of wife and twelve children moved to France, and he made Paris his home for the rest of his life. In 1854, he became director of the Jardin des Plantes. In 1855, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He published the first volume of his Conspectus Generum Avium before his death, the second volume being edited by Hermann Schlegel. Lucien Charles Bonaparte died in Paris at the age of 54.

See also: List of 53 taxa authored by Charles Lucien BonaparteDistinguished authors of previous months

Species of the month

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Merops apiaster

Some facts on this bird:

Length: 25-29 cm.

Wingspan: 36-40 cm.

Weight: 55 grams.

Diet: Insects, especially bees, wasps and hornets.

Life-span: Up to 6 years.

Range: Breeds in Europe and also in parts of Africa and southern-central Asia. Migrates to spend winter in sub-Saharan Africa. May also overwinter in India.

Habitat: Open landscapes with sheltered valleys that have grassy, marshy terrain with few trees.

Conservation status: Classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List.

First described: By the Sweedish naturatist Linnaeus in 1758.


Eating bees sounds like a painful indulgence, but for Merops apiaster bees are a delicacy. These birds, called "bee-eaters" can devour up to 250 bees daily. Before eating its meal, a European Bee-eater removes the sting by repeatedly hitting the insect on a hard surface. These colorful birds are gregarious, nesting colonially in sandy banks, preferably near river shores at the beginning of May. Each pair excavates a nesting burrow, usually in a vertical earth or sand bank. A nesting tunnel typically measures about a meter long and terminates in a nest chamber. The female lays four to seven eggs, which are incubated for approximately 20 days by both parents. The chicks fledge at about four weeks of age. Some Merops apiaster have "helpers-at-the-nest"; that is, the nesting pair has additional adults helping with feeding the brood. These "helpers" are usually the pair's relatives which failed in their own breeding attempt earlier in the year. The Merops or "bee-eater" genus contains 23 species and belongs the the Meropidae family, which are characterized by richly colored plumage, slender bodies, and usually elongated central tail feathers.

See also: Species of previous months

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