Cephalanthera

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Neottieae
Genus: Cephalanthera
Species: (19)
C. austiniae – C. calcarata – C. caucasica – C. cucullata – C. damasonium – C. epipactoides – C. erecta – C. ericiflora – C. exigua – C. falcata – C. gracilis – C. humilis – C. kotschyana – C. kurdica – C. longibracteata – C. longifolia – C. nanchuanica – C. pusilla – C. rubra


Nothospecies: (6)
C. × mayeri – C. × otto-hechtii – C. × renzii – C. × schaberi – C. × schulzei – C. × taubenheimii

Name[edit]

Cephalanthera Rich., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 4: 51 (1818)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Callithronum Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 148 (1789)
    • Lonchophyllum Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 148 (1789)
    • Dorycheile Rchb., Deut. Bot. Herb.-Buch: 56 (1841)
    • Xiphophyllum Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk. 4: 148 (1879)
    • Eburophyton A.Heller, Muhlenbergia 1: 48 (1904)
    • Tangtsinia S.C.Chen, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 10: 194 (1965)

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Siberia
      • West Siberia.
    • Russian Far East
      • Kuril Islands, Primorye, Sakhalin.
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
    • China
      • China South-Central, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Taiwan.
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Indo-China
      • Laos, Myanmar, Thailand.
  • Northern America
    • Western Canada
      • British Columbia.
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Idaho, Oregon, Washington,
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.

References: Brummitt, R.K. (2001) TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Xiang, X.-G. et al. 2012: Phylogenetic placement of the enigmatic orchid genera Thaia and Tangtsinia: Evidence from molecular and morphological characters. Taxon, 61(1): 45-54. ingentaconnect reference page 

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

башҡортса: Ойошһеркә
беларуская: Пылкагалоўнік
čeština: okrotice
Deutsch: Waldvöglein
فارسی: گلسر
suomi: Valkut
français: Céphalanthère
hornjoserbsce: Ptačulinka
magyar: Madársisak
հայերեն: Եղբորոսին
italiano: Cefalantera
日本語: キンラン属
Перем Коми: Цефалантера
коми: Цефалантера
lietuvių: Garbenis
мокшень: Цефалантера
олык марий: Цефалантера
кырык мары: Цефалантера
Nederlands: Bosvogeltje
polski: Buławnik
русский: Пыльцеголовник
slovenčina: prilbovka
svenska: Skogsliljor
удмурт: Цефалантера
українська: Булатка
中文: 頭蕊蘭屬


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