Cephalanthera longifolia

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Cephalanthera longifolia

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Neottieae
Genus: Cephalanthera
Species: Cephalanthera longifolia

Name[edit]

Cephalanthera longifolia (L.) Fritsch, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 38: 81 (1888)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Serapias helleborine var. longifolia L., Sp. Pl.: 950 (1753)
  • Homotypic
    • Serapias grandiflora L., Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2: 594 (1767), nom. illeg.
    • Serapias longifolia (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2, 2: 202 (1772), nom. illeg.
    • Serapias lonchophyllum L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 405 (1782), nom. illeg.
    • Serapias xiphophyllum Ehrh. ex L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 404 (1782)
    • Serapias nivea Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 52 (1787), nom. illeg.
    • Epipactis grandiflora (L.) Sm., Engl. Bot.: 271 (1795)
    • Cymbidium xiphophyllum (Ehrh. ex L.f.) Sw., J. Bot. (Schrader) 2: 226 (1799)
    • Epipactis pallens Sw., Neues J. Bot. 1: 65 (1805), nom. illeg.
    • Epipactis xiphophylla (Ehrh. ex L.f.) Sw., Neues J. Bot. 1: 65 (1805)
    • Serapias pallida Wahlenb., Fl. Carpat. Princ.: 291 (1814)
    • Cephalanthera pallens Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 38 (1817)
    • Cephalanthera grandiflora Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 210 (1821), nom. illeg.
    • Cephalanthera lonchophylla Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: t. 119 (1851), nom. illeg.
    • Cephalanthera xiphophyllum Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 135 (1851), nom. illeg.
    • Limodorum grandiflorum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891), nom. illeg.
    • Limodorum longifolium (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891), nom. illeg.
    • Cephalanthera longifolia f. angustifolia Maire & Weiller in R.C.J.Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 359 (1959), nom. illeg.
  • Heterotypic
    • Serapias grandiflora var. ensifolia L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 404 (1782)
    • Serapias ensifolia (L.f.) Murray, Syst. Veg. ed. 14: 815 (1784)
    • Epipactis grandifolia All., Fl. Pedem. 2: 152 (1785)
    • Epipactis ensifolia F.W.Schmidt, Samml. Phys.-Ökon. Aufs. 1: 251 (1795)
    • Epipactis pallida Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 232 (1800)
    • Cephalanthera ensifolia Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 38 (1817), nom. illeg.
    • Cephalanthera acuminata Wall. ex Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 412 (1840)
    • Cephalanthera maravignae Tineo in G.Gussone, Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 877 (1844)
    • Cephalanthera thomsonii Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 54 (1876)
    • Cephalanthera ensifolia var. maravignae (Tineo) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 687 (1882)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia var. gibbosa Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 85 (1882)
    • Cephalanthera angustifolia Simonk., Enum. Fl. Transsilv.: 505 (1887)
    • Limodorum acuminatum (Wall. ex Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891)
    • Epipactis longifolia var. longibracteata Harz in D.F.L.von Schlechtendal, Fl. Deutschl. ed. 5, 4: 330 (1896)
    • Epipactis longifolia var. pilosa Harz in D.F.L.von Schlechtendal, Fl. Deutschl. ed. 5, 4: 330 (1896)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia f. longibracteata (Harz) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 877 (1907)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia f. pumila Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 876 (1907)
    • Epipactis longifolia var. gibbosa (Boiss.) W.Zimm., Form. Orch. Deut.: 81 (1912)
    • Cephalanthera xiphophyllum var. latifolia Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 5: 239 (1914)
    • Cephalanthera mairei Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 4: 58 (1919)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia f. pilosa (Harz) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 114 (1928)
    • Cephalanthera ensifolia var. cesari-gonzalezii Rivas Goday & Bellot, Anales Jard. Bot. Madrid 6: 191 (1948)
    • Cephalanthera ensifolia var. acuminata (Wall. ex Lindl.) Tang & F.T.Wang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 1: 67 (1951)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia f. latifolia (Maire) Maire & Weiller in R.C.J.Maire, Fl. Afr. Nord 6: 359 (1959)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia var. latifolia (Maire) D.Rivera & Lopez Velez, Orquíd. Prov. Albacete: 55 (1987)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia var. rosea Perko, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 19: 9 (2002)
    • Cephalanthera conferta (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) Kreutz, Eurorchis 17: 104 (2005)
    • Cephalanthera longifolia subsp. conferta B.Baumann & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37: 249 (2005)

References[edit]

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:

  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: China
      • China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Siberia
      • West Siberia.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States, Belarus, Central European Russia, East European Russia, Krym, South European Russia, Ukraine.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

azərbaycanca: Uzunyarpaq tozbaş səhləb
беларуская: Пылкагалоўнік даўгалісты
български: Дълголистен главопрашник
Deutsch: Langblättriges Waldvöglein
English: Sword-leaved helleborine
eesti: Valge tolmpea
suomi: Miekkavalkku
français: Céphalanthère à feuilles étroites
עברית: סחלבן החורש
hornjoserbsce: Mječikojta ptačulinka
magyar: kardos madársisak
italiano: Cefalantera maggiore
lietuvių: Kardalapis garbenis
latviešu: Garlapu cefalantēra
norsk bokmål: Hvit skogfrue
Nederlands: Wit bosvogeltje
norsk nynorsk: Kvit ogfrue
polski: Buławnik mieczolistny
русский: Булатка длиннолистная
svenska: Vit skogslilja


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