Embryophyta

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page

[Note: this page is about Embryophyta (= Plantae sensu Margulis, 1971). For other uses of Plantae, see:

Name[edit]

Embryophyta Engler, 1892

Synonyms[edit]

  • Cormophyta Endlicher, 1836
  • Phyta Barkley, 1939
  • Cormobionta Rothmaler, 1948
  • Euplanta Barkley, 1949
  • Telomobionta Takhtajan, 1964
  • Embryobionta Cronquist et al., 1966
  • Metaphyta sensu Whittaker, 1969
  • Plantae sensu Margulis, 1971
  • Embryophyceae Lewis & McCourt, 2004
  • Equisetopsida C. Agardh, 1825, sensu M.W.Chase & Reveal, 2009
  • Embryopsida Engler ex Pirani & J. Prado, 2012

Classifications[edit]

Endlicher (1836)[edit]

Endlicher, S.L. (1836). Genera plantarum secundum ordines naturales disposita. pp. [i]-lx, [1-]-160. Vienna, [1]. See Lindley (1846), [2], Rendle (1904), [3].

  • Regio II. Cormophyta
    • Section 3. Acrobrya
    • Section 4. Amphybrya
    • Section 5. Acramphybrya

Engler (1892)[edit]

Engler, A. 1892. Syllabus der Vorlesungen über specielle und medicinisch-pharmaceutische Botanik [...] [Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien, in further editions]. 1st ed., Berlin: Gebr. Borntraeger, [4].

  • Euthallophyta
  • Embryophyta zoidiogama (Archegoniatae)
  • Embryophyta siphonogama (Phanerogamae)

Barkley (1949)[edit]

Barkley, Fred A. "Un esbozo de clasificación de los organismos." Revista de la Facultad Nacional de Agronomia, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín. 10: 83-103, [5].

Takhtajan (1964)[edit]

Takhtajan, A. (1964). The taxa of the higher plants above the rank of order. Taxon 13(5): 160-164, [6].

Subregnum Telomobionta (= Cormobionta)

  • 1. Divisio Psilophyta
  • 2. Divisio Bryophyta
  • 3. Divisio Lycopodiophyta (= Lycophyta, Lepidophyta)
  • 4. Divisio Psilotophyta
  • 5. Divisio Equisetophyta (= Sphenophyta, Calamophyta)
  • 6. Divisio Polypodiophyta (= Pteridophyta s.str., Pterophyta s.str.)
  • 7. Divisio Magnoliophyta (= Spermatophyta)

Cronquist, Takhtajan & Zimmermann (1966)[edit]

Cronquist, A., Takhtajan, A. & Zimmermann, W. (1966). On the Higher Taxa of Embryobionta. Taxon, Vol. 15, No. 4 (Apr., 1966), pp. 129-134, [7].

Subregnum Embryobionta nom. nov. (regio Cormophyta Endl. 1836, Gen. pl.: 42)

  • 1. Divisio Rhyniophyta div. nov.
  • 2. Divisio Bryophyta A. Br. 1864.
  • 3. Divisio Psilotophyta stat. nov.
  • 4. Divisio Lycopodiophyta nom. nov.
  • 5. Divisio Equisetophyta nom. nov.
  • 6. Divisio Polypodiophyta div.nov.
  • 7. Divisio Pinophyta div. nov. (classis Gymnospermae Lindl. 1830, Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot.: 245; divisio Gymnospermae Prantl 1874, Lehrb. d. Bot. 131)
  • 8. Divisio Magnoliophyta div. nov. (divisio Angiospermae A. Br. et Doell 1857, ex Doell, Fl. Baden. 1: 104).
    • Classis Magnoliatae classis nov. (classis Dicotyledoneae DC. 1818, Syst. 1: 123).
      • Typus: Magnolia 1753.
    • Classis Liliatae classis nov. (classis Monocotyledoneae DC 1818, Syst. 1: 122).
      • Typus: Lilium L. 1753.

Whittaker (1969)[edit]

Whittaker, R. H. (1969). New concepts of kingdoms or organisms. Science 163 (3863): 150–160.

  • Kingdom Monera
  • Kingdom Protista
  • Kingdom Plantae
    • Subkingdom Rhodophycophyta
      • Phylum Rhodophyta
    • Subkingdom Phaeophycophyta
      • Phylum Phaeophyta
    • Subkingdom Euchlorophyta
      • Branch Chlorophycophyta
        • Phylum Chlorophyta
        • Phylum Charophyta
      • Branch Metaphyta
        • Phylum Bryophyta
        • Phylum Tracheophyta
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Animalia

Benton (1993)[edit]

Benton, M. J. 1993. The fossil record 2. London: Chapman & Hall, [8].

Margulis & Chapman (2009)[edit]

From Kingdoms & Domains, 4th ed.

Superkingdom Prokarya

  • Kingdom Bacteria (Prokaryotae, Procaryotae, Monera)

Superkingdom Eukarya (Eukaryotae)

  • Kingdom Protoctista
  • Kingdom Animalia
  • Kingdom Fungi
  • Kingdom Plantae
    • Subkingdom Bryata
      • Phyla Bryophyta, Hepatophyta, Anthocerophyta
    • Subkingdom Tracheata
      • Phyla Lycophyta, Psilophyta, Sphenophyta (= Equisetophyta), Filicinophyta (= Pterophyta, Pterodatina, Pteridophyta), Cycadophyta, Ginkgophyta, Conipherophyta, Gnetophyta, Anthophyta (= Angiospermophyta, Magnoliophyta)

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [9].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Margulis, L. 1971. Whittaker's five kingdoms of organisms: minor revisions suggested by considerations of the origin of mitosis. Evolution 25:242-245, [10].
  • Pirani, J. R., & Prado, J. (2012). Embryopsida, a new name for the class of land plants. Taxon, 61(5), 1096-1098.
  • Rothmaler, Werner. Über das natürliche System der Organismen. Biologisches Zentralblatt. 67: 242-250. 1948.