Spiranthes vernalis

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Spiranthes vernalis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Spiranthinae
Genus: Spiranthes
Species: Spiranthes vernalis

Name[edit]

Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & A.Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 5: 236 (1845)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Gyrostachys vernalis (Engelm. & A.Gray) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
    • Ibidium vernale (Engelm. & A.Gray) House, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 381 (1905)
    • Triorchis vernalis (Engelm. & A.Gray) House, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 6: 206 (1920)
  • Heterotypic
    • Ophrys aestivalis Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 157 (1803), nom. illeg.
    • Spiranthes ensifolia Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 221 (1856)
    • Spiranthes graminea var. praecox Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Prelim. Cat.: 52 (1888)
    • Gyrostachys ensifolia (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
    • Gyrostachys praecox (Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 663 (1891)
    • Gyrostachys reverchonii Small, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 610 (1898)
    • Spiranthes reverchonii (Small) K.Schum., Just's Bot. Jahresber. 26(1): 339 (1898)
    • Gyrostachys linearis Rydb. in N.L.Britton, Man. Fl. N. States: 300 (1901)
    • Gyrostachys xyridifolia Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 318 (1903)
    • Triorchis linearis (Rydb.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 123 (1913)
    • Triorchis xyridifolius (Small) Britton, Fl. Bermuda: 90 (1918)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Northern America
    • Eastern Canada
      • Québec.
    • North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma.
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Islands, West Virginia.
    • South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
    • Mexico
      • Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast.
  • Southern America

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: لولوبة ربيعية
English: Spring lady's tresses


For more multimedia, look at Spiranthes vernalis on Wikimedia Commons.