Solanum scabrum

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Solanum scabrum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Solanum
Sectio: S. sect. Solanum
Species: Solanum scabrum

Name[edit]

Solanum scabrum Mill. (1768:6 s.v. "Solanum")

  • Lectotype: Herb. Miller s.n. (BM000847083, BM)
    • Designated by Henderson (1974:61).
  • Type locality: Cultivated in Chelsea Physic Garden

Synonyms[edit]

(After Särkinen et al., 2018)

Homotypic
  • Solanum pterocaulum Dunal (1813:153, "pterocaulon"), nom. illeg. superfl. pro Solanum scabrum Mill.
  • Solanum nigrum var. pterocaulum (Dunal) Schur} (1866:478, "pterocaulon")
Heterotypic
  • Solanum nigrum var. guineense L. (1753:186)
  • Solanum guineense (L.) Mill. (1768:7 s.v. "Solanum") nom. illeg. non Solanum guineenseL.
  • Solanum boerhaavii Thell. (1927:187), nom nov. pro Solanum guineense (L.) Mill.
  • Solanum intrusum Soria (1959:33), nom. nov. superfl. pro S. boerhaavii Thell.
    • Lectotype: "Solanum guineense fructu magno instar cerasi nigerrimo umbellato" in Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: 366, t. 274, f. 354. 1732.
      • Designated by Edmonds (1979:224)
    • Type locality: cultivated in England, at James Sherard's garden in Eltham
  • Solanum melanocerasum All. (1774:64)
    • Lectotype: Herb. Dillenius 336 (Dill. HE-274-234, OXF)
      • Designated by Edmonds (2012:129)
    • Type locality: cultivated in England, at James Sherard's garden in Eltham
  • Solanum triangulare Lam. (1794:18)
  • Solanum quadrangulare var. triangulare (Lam.) Pers. (1805:225)
    • Lectotype: Herb. Lamarck s.n. (P00357626, P)
      • Designated by D'Arcy (1974:735)
    • Type locality: "Ex Ind. Orient"
  • Solanum melanocerasum Willd. (1809:237) nom. illeg. non S. melanocerasum All. (1773)
  • Solanum nigrum var. melanocerasum (Willd.) Dunal (1816:12)
    • Neotype: Herb. Lamarck s.n. (BW04368010, B-W)
      • Designated by Särkinen (2018).
    • Type locality: Cultivated at the Berlin Botanical Garden, from "Europa australi"
  • Solanum fistulosum Dunal (1814:749)
    • Lectotype: Herb. Richard s.n. (P00335259, P)
      • Designated by D'Arcy (1974:735)
    • Type locality: "Isle de France" [Mauritius]
  • Solanum memphiticum Mart. (1814:63), nom. illeg. non Solanum memphiticum J.F.Gmel.
    • Type: no material cited or located, possibly at ER (Särkinen et al., 2018)
    • Type locality: Cultivated in Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany, origins not known (no specimens cited; no original material located, possibly at ER?).
  • Solanum nitens Opiz (1843:xxi)
    • Type: P.M. Opiz 10/840 (probably PR, Särkinen et al.)
    • Type locality: Czech Republic. Prague, "in Semubackern por dem Reuthore Prag"
  • Solanum oleraceum var. macrocarpum Dunal (1852:50)
    • Lectotype: C.F.P. Martius 1255 (G00144295, G-DC)
    • Isolectotype: P (P00366815)
      • Designated by Edmonds (1972:108)
    • Type locality: Brazil. Bahia: Ilheus, 1841
  • Solanum tinctorium Welw. (1859:590)
    • Lectotype: F.M.J. Welwitsch 6103 (BM000942995, BM)
    • Isolectotypes: BM (BM000942996(, K (K001029777)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Angola. Golungo Alto, 1856
  • Solanum scabrum subsp. laevis Olet, Novon 16(4): 510. 2006.
    • Holotype: E.A. Olet 88 (MHU)
    • Isootypes: H, K, MO
    • Type locality: Uganda. Buganda: Kampala district, Kawempe div., Kawempe North, Kalerwe, Tula road, 1220 m, 14 Feb 2001

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: garden huckleberry, African nightshade
français: Morelle scabre
Kiswahili: Mnavu
svenska: bärskatta, sträv nattskatta
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Solanum scabrum on Wikimedia Commons.