Hilfe:Allgemein Wikispecies

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This page is a translated version of the page Help:General Wikispecies and the translation is 21% complete.

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Help sections
Contents · General Wikispecies · Taxonavigation section · Name section · Reference section · Vernacular names section
Image Guidelines · Author Names & Author Pages · Project Templates · Project sources · Translation


Obwohl Wikispecies, wie Wikipedia, eines der von der Wikimedia Foundation gehosteten Projekte ist, unterscheidet es sich stark darin, wie Benutzer dazu beitragen können. Es gibt strikte Regeln, wie Inhalte formatiert werden sollen. Diese Regeln sind aufgrund des besonderen Zwecks der Wikimedia Foundation erforderlich. Der Gründer der Wikimedia Foundation, Jimbo Wales, hat eine Notiz geschrieben, die den Unterschied zwischen Wikipedia und Wikispecies bereits deutlich macht.

Die Wikimedia Foundation hostet auch ein Projekt namens Wikidata. Wikidata ist eine Datenbank für verschiedene Arten von Inhalten. Wikidata speichert zentral (und ermöglicht Benutzern die Verwaltung) von Daten aus allen Wikimedia-Projekten und erweitert die Palette der Inhalte, die mithilfe von Wiki-Prinzipien erstellt werden können, radikal.

Stellen Sie sich vor, Sie können den Inhalt einer Infobox in Wikipedia mit einem Klick bearbeiten, Sie erhalten ein Bearbeitungsformular, das sich auf die von Ihnen bearbeitete Infobox bezieht, und dass andere Wikipedias automatisch und sofort denselben Inhalt verwenden (es sei denn, dies ist für Ihr Gebietsschema spezifisch). Stellen Sie sich vor, dass einige Daten in einem Artikel automatisch im Hintergrund aktualisiert werden können, ohne dass Sie etwas dafür tun müssen - sei es die Entwicklung eines Unternehmensbestands oder die Anzahl der Codezeilen in einem Open Source-Projekt. Stellen Sie sich vor, Sie können Wiki-Datenbanken zu verschiedenen Themen durchsuchen, ohne etwas über Wikis zu wissen.

Wikispecies-Daten werden schließlich in Wikidata gespeichert.

Siehe Was Wikispecies nicht ist.

Umfang von Wikispecies

Wikispecies is describing nomenclature and taxonomy. Contributing to Wikispecies means you are familiar with these topics. Topics not related to nomenclature or taxonomy do not belong on Wikispecies, and body-length pieces of text should be included on Wikipedia instead. Distribution and range data can be included in the talk page of an article, or (eventually) in Wikidata.

Language convention

Wikispecies is language independent as much as possible. Text is mostly limited to actual data, and when text is used it is mainly for formatting purposes. The scientific convention used in nomenclature and taxonomy is Latin. Wikispecies embraces this convention and uses the Linnaean binomial nomenclature system. Latin is therefore used in taxonomy and nomenclature sections.

For markup purposes and for data descriptional purposes the English language is used, by convention of the Wikispecies project.

Because there will be only one Wikidata database for taxonomy and nomenclature, language forks of this project, and parallel taxonomy in other languages will be deleted.

Content convention

Taxonavigation section

Every taxon page on Wikispecies should contain a Taxonavigation section. This section deals with the taxonomy part of Wikispecies. This section is entirely in Latin. Use the next table for naming conventions.

Latin taxa and plurals
Taxon (singular) Taxon (plural)
Phylum Phyla
Classis Classes
Ordo Ordines
Familia Familiae
Divisio Divisiones
Cohors Cohortes
Sectio Sectiones
Tribus Tribus
Genus Genera
Species Species
Varietas Varietates
Forma Formae

To keep everything highly standardized, Wikispecies relies heavily on the use of taxo-templates.

Name section

Besides the taxonavigation a page should contain a Name section. This section contains the Latin name, the sanctioning author, and the year in which the author described and named the species. In addition, botanical names should provide the source of the protologue in abbreviated standard form. The names of authors get linked internally to author pages.

If this section describes a species or lower taxon this section should contain a type-locality and holotype section (whenever this information is available). Holotype means the first specimen on which the author based his description. Holotypes are placed in museums. Type-locality describes the place where the holotype was found.

A subsection is used for synonyms of the described taxon.

References section

The taxonavigation and name sections are worthless without providing reference material. However please do not add any citations directly to these sections; instead, the references section should provide evidence for the rest of the page. A page should contain books, magazines or internet links to articles where you found the information. If applicable use the original source first. (The original source is the place where the author described his species). When giving links to Internet sites choose English references if applicable.

Vernacular names section

This section provides links to common names in other languages, and if applicable linked to Wikipedia projects.

Sources

A list of good sources has been compiled, that can be used as reference for contributing on Wikispecies.

A good Internet reference can be recognized by a few guidelines. The reference should use:

  • Latin nomenclature
  • Sanctioning authors, and years
  • Other references or, if it is the original reference, a description of the taxon.

Formatting rules

For rules that have not been discussed on the Wikispecies help section we use the following standardized rules.

  • For Plantae and Fungi: The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna code from July 2005) [1]
  • For Animalia: The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (Fourth Edition) [2]
  • For Prokaryotes (Bacteria and Archaea): The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP, 2008 Revision, 2015 Manuscript Draft) [3], formerly the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (ICNB, 1990 Revision) [4]

What to do when needing assistance

  • Read the formatting rules provided in these help sections
  • Ask general questions in the Village Pump
  • Ask assistance from Wikispecies administrators
← Contents General Wikispecies/de Taxonavigation section →