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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Alveolata
Phylum: Myzozoa
Subphylum: Dinozoa
Infraphylum: Dinoflagellata
Classis: Dinophyceae
Subclasses (disused): Dinophycidae – Ebriophycidae – Ellobiophycidae – Peridiniphycidae

Ordines: Actiniscales – Amphilothales – Blastodiniales – Brachidiniales – Coccidiniales – Desmomastigales – Dinophysiales – Gonyaulacales – Gymnodiniales – Lophodiniales – Noctilucales – Oxyrrhinales – Peridiniales – Phytodiniales – Prorocentrales – Pyrocystales – Suessiales – Syndiniales – Thoracosphaerales – Dinophyceae incertae sedis

Ordo (in synonymy): Brachydiniales

Ordo (nomen dubium): Thalassomycetales


Dinophyceae Pascher, 1914

Similar groups:



Pascher (1914)[edit]

Pascher, A. (1914). Über Flagellaten und Algen. Ber. dt. Bot. Ges., 32: 136–160, [1].

[See Algae]

Pascher (1931)[edit]

Pascher, A. (1931). Systematische Übersicht über die mit Flagellaten in Zusammenhang stehenden Algenreihen und Versuch einer Einreihung dieser Algenstämme in die Stämme des Pflanzenreiches. Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt, 48 (Abteilung II, 2): 317–332, [2].

[See Plantae (L.)]

Fritsch (1935)[edit]

Fritsch, F.E. The Structure and Reproduction of the Algae. Vol. I, Introduction, Chlorophyceae. Xanthophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Cryptophyceae, Dinophyceae, Chloromonadineae, Euglenineae, Colourless Flagellata, 1935, [3]. From Sharma (1986), [4], [5].


Sarjeant & Downie (1966)[edit]

Sarjeant, W.A.S. & Downie, C. (1966). The classification of dinoflagellate cysts above generic level. Grana Palynologica, 6(3), 503-527, [6].

Sarjeant & Downie (1974)[edit]

Sarjeant, W.A.S. & Downie, C. (1974). The classification of dinoflagellate cysts above generic level: a discussion and revisions. In: Symposium on Stratigraphic Palynology, Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, Special Publication, 3, p. 9-32, [7].

Sarjeant (1974)[edit]

Sarjeant, W.A.S. (1974). Appendix C - Present classification of fossil dinoflagellates. In: Sarjeant, W.A.S. (1974). Fossil and living dinoflagellates. Academic Press: London, p. 138-146, [8].

Artzner et al. (1979)[edit]

Artzner, D.G., Davies, E.H., Dörhöfer, G., Fasola, A., Norris, G. and Poplawski, S. (1979). A systematic illustrated guide to fossil organic-walled dinoflagellate genera. Royal Ontario Museum, Life Sciences Division, Miscellaneous Publication, p. 1-119, [9].

Dodge in Spector (1984)[edit]

Dodge, J. D. (1984). Dinoflagellate taxonomy. In: Spector, D. L. (ed.). Dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Orlando, FL, [10].

Popovský & Pfiester (1990)[edit]

Popovský, J., & Pfiester, L.A. (1990). Dinophyceae (Dinoflagellida). In: Ettl, H., Gerloff, J., Heynig, H., Mollenhauer, D. (eds.): Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa, Band 6. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 272 p., [11].

[See Algae]

Taylor in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Taylor, F.J.R., 1990. 24. Phylum Dinoflagellata:. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 419-437. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [12].

Kingdom Protoctista

Dodge & Lee, in Lee et al. (2000)[edit]

Dodge, J.D. & Lee, J.J. 2000. Phylum Dinoflagellata. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 1, p. 656-689, [13]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [14].

In “protozoa”, “alveolates

Pugachev et al. (2011)[edit]

Pugachev, O. N. ed. (О.Н. Пугачев). 2011. Protista 3: Guide-book on zoology. (Протисты 3: руководство по зоологии). St. Petersburg: KMK Scientific Press, 474 pp. (in Russian, with English summaries), [15].


Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [16].