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ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি আৰু জুকীজসহযোগিতা ঘোষণা কৰা হৈছে। ফাইট'কীজেও এই সহযোগিতাত নৱেম্বৰ ২০১০ত যোগদান কৰিলে। ৱিকিপ্ৰজাতি ব্যৱহাৰ কৰি জুকীজ আৰু ফাইট'কীজৰ প্ৰজাতিসমূহৰ চিত্ৰ ৱিকিমিডিয়া কমন্সত আপল'ড কৰা হ'ব।



প্ৰতিষ্ঠিত লেখক

চাৰ্ল্চ লুচিয়েন বনাপাৰ্ট এজন ফ্ৰেঞ্চ জুলজিষ্ট। তেওঁ অৰ্ণিথলজি আৰু ইক্টিয়লজিৰ অধ্যয়ন কৰ্তা আছিল।
Bonaparte Charles Luciene Jules Laurent.jpg

Charles Lucien Bonaparte
May 24, 1803 – July 29, 1857. Author abbreviation: Bonaparte

Charles Lucien ("Carlo Luciano") Bonaparte was French zoologist specialized in ornithology and ichthyology. He also studied amphibians and reptiles and is the author of Ursini's viper, Vipera ursinii. Bonaparte was the son of Lucien Bonaparte and Alexandrine de Bleschamp, and a nephew of Emperor Napoleon. Born in Paris, he was raised in Italy. After getting married to Zénaïde Bonaparte, he and his wife left for Philadelphia in the United States to live with Joseph Bonaparte, father of Zénaïde. Before leaving Italy, Charles had already discovered a warbler new to science, the moustached warbler (Acrocephalus melanopogon), and on the voyage he collected specimens of a new storm-petrel, Oceanites oceanicus. On arrival in the United States he presented a paper on this new bird, which was later named Wilson's storm petrel (after Alexander Wilson).

At the end of 1826, Bonaparte and his family returned to Europe. He visited Germany, where he met Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar, and England, where he met John Edward Gray at the British Museum, and renewed his acquaintance with John James Audubon. In 1828, the family settled in Rome. In Italy, he was the originator of several scientific congresses, and lectured and wrote extensively on American and European ornithology and other branches of natural history. Between 1832 and 1841, Bonaparte published his work on the animals of Italy, Iconografia della Fauna Italica. He had also published Specchio Comparativo delle Ornithologie di Roma e di Filadelfia (Pisa, 1827), presenting a comparison between birds of the latitude of Philadelphia and Italian species. He created the genus Zenaida, after his wife, for the mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) and its relatives. He was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1845.

In 1850, Bonaparte and his family of wife and twelve children moved to France, and he made Paris his home for the rest of his life. In 1854, he became director of the Jardin des Plantes. In 1855, he was made a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He published the first volume of his Conspectus Generum Avium before his death, the second volume being edited by Hermann Schlegel. Lucien Charles Bonaparte died in Paris at the age of 54.

See also: List of 53 taxa authored by Charles Lucien BonaparteDistinguished authors of previous months

Species of the month

Australian Green Tree Frog

Litoria caerulea

Litoria caerulea

Some facts on this frog:

Length: 7 to 11.5 cm.

Colour: Depends on the temperature and colour of the environment, ranging from brown to green.

Distribution: Native to northern and eastern regions of Australia and to southern New Guinea. Introduced to the United States and to New Zealand.

Diet: Mainly insects such as moths, locusts, and roaches.

Lifespan: Up to 16 years.

First described: By the English surgeon and botanical collector John White in 1790.


How about replacing your dog with a Litoria caerulea? This frog's docile nature, cartoon-like appearance and long life expectancy make it an attractive choice for exotic-pet owners. The male calls can be heard year round from high tree canopy. When threatened, the Australian green tree frogs emit an ear-piercing distress call. During the dry season they cover themselves in a cocoon of sloughed epidermis and mucus and burrow to keep moist. When the rainy summer season comes they feast for a few days before starting to breed. The breeding often takes place in very moist places, such as drainage systems, water tanks, or grassy semi-permanent water systems. The female ejects her eggs with such a force that they pass through the male's deposited sperm cloud, stopping up to half a meter away. A clutch contains from 150 to 300 eggs. Once fertilized, the eggs sink to the bottom substrate and about 28 to 36 hours later hatching begins. Metamorphosis occurs in two to three weeks given good conditions. Litoria caerulea shares the genus Litoria with dozens of other frog species endemic to Australasia. One old common names of the species, "White's tree frog", is in honor of John White's first description in 1790. It was the first Australian frog to be scientifically classified.

See also: Species of previous months

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