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Taxonavigation: Papilioniformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsectio: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea
Series: Papilioniformes

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamiliae (12): Apaturinae - Biblidinae - Calinaginae - Charaxinae - Cyrestinae - Danainae - Heliconiinae - Libytheinae - Limenitidinae - Morphinae - Nymphalinae - Satyrinae


Nymphalidae Rafinesque, 1815


  • Rafinesque, C.S. 1815. Analyse de la nature, ou tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés. Palerme. L'Imprimerie de Jean Barravecchia. 224 pp. reference page  PDF
  • Clarke, J.F. Gates 1971: The Lepidoptera of Rapa Island. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 56: 1-282. Full article: [1]
  • Hanafusa, H. 1998: A new subspecies of Polyura galaxia (Butler,1866) from Sawu Is., Indonesia (Lepidoptera : Nymphalidae). Futao 30: 1.
  • C.S. Rafinesque: Analyse de la nature ou tableau de l'univers et des corps organises. Jean Barravecceia, Palermo (1815).
  • Nymphalidae Systematics Group, Department of Zoology, Stockholm University, Sweden. [2]
  • Wahlberg, N.; Weingartner, E.; Nylin, S. 2003: Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 28(3): 473-484. doi: 10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00052-6 Full article (PDF) reference page 
  • Williams, M. C. 2008: Checklist of Afrotropical Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea. 7th Edn. (April 2007).

Vernacular names[edit]

dansk: Takvingefamilien
Deutsch: Edelfalter
eesti: Koerlibliklased
English: Brush-footed butterfly
español: Ninfálidos
한국어: 네발나비과
lietuvių: Pleštekės
македонски: Шарени пеперутки
日本語: タテハチョウ科
中文: 蛺蝶科
For more multimedia, look at Nymphalidae on Wikimedia Commons.