Spiranthes

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Spiranthinae
Genus: Spiranthes
Species: (37)
S. aestivalis – S. alticola – S. angustilabris – S. brevilabris – S. casei – S. cernua – S. delitescens – S. diluvialis – S. eatonii – S. elytra – S. graminea – S. hongkongensis – S. infernalis – S. lacera – S. laciniata – S. longilabris – S. lucida – S. magnicamporum – S. nebulorum – S. ochroleuca – S. odorata – S. ovalis – S. parksii – S. porrifolia – S. praecox – S. pusilla – S. romanzoffiana – S. sinensis – S. spiralis – S. stellata – S. suishanensis – S. sunii – S. sylvatica – S. torta – S. triloba – S. tuberosa – S. vernalis


Nothospecies: (5)
S. × eamesii – S. × heteroaustralis – S. × intermedia – S. × simpsonii – S. × zahlbruckneri

Name[edit]

Spiranthes Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 28 (1817), nom. cons.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Orchiastrum Ség., Pl. Veron. 3: 252 (1754)
    • Triorchis Millán, Jac. Pet. Opera: t. 68, f. 7 (1765), nom. illeg.
    • Helictonia Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 148 (1789)
    • Aristotelea Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 522 (1790)
    • Gyrostachis Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 511 (1807), nom. provis.
    • Ibidium Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 291 (1812)
    • Tussacia Raf. ex Desv., Observ. Pl. Angers: 91 (1818)
    • Gyrostachys Pers. ex Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 134 (1827)
    • Monustes Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 87 (1837)
    • Orchiastrum Micheli ex Greene, Man. Bot. San Francisco: 305 (1894)
    • Triorchis Petiver ex Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 122 (1913), orth. var.

References[edit]

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:

  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate 
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: China
      • China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, Qinghai, Tibet, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Taiwan.
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk, Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutskiya.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Chatham Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • East European Russia, Ukraine.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isle, Québec.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Masachusettes, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Isle, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Aleutian Islands, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
  • Continental: Pacific 
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia, Niue, Samoa, Tonga, Vanuatu.
  • Continental: Southern America 
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Bermuda, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: لولوبة
Deutsch: Drehwurzen
English: Ladies'-tresses
فارسی: چنبره‌ای (سرده)
suomi: Kierrevilka
hornjoserbsce: Wjertulka
italiano: Viticcini
日本語: ネジバナ
Перем Коми: Спирантес
коми: Спирантес
lietuvių: Sraigtenis
мокшень: Спирантес
кырык мары: Спирантес
Nederlands: Schroeforchis
polski: Kręczynka
русский: Спирантес
svenska: Skruvaxsläktet
удмурт: Спирантес
Tiếng Việt: Gyrostachys
中文(简体)‎: 绶草属
中文(繁體)‎: 綬草屬

For more multimedia, look at Spiranthes on Wikimedia Commons.