Heliconius

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Heliconius demeter
Heliconius numata

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Papilioniformes

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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Ditrysia
Sectio: Cossina
Subsectio: Bombycina
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea
Series: Papilioniformes

Familia: Nymphalidae
Subfamilia: Heliconiinae
Tribus: Heliconiini
Genus: Heliconius
Species: H. antiochus – H. astraea – H. atthis – H. besckei – H. burneyi – H. charithonia – H. clysonymus – H. congener – H. cydno – H. demeter – H. egeria – H. eleuchia – H. elevatus – H. erato – H. ethilla – H. hecale – H. hecalesia – H. hecuba – H. hermathena – H. heurippa – H. hierax – H. himera – H. hortense – H. ismenius – H. lalitae – H. leucadia – H. luciana – H. melpomene – H. nattereri – H. numata – H. pardalinus – H. peruvianus – H. ricini – H. sapho – H. sara – H. telesiphe – H. timareta – H. tristero – H. wallacei – H. xanthocles

Name[edit]

Heliconius Kluk 1780

Type species: Papilio charithonia Linnaeus, 1767

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bálint, Zs. ; C.S. Guppy ; N.G. Kondla ; K. Johnson & Ch.J. Durden, 2001: Plebeius Kluk, 1780 or Plebejus Klug, 1802? (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae). Folia Entomologica Hungarica 62: 177-184. Full article: [1].
  • Brown, K.S., 1973: The heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part V. Three new subspecies from Mato Grosso and Rondonia. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 13: 1-19.
  • Brown, K.S., 1975: The Heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Part VI. Aspects of the biology and ecology of Heliconius demeter with description of four new subspecies. Bulletin of the Allyn Museum 26: 1-19.
  • Brown, K.S., 1975: Geographical patterns in Neotropical Lepidoptera. Systematics and derivation of known and new Heliconiini (Nymphalidae: Nymphalinae). Journal of Entomology Series B, Taxonomy, 44 (3): 201-242. Full article: [2].
  • Brown, K.S., 1976: An illustrated key to the Silvaniform Heliconius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) with description of new subspecies. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 102 (3): 373-484. Full article: [3].
  • Brown, K.S. & Benson, W.W., 1975: West Colombian biogeography. Notes on Heliconius hecalesia and H. sapho (Nymphalidae). Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society, 29: 199-212. Full article: [4].
  • Brown, K.S. & H. Holzinger, 1973: The Heliconians of Brazil (Lepidoptera:Nymphalidae). Part IV. Systematics and biology of Eueides tales Cramer, with description of a new subpecies from Venezuela. Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischen Entomologen 24: 44-65. Full article: [5].
  • Brown, K.S. & F. Fernández Yepez, 1985: Los Heliconiini (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) de Venezuela. Boletín de Entomología Venezolana N.S. 3 (4): 29-76. Full article: [6].
  • Comstock, W.P. & F. M. Brown, 1950: Geographical variation and subspeciation in Heliconius charitonius Linnaeus (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae). American Museum Novitates 146: 1-21. Full article: [7].
  • Holzinger, H. & R. Holzinger, 1975: Heliconius demeter ucayalensis, eine neue Subspezies aus Peru (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Zeitschrift der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Österreichischen Entomologen 26 (1): 29-30. Full article: [8].
  • Kluk, K., (1780): Zwierzat historyi naturalney Poczatki i gospodarstwo. Vol. 4. - Warsaw, Xiezy Piiarów, [01] + 502 pp + 4 double plates. reference page 
  • Lamas, G., 1976: Notes on Peruvian butterflies (Lepidoptera). II. New Heliconius from Cusco and Madre de Dios. Revista Peruana de Entomología 19: 1-7.
  • Lamas, G., 1998: Comentarios taxonómicos y nomenclaturales sobre Heliconiini neotropicales, con designación de lectotipos y descripción de cuatro subespecies nuevas (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Heliconiinae). Revista Peruana de Entomología 24: 111-125.
  • Lamas, G., 2004: Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera; Checklist: Part 4A; Hesperioidea-Papilionoidea
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1990: A new subspecies of Heliconius demeter Staudinger from Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 100 (12): 230-232.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1990: A new Heliconius from Venezuela (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 100 (16): 310-312.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1991: Polymorphie und Systematik von Heliconius longarena Hewitson (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 101: 33-44.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1991: Heliconius egeria mariasibyllae subsp. nov. von Pará, Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Atalanta 22 (2/4): 87-92.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1992: Three new Heliconius from territory of Amazonas in Venezuela and remarks other forms (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 102 (18): 321-331.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1994: Heliconius sara williami n. subsp. von Trinidad (West Indies) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 104 (8): 141-144.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1995: Vier neue unterarten von Heliconius burneyi (Hübner, 1816). (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Atalanta 26 (1/2): 201-208.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1995: Heliconius demeter titan n. subsp., eine bemerkenswerte neue unterart aus Zentral Amazonien. (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 105 (3): 52-56.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1996: Two new subspecies of Heliconius leucadia Bates, 1862 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 106 (7): 279-283.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1997: Two new subspecies from Brazil (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (6): 217-222.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1997: Heliconius demeter neildi a new subspecies from East Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (9): 357-361.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 1997: Two new Heliconiinae from Oriental Ecuador (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 107 (11): 482-487.
  • Neukirchen, W.M., 2000: Two new subspecies of Ecuadorian Heliconiinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Entomologische Zeitschrift 110 (5): 141-143.
  • Orellana, A.M., 2006: A remarkable new subspecies of Heliconius Kluk from northeastern Venezuela (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Revista Peruana de Entomologia 45: 71-74. Full article: [9].

Vernacular names[edit]

中文: 釉蛺蝶屬