帮助:参考文献部分

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:Reference section and the translation is 55% complete.

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参考文献

引用文献章节列出页面信息的参考以确保真实性。

若参考文献有多条,则按作者姓名首字母排序。 在本章节常用{{a|姓名|姓名缩写}}的模板会将作者姓名以大写字母显示(Linnaeus)并创建作者的链接。 期刊名称及书籍标题应为斜体。

另还有以下规则:

  • 年份后加点:2015.
  • 首字母缩写后不要加空格:Ferreyra, H.D.V.
  • 建议使用{{a}}模板:{{a|Hebe Del Valle Ferreyra|Ferreyra, H.D.V.}} 会显示成Ferreyra, H.D.V.而链入Hebe Del Valle Ferreyra。如果不链入链接的话,使用{{aut}}模板:{{aut|Ferreyra, H.D.V.}}会显示成Ferreyra, H.D.V.
  • 卷册号之间不加空格:4057(1)
  • 按照国际标准,用短破折号(-)连接数字:2016–2017, pp.54–59。不要用连字符或长破折号。
  • 要列出所有作者,不要使用“et al.”。名称之间用半角逗号分隔。
  • 将期刊名称链接到ISSN页面:''[[ISSN 1175-5326|Zootaxa]]'' 显示为Zootaxa而链接到ISSN 1175-5326
  • 若是ISBN请使用{{ISBN}}模板:{{ISBN|978-0-684-15976-8}}链接到ISBN 978-0-684-15976-8

参考示例:

==References==
* {{a|María Soledad Moleón|Moleón, M.S.}}, {{a|John Mike Kinsella|Kinsella, J.M.}}, {{a|Pablo Gastón Moreno|Moreno, P.G.}}, {{a|Hebe Del Valle Ferreyra|Ferreyra, H.D.V.}}, {{a|Javier Pereira|Pereira, J.}}, {{a|Mónica Pía|Pía, M.}} & {{a|Pablo Martín Beldomenico|Beldomenico, P.M.}} 2015. New hosts and localities for helminths of carnivores in Argentina. ''[[ISSN 1175-5326|Zootaxa]]'' 4057(1): 106–114. {{doi|10.11646/zootaxa.4057.1.6}} [http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2015/f/z04057p114f.pdf Preview (PDF)]

会显示成:

References

一个好的参考应该:

  • 是分类单元的发表或更改描述
  • 列出所有作者的名字、DOI、全文或摘要的链接
  • 在扩展参考中列出基础参考的引用文献

如果不满足以上要求,则引用会被标记为存疑。大部分发表于90年前的生物分类文献处于公有领域,可以在生物多样性图书馆(BHL)之类的网站上找到。 一些近期发表的期刊文章提供在线阅览,您可以添加对应文章的链接。

参考文献分类

根据重要性差别可将参考文献章节分为以下分段:

===Primary references===

To include all nomenclatural acts: original description, synonyms, comb. nov., type assignment etc.

===Additional references===

To include all the rest of the taxa mentions: type revisions, distribution, material, taxon checklists/reviews etc.

===Links===

Links to external sites.

Headings in a complete reference section:
==References==
===Primary references===
===Additional references===
===Links===

Note the plural, i.e. "references" and "Links", never "reference" or "Link", even if the subsection only consists of a single citation.

参考文献模板

When a particular taxonomic work includes descriptions of numerous new taxa, or when it authoritatively revises a significant group of taxa, it is likely that it will be cited as a reference on numerous pages. In such a case, it is very useful to create a Reference Template for the published paper. The Wikispecies standard format of these references is:

  • Author, A. Year. Title of Paper. Name of Journal Volume x (part y): pages n1–n2, plates x1–x2. Internet link.

or for a book...

  • Author, A. Year. Title of Book. Name and location of publisher: n pages and x plates. Internet link.

The Reference Template is created on a page titled Template:Author, Year and can then be called up on a taxon page using the syntax: {{Author, Year}}
Please only use the author's surname rather than full name when naming the reference template, and always use comma and a space before the year of publication: not semicolon, space/comma without the other, or something like that. If a particular combination is already in use by an existing author template, say {{Smith, 2015}}, then simply add a trailing serial number in the form of a single lowercase letter, i.e. {{Smith, 2015a}}, then {{Smith, 2015b}}, {{Smith, 2015c}} and so forth.

Here is an example reference template, in this particular case named {{Myers, 1942}}

* {{a|George Sprague Myers|Myers, G.S.}} 1942. A new frog of the genus ''Micrixalus'' from Travancore. ''[[ISSN 0006-324X|Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington]]'' 55: 71–74. [https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34633434 BHL] {{subst:reftemp}}

会显示成:

The Substitution Code {{reftemp}} seen last in the above example is a quick way of adding several useful common components (which will not all be shown when the reference is cited on a taxon page) to the end of any Reference Template. Clicking on the "reference page" link at the end of the citation will take you to the original Reference Template page so that it can be modified. Any change made on the Reference Template will appear automatically whenever a taxon page that contains the citation is viewed.

更多信息

It is also permissible to add a further section on the Reference Template page listing the taxonomic acts delivered by the reference or links to other relevant websites, ZooBank for example. So that these are not delivered to taxon pages when the Reference Template is called up, they must be set inside a <noinclude>...</noinclude> bracket set. Here is an (extreme) example.

标准引用模板

There are several templates available for references that are cited often. The complete list is in Category:External link templates.

Standard reference templates
Template code Result More information
{{AlgaeBase|genus|43546}} AlgaeBase Template:AlgaeBase
{{ASW5|accessdate=2008-01-16}} Frost, Darrel R. (2007). Amphibian Species of the World: An Online Reference. Version 5.0. Electronic database accessible at [1]. Accessed on 2008-01-16. Template:ASW5
{{CoF|sp|4340||Nematobrycon palmeri}}
{{FishBase|258|''Esox lucius''}}
{{GRIN|fam|879}}


{{GRIN|gen|9418}}


{{GRIN|sp|28411}}
{{ITIS|180679|''Dugong dugon'' (Müller, 1776)}}
{{IUCN|CR|57334|Telmatobius culeus}} IUCN: Telmatobius culeus  (Critically Endangered) Template:IUCN
{{MSW|11600005}}
{{MSW|11600005|i}}
{{NCBI|9606|''Homo sapiens''}} NCBI link: Homo sapiens Template:NCBI
{{NRDB genus|genus=Naja}}
{{NRDB species|genus=Naja|species=naja}}
Naja at the New Reptile Database

Naja naja at the New Reptile Database

Template:NRDB genus
Template:NRDB species
{{PLANTS|ADENI}}
{{WoRMS||154210}} Esox lucius in the World Register of Marine Species Template:WoRMS
Name section Reference section/zh Vernacular names section