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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি

সকলোৱে সম্পাদনা কৰিব পৰা মুক্ত প্ৰজাতি নিৰ্দেশিকা

এনিমেলিয়া, প্লেণ্টে, ফাংগি, বেক্টিৰিয়া, আৰ্কিয়া, প্ৰটিষ্টা আৰু জীৱনৰ আন সকলো ৰূপ সামৰে।

এতিয়ালৈকে ইয়াত 502,475টা প্ৰবন্ধ আছে

ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি মুক্ত, কাৰণ জীৱন পাব্লিক ড'মেইনত উপলব্ধ!

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জুকীজৰ সৈতে সহযোগ

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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি আৰু জুকীজসহযোগিতা ঘোষণা কৰা হৈছে। ফাইট'কীজেও এই সহযোগিতাত নৱেম্বৰ ২০১০ত যোগদান কৰিলে। ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি জুকীজ আৰু ফাইট'কীজৰ প্ৰজাতিসমূহৰ চিত্ৰ ৱিকিমিডিয়া কমন্সত আপল'ড কৰা হ'ব।



প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত লেখক

চাৰ্ল্চ লুচিয়েন বনাপাৰ্ট এজন ফ্ৰেঞ্চ জুলজিষ্ট। তেওঁ অৰ্ণিথলজি আৰু ইক্টিয়লজিৰ অধ্যয়ন কৰ্তা আছিল।
Bonaparte Charles Luciene Jules Laurent.jpg

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857. Author abbreviation: Bonaparte

Charles Lucien ("Carlo Luciano") Bonaparte was French zoologist specialized in ornithology and ichthyology. He also studied amphibians and reptiles and is the author of Ursini's viper, Vipera ursinii. Bonaparte was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and Alexandrine de Bleschamp, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon. Born in Paris, he was raised in Italy. After getting married to Zénaïde Bonaparte, he and his wife left for Philadelphia in the United States to live with Joseph Bonaparte, father of Zénaïde. Before leaving Italy, Charles had already discovered a warbler new to science, the moustached warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon), and on the voyage he collected specimens of a new storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus. On arrival in the United States he presented a paper on this new bird, which was later named Wilson's storm petrel (after Alexander Wilson).

At the end of 1826, Bonaparte and his family returned to Europe. He visited Germany, where he met Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar, and England, where he met John Edward Gray at the British Museum, and renewed his acquaintance with John James Audubon. In 1828, the family settled in Rome. In Italy, he was the originator of several scientific congresses, and lectured and wrote extensively on American and European ornithology and other branches of natural history. Between 1832 and 1841, Bonaparte published his work on the animals of Italy, Iconografia della Fauna Italica. He had also published Specchio Comparativo delle Ornithologie di Roma e di Filadelfia (Pisa, 1827), presenting a comparison between birds of the latitude of Philadelphia and Italian species. He created the genus Zenaida, after his wife, for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) and its relatives. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1845.

In 1850, Bonaparte and his family of wife and twelve children moved to France, and he made Paris his home for the rest of his life. In 1854, he became director of the Jardin des Plantes. In 1855, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He published the first volume of his Conspectus Generum Avium before his death, the second volume being edited by Hermann Schlegel. Lucien Charles Bonaparte died in Paris at the age of 54.

See also: List of 53 taxa authored by Charles Lucien BonaparteDistinguished authors of previous months

Species of the month

Aye-aye

Daubentonia madagascariensis

Daubentonia madagascariensis

Some facts on this mammal:

Size: Head and body about 40 cm.; tail about 60 cm.

Weight: 2 kg.

Distribution: Found only on the island of Madagascar.

Diet: Omnivore: eats animal matter, nuts, insect larvae, fruit, nectar, seeds, and fungi.

Average life span: 20 years in captivity.

Protection status: Near Threatened (IUCN 3.1).

First described: By the German naturalist, botanist and entomologist Johann Friedrich Gmelin in 1788.


Daubentonia madagascariensis may look to you like a rodent, but it actually is a primate, related to monkeys, apes, and humans. Equipped with a bushy tail that is larger than the body, big eyes, slender fingers, and large, sensitive ears, the aye-aye is an impressive animal. It has pointed claws on all the fingers and toes except for the opposable big toes, which enable it to dangle from branches. Daubentonia madagascariensis is a nocturnal species which dwells in rain forest trees and avoids coming down to earth. During the day it curls up in a ball-like nest of leaves and branches. While perched aloft, the aye-aye uses its extra-long middle finger to tap on trees listening for wood-boring insects' larvae crawling underneath the bark. With the same middle finger it then fishes them out. This digit is also useful for scooping the flesh out of fruits such as coconuts. Many Madagascan natives consider the aye-ayes an omen of ill luck which must be killed when sighted. Being now critically endangered animals, they are protected by law.

See also: Species of previous months

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