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Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

Main Page
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordines: Acorales - Alismatales - Asparagales - Dioscoreales - Liliales - Pandanales - Petrosaviales
Cladus: Commelinids


monocots [ APG III ]


  • Liliopsida Batsch (1802)
  • Monocotyledonae
  • Monocotyledoneae DC. (1817)
  • Monocotyledones


  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998) An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (4): 531–553. pdf file
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141 (4): 399-436. doi: 10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105-121. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards) Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, June 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. (web site)
  • Cantino, Philip D.; Doyle, James A.; Graham, Sean W.; Judd, Walter S.: Olmstead, Richard G.; Soltis, Douglas E.; Soltis, Pamela S.; & Donoghue, Michael J. (2007) "Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta". Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.
  • Chase, M. W.; Stevenson, D. W.; Wilkin, P.; & Rudall, P. J. (1995) Monocot systematics: A combined analysis. pages 685-730 in Rudall, P. J.; Cribb, P. J.; Cutler, D. F.; & Humphries, C. J. (eds.). Monocotyledons: Systematics and evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Garden, Kew).
  • Chase, Mark W. (2004) Monocot relationships: an overview. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1645–1655.
  • Chase, M. W.; Soltis D. E.; Soltis, P. S.; Rudall, P. J.; Fay, M. F.; Hahn, W. J.; Sullivan, S.; Joseph, J.; Molvray, M.; Kores, P. J.; Givnish, T. J.; Sytsma, K. J.; & Pires, J. C. (2000) Higher-level systematics of the monocotyledons: An assessment of current knowledge and a new classification. pages 3-16 in Wilson, K. L. & Morrison, D. A. (eds.) Monocots: Systematics and Evolution. (CSIRO, Melbourne).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T. & Clifford, H. T. (1982) The Monocotyledons: A Comparative Study. (New York: Academic Press).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T.; Clifford, H. T.; & Yeo, P. F. (1985) The Families of the Monocotyledons. (Berlin: Springer-Verlag).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T. & Rassmussen, F. (1983) Monocotyledon evolution. Characters and phylolgenetic estimation. Evol. Biol. 16: 255-395.
  • Davis, Jerrold I.; Stevenson, Dennis W.; Petersen, Gitte; Seberg, Ole; Campbell, Lisa M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Goldman, Douglas H.; Hardy, Christopher R.; Michelangeli, Fabian A.; Simmons, Mark P.; Specht, Chelsea D.; Vergara-Silva, Francisco; & Gandolfo, Maria (2004) A Phylogeny of the Monocots, as Inferred from rbcL and atpA Sequence Variation, and a Comparison of Methods for Calculating Jackknife and Bootstrap Values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467–510.
  • Duvall, M.W.; Clegg, M. T.; Chase, M. W.; Clark, W. D.; Kress, W. J.; Hills, H. G.; Eguiarte, L. E.; Smith, J. F.; Gaut, B. S.; Zimmer, E. A.; Learn, G. H., Jr. (1993) Phylogenetic hypotheses for the monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80: 607-619.
  • Herendeen, P. S. & Crane, P. R. (1995) The fossil history of the monocotyledons. pages 1-21 in Rudall, P.; Cribb, P. J.; Cutler, D. F.; & Humphries, C. J. (eds.) Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew).
  • Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., Paglinawan L., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Decock W., De Wever A., Didžiulis V., eds. (2014) Liliopsida in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 17th March 2014. Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. (Following Cronquist classification)
  • NCBI link: Liliopsida (Following APG II classification)
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, University of Oxford, Natural History Museum, Natural Environment Research Council, UK (2012) eMonocot Home Page

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Jednoděložné
Deutsch: Einkeimblättrige
English: Monocots
français: Monocotylédone
hrvatski: Jednosupnice
italiano: Monocotiledoni
עברית: חד-פסיגיים
македонски: Монокотиледони
Nederlands: Eenzaadlobbigen
日本語: 単子葉類, 単子葉植物
norsk bokmål: Enfrøbladede planter, enfrøbladinger
norsk nynorsk: Einfrøblada plantar, einfrøbladingar
polski: Jednoliścienne
русский: Однодольные
suomi: Yksisirkkaiset
svenska: Monokotyledoner, enhjärtbladiga växter
Tiếng Việt: Thực vật một lá mầm
Türkçe: Bir çenekliler
中文: 單子葉植物
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Monocots on Wikimedia Commons.