Spiranthes spiralis

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Spiranthes spiralis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Spiranthinae
Genus: Spiranthes
Species: Spiranthes spiralis

Name[edit]

Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall., Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 2: 330 (1827)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Ophrys spiralis L., Sp. Pl.: 945 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Epipactis spiralis (L.) Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 473 (1769)
    • Serapias spiralis (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 201 (1772)
    • Neottia spiralis (L.) Sw., Neues J. Bot. 1: 51 (1805)
    • Ibidium spirale (L.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 291 (1812)
    • Gyrostachys spiralis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 664 (1891)
  • Heterotypic
    • Ophrys autumnalis Balb., Elenco: 96 (1801)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis (Balb.) Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 37 (1817)
    • Tussacia autumnalis (Balb.) Desv., Observ. Pl. Angers: 91 (1818)
    • Neottia autumnalis (Balb.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 2: 551 (1821)
    • Gyrostachys autumnalis (Balb.) Dumort., Fl. Belg.: 134 (1827)
    • Spiranthes glauca Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 88 (1837)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis var. parviflora Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 650 (1866)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis f. oycoviensis Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 229 (1906)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis f. bracteata E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid. 1: 390 (1908)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis var. major Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 212 (1912)
    • Spiranthes autumnalis f. parviflora Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 109 (1928)

Homonym[edit]

References[edit]

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate 
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Nepal, West Himalaya.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Ukraine.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Herbst-Drehwurz
English: Autumn Lady's-tresses
español: Espirante de otoño
français: Spiranthe d'automne
hornjoserbsce: Nazymska wjertulka
italiano: Viticcini autunnali
Nederlands: Herfstschroeforchis
polski: Kręczynka jesienna

For more multimedia, look at Spiranthes spiralis on Wikimedia Commons.