Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

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Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck (1 August 1744 – 18 December 1829), French botanist and professor of zoology – more precisely invertebrate zoology, however that term did not then yet exist. At the end of his studies he gave the first clear distinction between invertebrates and vertebrates, and presented one of the most significant concepts in natural history: "all animals are connected in a series from the lowest to the highest, the latter of which is man" [Damkaer]. He was one of the earliest evolutionary theorists, claiming that responses to environmental demands acquired during one's lifetime could be passed directly to one's offspring. (A theory often named "heritability of acquired characteristics", "soft inheritance", or Lamarckism. It is now a discredited mechanism for evolutionary change.)

Author abbreviation: Lam.

Taxon names authored

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  • Lamarck, J-B. & Poiret, J.L.M. 1783-1808. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique. Paris, Liège : Panckoucke, Plomteux. doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.824
  • Lamarck, J.-B. (ed.) 1797–1798. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique. Tome 4. 764 pp. H. Agasse, Paris. BHL. Reference page. 
  • Lamarck, J.-B. & Poiret, J.L.M. 1804–1805. Encyclopédie Méthodique. Botanique. Tome 6. 786 pp. H. Agasse, Paris. BHL. Reference page. 
  • Lamarck, J.-B. 1809. Philosophie zoologique, ou Exposition des considérations relatives à l’histoire naturelle des animaux…, Paris.
  • Lamarck, J.-B. 1801. Systeme des Animaux sans Vertèbres, ou Tableau général des classes, des orders at des genres de ces animaux. Paris: Detreville, viii + 432pp.
  • Lamarck, J-B. 1802: Memoire sur la Tubicinelle. Annales du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 1: 461–464. BHL reference page 
  • Lamarck, J.B. de 1815. Suite et fin des polypiers corticiferes. Mémoires du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle Paris 2: 227–240.
  • Lamarck, J.-B. 1815–1822. Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres, présentant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux…, Tome 1 (1815): 1–462; Tome 2 (1816): 1–568; Tome 3 (1816): 1–586; Tome 4 (1817): 1–603; Tome 5 (1818): 1–612; Tome 6, Pt.1 (1819): 1–343; Tome 6, Pt.2 (1822): 1–252; Tome 7 (1822): 1–711.


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