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Taxonavigation: Papilioniformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsectio: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea
Series: Papilioniformes

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Heliconiinae
Tribus: Heliconiini
Genus: Neruda
Species: N. aoede – N. godmani – N. metharme – N. metis


Neruda Turner, 1976

Type species: Nereis aoede Hübner, 1818. by original designation.


  • Brown, K.S., 1973: The Heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part V. Three new subspecies from the Mato Grosso and Rondonia. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 13: 1-19. Full article: [1].
  • Brown, K.S., 1975: Geographical patterns in Neotropical Lepidoptera. Systematics and derivation of known and new Heliconiini (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of Entomology Series B, Taxonomy, 44 (3): 201-242. Full article: [2].
  • Lamas G., 2004: Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea - Papilionoidea
  • Moreira, G.R.P. & C.G.C. Mielke, 2010: A new species of Neruda Turner, 1976 from northeast Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae: Heliconiini). Nachrichten des Entomologische Verein Apollo N.F. 31 (1/2): 85-91.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1992: Three new Heliconius from territory of Amazonas in Venezuela and remarks other forms (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 102 (18): 321-331.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1993: Heliconius (Neruda) aoede centurius n. subsp., eune neue unterart aus Franzözisch Guayana. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 104 (18): 353-357.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1994: Heliconius (Neruda) aoede centurius n. subsp., eine neue Unterart aus Französisch-Guayana (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 104 (18): 353-368.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1997: Two new Heliconiinae from Oriental Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (11): 482-487.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 2000: Two new subspecies of Ecuadorian Heliconiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 110 (5): 141-143.