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Classification System: APG III

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordines: Acorales - Alismatales - Asparagales - Dioscoreales - Liliales - Pandanales - Petrosaviales
Cladus: Commelinids


monocots [ APG III ]


  • Liliopsida Batsch (1802)
  • Monocotyledonae
  • Monocotyledoneae DC. (1817)
  • Monocotyledones


  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (4): 531–553. pdf file
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 399–436. doi: 10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2009. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161(2): 105–121. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Cantino, P.D., Doyle, J.A., Graham, S.W., Judd, W.S., Olmstead, R.G., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S. & Donoghue, M.J. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56(3): E1–E44.
  • Chase, M.W., Stevenson, D.W., Wilkin, P. & Rudall, P.J. 1995. Monocot systematics: A combined analysis. pages 685-730 in Rudall, P. J.; Cribb, P.J.; Cutler, D.F.; & Humphries, C.J. (eds.). Monocotyledons: Systematics and evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Garden, Kew).
  • Chase, M.W. 2004. Monocot relationships: an overview. American Journal of Botany 91(10): 1645–1655.
  • Chase, M.W., & Reveal, J.L. 2009. A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 122-127. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x reference page 
  • Chase, M.W., Soltis D.E., Soltis, P.S., Rudall, P.J., Fay, M.F., Hahn, W.J., Sullivan, S., Joseph, J., Molvray, M., Kores, P.J., Givnish, T.J., Sytsma, K.J. & Pires, J.C. 2000. Higher-level systematics of the monocotyledons: An assessment of current knowledge and a new classification. pages 3-16 in Wilson, K. L. & Morrison, D. A. (eds.) Monocots: Systematics and Evolution. (CSIRO, Melbourne).
  • Dahlgren, R.M.T. & Clifford, H T. 1982. The Monocotyledons: A Comparative Study. (New York: Academic Press).
  • Dahlgren, R.M.T., Clifford, H.T. & Yeo, P. F. 1985. The Families of the Monocotyledons. (Berlin: Springer-Verlag).
  • Dahlgren, R.M.T. & Rassmussen, F. 1983. Monocotyledon evolution. Characters and phylolgenetic estimation. Evolutionary Biology 16: 255-395.
  • Davis, J.I., Stevenson, D.W., Petersen, G., Seberg, O., Campbell, L.M., Freudenstein, J.V., Goldman, D.H., Hardy, C.R., Michelangeli, F.A., Simmons, M.P., Specht, C.D., Vergara-Silva, F. & Gandolfo, M. 2004. A Phylogeny of the Monocots, as Inferred from rbcL and atpA Sequence Variation, and a Comparison of Methods for Calculating Jackknife and Bootstrap Values. Systematic Botany 29(3): 467–510.
  • Duvall, M.W., Clegg, M.T., Chase, M.W., Clark, W.D., Kress, W.J., Hills, H.G., Eguiarte, L.E., Smith, J.F., Gaut, B.S., Zimmer, E.A. & Learn, G.H., Jr. 1993. Phylogenetic hypotheses for the monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80: 607-619.
  • Herendeen, P.S. & Crane, P.R. 1995 .The fossil history of the monocotyledons. pages 1-21 in Rudall, P., Cribb, P.J., Cutler, D.F. & Humphries, C.J. (eds.) Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew).
  • Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, July 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. (web site)
  • Trias-Blasi, A., Baker, W.J., Haigh, A.L., Simpson, D.A., Weber, O. & Wilkin, P. 2015. A genus-level phylogenetic linear sequence of monocots. Taxon 64(3): 552-581. doi: 10.12705/643.9. PDF available online from ResearchGate reference page 


  • Liliopsida Report on ITIS (Following Cronquist classification)
  • NCBI link: Liliopsida (Following APG II classification)
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, University of Oxford, Natural History Museum, Natural Environment Research Council, UK (2012) eMonocot Home Page

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Jednoděložné
Deutsch: Einkeimblättrige
eesti: Üheidulehelised
English: Monocots
français: Monocotylédone
hrvatski: Jednosupnice
italiano: Monocotiledoni
עברית: חד-פסיגיים
македонски: Монокотиледони
Nederlands: Eenzaadlobbigen
日本語: 単子葉類, 単子葉植物
norsk bokmål: Enfrøbladede planter, enfrøbladinger
norsk nynorsk: Einfrøblada plantar, einfrøbladingar
polski: Jednoliścienne
русский: Однодольные
suomi: Yksisirkkaiset
svenska: Monokotyledoner, enhjärtbladiga växter
Tiếng Việt: Thực vật một lá mầm
Türkçe: Bir çenekliler
中文: 單子葉植物
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Monocots on Wikimedia Commons.