Chlorophyta

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Phylum: Chlorophyta
Classes (8): Chlorodendrophyceae - Chlorophyceae - Mamiellophyceae - Nephroselmidophyceae - Pedinophyceae - Prasinophyceae - ?Siphonocladophyceae – Trebouxiophyceae - Ulvophyceae

Unplaced genera[edit]

Achoma – Cryptodesmus – Cymbomonas – Palmophyllum – Picocystis – Prasinococcus – Prasinoderma – Pseudoscourfieldia – Pterosperma – Pycnococcus – Pyramimonas – Variochloris – Verdigellas – ...

Name[edit]

Chlorophyta A.Pascher (1914)

Classifications[edit]

Reichenbach (1828)[edit]

Reichenbach, H. G. L. (1828). Conspectus Regni Vegetabilis, [1]

Regni Vegetabilis

Blackman & Tansley (1902)[edit]

From Blackman, F.E. et Tansley, A.G. (1902). A revision of the classification of the green algae. New Phytology, 1: 17–24, 67-77- 89-96, 114-120, 133-144, 163-168, 189-192, 213-220, 258-264.

Green Algae

Pascher et al. (1913-1936)[edit]

From Die Süsswasser-Flora: Deutschlands, Österreichs und der Schweiz (oder Die Süsswasser-flora Mitteleuropas), [2].

[see Algae]

Pascher (1914)[edit]

Pascher, A. (1914). Über Flagellaten und Algen. Ber. dt. Bot. Ges., 32: 136–160, [3].

Pascher (1931)[edit]

Pascher, A. (1931). Systematische Übersicht über die mit Flagellaten in Zusammenhang stehenden Algenreihen und Versuch einer Einreihung dieser Algenstämme in die Stämme des Pflanzenreiches. Beihefte zum Botanischen Centralblatt, 48 (Abteilung II, 2): 317–332, [4].

Smith (1938)[edit]

Cryptogamic Botany, vol. 1, [5].

Division Chlorophyta

Huber-Pestalozzi's Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers (1961-1983)[edit]

Huber-Pestalozzi, G. (ed.). Das Phytoplankton des Süßwassers. Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, Werke.

[See Algae]

[Theil 5, 1961, von Huber-Pestalozzi:]

[Teil 6, 1972, von Fott:]

Christensen (1962)[edit]

Christensen, T. (1962). Alger. In: T.W. Böcher, M. Lange, and T. Sørensen (eds.). Botanik. Bind II. Systematisk botanik. Nr. 2, 1–178. I Kommission hos Munksgaard, Copenhagen, [6]

"Alger"

Round (1963)[edit]

Round, F.E. (1963). The taxonomy of the Chlorophyta. British Phycological Bulletin, 2 (4): 224–235. [7].

Eucaryota

Bourrelly (1966-1970)[edit]

Bourrelly, P. Les algues d'eau douce. Initiation à la systématique. Éditions Boubée.

  • Tome I. Les algues vertes, 1966, [8]. Réimpressions revues et augmentées, 1972, 1990. Compléments, 1988, [9].
  • Tome II. Les algues jaunes et brunes. Chrysophycées, Phéophycées, Xanthophycées et Diatomées, 1968, [10]. Réimpression revue et augmentée, 1981.
  • Tome III. Les algues bleues et rouges. Les Eugléniens, Péridiniens et Cryptomonadines, 1970, [11]. Réimpression revue et augmentée, 1985, [12].

[Tome I:]

  • Chlorophytes (= Chlorophycophytes)
    • Class 1. Euchlorophycées
      • Order 1. Volvocales
        • Suborder 1. Pyramimonadinées
        • Suborder 2. Volvocinées
        • Suborder 3. Pédinomonadinées
      • Order 2. Tétrasporales
      • Order 3. Chlorococcales
    • Class 2. Ulotrichophycées
      • Order 4. Ulotrichales
      • Order 5. Ulvales
      • Order 6. Chaetophorales
      • Order 7. Trentépohliales
      • Order 8. Oedogoniales
      • Order 9. Sphaeropléales
      • Order 10. Siphonocladales
      • Order 11. Siphonales
      • Order 12. Dichotomosiphonales
    • Class 3. Zygophycées
      • Order 13. Zygnémales
    • Class 4. Charophycées
      • Order 14. Charales

[Tome III:]

  • Chlorophytes
    • Prasinophycées
      • Pyramimonadales (= Prasinovolvocales Chadefaud)
      • Pédinomonadales
      • Halosphaerales (= Prasinococcales Chadefaud)
      • Prasinocladales
    • Chlorophycées
    • Zygophycées
    • Charophycées

Fott (1971)[edit]

Fott, B. (1971). Algenkunde. 2nd ed. VEB Fischer, Jena, 581 pp., [13], [14].

Chlorophyta

Round (1971)[edit]

Round, F.E. (1971). "The taxonomy of the Chlorophyta, 2". Brit. phycol. J. 6 (2): 235–264, [15].

Pickett-Heaps (1975)[edit]

Pickett-Heaps, J.D. (1975). Green Algae. Structure, Reproduction and Evolution in Selected Genera. Sinauer Assoc., Stamford, CT; 606 pages.

green algae

Stewart & Mattox (1975)[edit]

Stewart, K. D. & Mattox, K. R. (1975). Comparative cytology, evolution and classification of the green algae with some consideration of the origin of other organisms with chlorophylls A and B, [16].

“Green algae”

Stewart & Mattox (1978)[edit]

Stewart, K. D. & Mattox, K. R. (1978). Structural evolution in the flagellated cells of green algae and land plants. BioSystems 10 (1–2): 145–152.

Chlorophyta

A. Pascher's Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa (1978-)[edit]

From Süßwasserflora von Mitteleuropa (or Freshwater Flora of Central Europe), 2nd ed., Adolf Pascher. Some volumes not published.

[See Algae]

Ettl (1981)[edit]

Ettl, H. (1981). Die neue Klasse Chlamydophyceae, eine natürliche Gruppe der Grünalgen (Chlorophyta). Pl. Syst. Evol. 137, 107–126, [17].

Chlorophyta

Mattox & Stewart (1984)[edit]

Mattox, K. R. & Stewart, K. D. 1984. Classification of the green algae: a concept based on comparative cytology. Pp. 29‐72, In Irvine, D. E. G. & John, D. M. (eds.), The systematics of Green Algae. The Systematics Association, Special Vol. 27, Academic Press, London.

Bold & Wynne (1985)[edit]

Bold, H.C. & Wynne, M.J. (1985). Introduction to the algae: structure and reproduction (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, [18].

van den Hoek, Stam & Olsen (1988)[edit]

van den Hoek, C., Stam, W.T., and Olsen, J.L. (1988). The emergence of a new chlorophytan system, and Dr. Kornmann’s contribution thereto. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen, 42: 339–383, [19].

Chlorophyta

Melkonian in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Melkonian, M., 1990. 32. Phylum Chlorophyta: Introduction to the Chlorophyta. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 597-599. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [20].

Kingdom Protoctista

van den Hoek, Stam & Olsen (1992)[edit]

van den Hoek, C., Stam, W.T. & Olsen, J.L. (1992). The Chlorophyta: Systematics and phylogeny. In: Stabenau, H. (Ed.), Phylogenetic Changes in Peroxisomes of Algae: Phylogeny of Plant Peroxisomes. pp. 330-368. University of Oldenburg, Germany, [21].

Chlorophyta

van den Hoek, Mann and Jahns (1995)[edit]

van den Hoek, C., Mann, D. G., & Jahns, H. M. (1995): Algae. An Introduction to Phycology. 1st ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, [22].

Chlorophyta

[In a note added in proof, an alternative classification is presented for the class Chlorophyceae:]

Reviers (2002-2003)[edit]

Reviers, B. de (2002-2003). Biologie et phylogénie des algues. Tome 1, 352 p. Tome 2, 255 p. Paris: Belin.

[Note: (*) indicates divisions and classes classified as “algae” at a given time; some non-algal groups not listed]

Eukaryota

Lewis & McCourt (2004)[edit]

Lewis, Louise A. & McCourt, R. M. (2004). Green algae and the origin of land plants. Am. J. Bot. 91 (10): 1535–1556, [23].

Pombert et al. (2005)[edit]

Pombert, J.-F. et al. (2005). The Chloroplast Genome Sequence of the Green Alga... Mol. Biol. Evol. 22(9) 1903–1918, [24].

Chlorophyta

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, [25].

Eukaryota

[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]

Leliaert et al. (2012)[edit]

Leliaert, F., Smith, D.R., Moreau, H., Herron, M.D., Verbruggen, H., Delwiche, C.F. & De Clerck, O. (2012). Phylogeny and molecular evolution of the green algae. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 31: 1–46, [26].

Ruggiero et al. (2015)[edit]

Ruggiero, M.A., Gordon, D.P., Orrell, T.M., Bailly, N., Bourgoin, T., Brusca, R.C., Cavalier-Smith, T., Guiry, M. D. & Kirk, P. M. (2015). A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE 10(4): e0119248, [27].

References[edit]

  • Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2009). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway. Accessed on 2011-12-03.
  • Leliaert, F., Smith, D.R., Moreau, H., Herron, M.D., Verbruggen, H., Delwiche, C.F., & De Clerck, O. (2012) Phylogeny and molecular evolution of the green algae. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 31 (1): 1–46. PDF

Additional references[edit]

  • Broady, P.A. et al. 2012: 23. Phyla Chlorophyta and Charophyta: green algae. Pp. 347-381 in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) 2012. New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume 3. Kingdoms Bacteria, Protozoa, Chromista, Plantae, Fungi. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch, New Zealand. Reference page.  reference page 

Vernacular names[edit]

Boarisch: Greahoing
Deutsch: Grünalgen
eesti: Rohevetiktaimed
English: Green algae
español: Algas Verdes
français: Algues Vertes, Chlorophytes
한국어: 녹조식물문
italiano: Alghe Verdi, Clorofite
Lëtzebuergesch: Gréngalgen
lietuvių: Žaliadumbliai
magyar: Valódi zöldmoszatok
македонски: Зелени алги
Nederlands: Groenwieren
日本語: 緑藻植物門(緑色植物門)
norsk bokmål: grønnalger
polski: Zielenice
português: Algas Verdes, Clorófita
română: Alge verzi
русский: Зелёные водоросли
svenska: grönalger
ไทย: สาหร่ายสีเขียว
Türkçe: Yeşil algler
українська: Зелені водорості
Wikimedia Commons For images and other media, see Chlorophyta on Wikimedia Commons.