Radiolaria

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Radiolaria

Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Rhizaria
Phylum: Retaria

Name[edit]

Radiolaria Müller, 1858

Alternative classifications[edit]

Müller (1858)[edit]

From Müller, J. (1858). Über die Thalassicollen, Polycystinen und Acanthometren des Mittelmeeres. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.

Rhizopoda

  • Rhizopoda radiaria s. radiolaria
    • Radiolaria solitaria
      • Thalassicollae
      • Polycystina
      • Acanthometrae
    • Radiolaria polyzoa
      • Sphaerozoum
      • Collosphaera

Haeckel (1862)[edit]

From Haeckel, E. (1862). Die Radiolarien (Rhizopoda radiaria): eine Monographie. Vol. 1. Reimer, Berlin.

Radiolaria

  • Monozoa (Radiolaria solitaria, Monocyttaria)
  • Polyzoa (Radiolaria socialis, Polycyttaria)

Bütschli (1880–1889)[edit]

From Bütschli, O. (1880–1889). Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Erster Band: Protozoa. Abt. I, Sarkodina und Sporozoa, 1880-82 [1]. Abt. III, Infusoria und System der Radiolaria, 1887-89 [2]. C.F. Winter, Leipzig.

Phylum Protozoa

Haeckel (1887)[edit]

From Haeckel, E. (1887). Report on the radiolarian collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 . Zoology, Vol. 18, pt. 1, pt. 2, plates.

Radiolaria

Kudo (1954)[edit]

Protozoology, 4th ed., [3].

  • Phylum Protozoa Goldfuss
    • Subphylum 1 Plasmodroma Doflein
      • Class 2 Sarcodina Hertwig and Lesser
        • Subclass 1 Rhizopoda Siebold
        • Subclass 2 Actinopoda Calkins
          • Order 2 Radiolaria Müller
            • Suborder 1 Actipylea Hertwig
              • Family 1 Actineliidae
                • Genus Actinelius
              • Family 2 Acanthociasmidae
                • Genus Acanthociasma
              • Family 3 Acanthometridae
                • Genus Acanthometron
              • Family 4 Acanthoniidae
                • Genus Acanthonia
              • Family 5 Amphilonchidae
                • Genus Amphilonche
              • Family 6 Sphaerocapsidae
                • Genus Sphaerocapsa
              • Family 7 Diploconidae
                • Genus Diploconus
              • Family 8 Hexalaspidae
                • Genus Hexaconus
            • Suborder 2 Peripylea Hertwig
              • Family 1 Physematiidae
                • Genus Lampoxanthium
              • Family 2 Thalassicollidae
                • Genus Thalassicolla
              • Family 3 Thalassophysidae
                • Genus Thalassophysa
              • Family 4 Thalassothamnidae
                • Genus Thalassothamnus
              • Family 5 Orosphaeridae
                • Genus Orosphaera
              • Family 6 Sphaeroidae
                • Genus Hexacontium
              • Family 7 Prunoidae
                • Genus Pipetta
              • Family 8 Discoidae
                • Genus Staurocyclia
              • Family 9 Larcoidae
                • Genus Cenolarus
              • Family 10 Sphaerozoidae
                • Genus Sphaerozoum
              • Family 11 Collosphaeridae
                • Genus Collosphaera
            • Suborder 3 Monopylea Hertwig
              • Family 1 Nassoidae
                • Genus Cystidium
              • Family 2 Plectoidae
                • Genus Triplagia
              • Family 3 Stephoidae
                • Genus Lithocircus
              • Family 4 Cyrtoidae
                • Genus Dictyophimus
              • Family 5 Botryoidae
                • Genus Phormobothrys
            • Suborder 4 Triplylea Hertwig
              • Family 1 Aulacanthidae
                • Genus Aulacantha
              • Family 2 Caementellidae
                • Genus Caementella
              • Family 3 Sagosphaeridae
                • Genus Sagenoscene
              • Family 4 Aulosphaeridae
              • Family 5 Cannosphaeridae
                • Genus Cannosphaera
              • Family 6 Challengeridae
                • Genus Challengeron
              • Family 7 Medusettidae
                • Genus Medusetta
              • Family 8 Castanellidae
                • Genus Castanidium
              • Family 9 Circoporidae
                • Genus Circoporus
              • Family 10 Tuscaroridae
                • Genus Tuscarora
              • Family 11 Coelodendridae
                • Genus Coelodendrum

Honigberg et al. (1964)[edit]

In Class Actinopodea
Subclass Radiolaria

Anderson (1983)[edit]

Anderson, O. R. (1983). Radiolaria. Springer-Verlag, New York, [4].

Actinopoda

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Phylum Radiozoa
Subphylum Radiolaria Müller 1858 emend. stat. nov.

De Wever et al. (2001)[edit]

De Wever, P., Dumitrica, P., Caulet, J.P., Nigrini, C., Caridroit, M., 2001. Radiolarians in the Sedimentary Record. Taylor & Francis, [5], [6].

  • Kingdom Protista (or Protoctista) [p. xxi]
    • Subkindom Protozoa
      • Phylum Sarcomastigophora
        • Subphylum Sarcodina
          • Superclass Actinopodea (informal name: actinopods; traditional name: radiolarians, heliozoans)
            • Class Polycystina (informal name: polycystines; traditional name: radiolarians)
            • Class Phaeodaria (informal name: phaeodarians; traditional name: radiolarians)
            • Class Heliozoa (informal name: heliozoans; traditional name: sun animalcules)
            • Class Acantharia (informal name: acantharians; traditional name: sun animalcules)


Cavalier-Smith (2002)[edit]

From The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa

In Phylum Retaria
Radiolaria

Nikolaev et al. (2005)[edit]

From The twilight of Heliozoa and rise of Rhizaria, an emerging supergroup of amoeboid eukaryotes, [7].

Eukaryota

Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

From Adl, S.M. et al. (2005). The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. Vol. 52, no. 5, p. 399-451.

Rhizaria Cavalier-Smith 2002

Pugachev et al. (2011)[edit]

From Protista 3.

Protists (Eukaryota)

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Anderson, O.R., 1983. Radiolaria. Springer-Verlag. Springer, New York, 365 pp.
  • Haeckel, E., 1860a. Über neue, lebende Radiolarien des Mittelmeeres und legte die dazu gehörigen Abbildungen. Monat. Königl. Preuß. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 794–817.
  • Haeckel, E., 1860b. Fernere Abbildungen und Diagnosen neuer Gattungen und Arten von lebenden Radiolarien des Mittelmeeres. Monat. Königl. Preuß. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 835–845.
  • Haeckel, E., 1882. Entwurf eines Radiolarien-Systems auf Grund von Studien der Challenger-Radiolarien. Jena. Zeit. Naturwiss. Med. -Naturwiss. Gesell. Jena, 15: 418–472.
  • Haeckel, E., 1884. Über die Ordnungen der Radiolarien. Sitz. Jena. Gesell. Med. Naturwiss., 1883: 18–36.
  • Haeckel, E., 1862-1888. Die Radiolarien. (Rhizopoda Radiaria.) Eine Monographie. Georg Reimer, Berlin
    • 1. Theil (Text). 1862.
    • 1. Theil (Tafeln). Atlas von fünf und dreissig Kupfertafeln. 1862.
    • 2. Theil. Grundriss einer allgemeinen Naturgeschichte der Radiolarien. Mit 64 Tafeln. 1887.
    • 3. Theil. Die Acantharien oder Actipyleen Radiolarien. Mit 12 Tafeln. 1888.
    • 4. Theil. Die Phaeodarien oder Cannopyleen Radiolarien. Mit 30 Tafeln. 1888.
  • Suzuki, N. & Y. Aita (2011). Achievement and unsolved issues on radiolarian studies: taxonomy and cytology. Plankton & Benthos Research. 6(2): 69–91.

Vernacular names[edit]

български: Радиоларии
català: Radiolari
čeština: mřížovci, radiolárie
српски / srpski: Радиоларије
Deutsch: Strahlentierchen
English: radiolarians
español: Radiolaria
Esperanto: Radiulo
euskara: Erradiolario
فارسی: شعاعیان
français: Radiolaria
italiano: Radiolari
Latina: Radiolaria
Nederlands: Stralendiertjes
日本語: 放散虫
Plattdüütsch: Radiolaria
polski: Promienice
português: Radiolaria
русский: Радиолярии
svenska: Radiolarier
Türkçe: Işınlılar
українська: Радіолярії
中文: 放射蟲