Solanum crispum

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Solanum crispum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Solanum
Sectio: S. sect. Dulcamara
Species: Solanum crispum

Name[edit]

Solanum crispum Ruíz & Pav. (1799:31)

  • Lectotype: H. Ruiz & J. Pavón s.n. (MA-747012, MA)
  • Isolectotype: MA (MA-747101)
    • Designated by Knapp (2008:312)
  • Type location: Chile. Región VIII (Bío-Bío): Concepción: "in Chile ruderatis copiosé in Conceptionis urbis sepibus, et ad Carcamo et Palomares tractus".

Synonyms[edit]

(After Knapp, 2013, with bibliographical corrections; Dashed numbers are accession numbers, nondashed numbers are barcode numbers.)

Homotypic
  • Witheringia crispa (Ruíz & Pav.) J.Rémy (in Gay, 1849: 66)
Heterotypic
  • Solanum ligustrinum Lodd. (1833:1963)
  • Solanum crispum var. ligustrinum (Lodd.) Dunal (1852:92)
    • Lectotype: Loddiges, 1833, Bot. Cab. Pl. 1963.
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: "Chile", Cultivated in England.
  • Solanum concavum Lindl.(1842:57)
    • Lectotype: H. Cuming 263 (CGE)
    • Isolectotypes: BM (BM000935822), E (E00057570), GH (GH00077603), K (K000585719)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: "Chile", Cultivated in England.
  • Solanum laetum Kunze, (1842:315)
    • Type: No specimen known (Knapp, 2013)
    • Type location: Cultivated in Leipzig, 1837.
  • Solanum syringifolium Kunth & C.D.Bouché (1845:10, "syringaefolium")
  • Solanum congestiflorum var. syringifolium (Kunth & Bouché) Reiche (1908:721)
    • Holotype (destroyed): T.C. Bridges s.n. (B, F neg. 2746)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: "Chile", Cultivated in England.
  • Witheringia berteroana J.Rémy (in Gay, 1849: 65, "berterianum")
  • Solanum berteroanum (J.Rémy) Phil. (1895:8) nom. illeg. non S. berteroanum Dunal (=Lycianthes fugax (Jacq.) Bitter)
  • Solanum tagua Kuntze (1898:226), nom nov. pro S. berteroanum.
    • Lectotype: C.G.L. Bertero s.n. (P00324728, P)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: "Chile. Tagua-Tagua".
  • Witheringia gayana J.Rémy (in Gay, 1849: 67)
  • Solanum gayanum (J.Rémy) F.Phil. (1881:272)
    • Lectotype: C. Gay s.n. (P00335390, P)
    • Isolectotypes: K (K000585718)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: "Chile".
  • Witheringia tomatillo J.Rémy (in Gay, 1849: 64)
  • Solanum tomatillo (J.Rémy) F.Phil. (1881:273)
    • Lectotype: C. Gay s.n. (P00325721, P)
    • Isolectotypes: K (K000585722)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: "Chile".
  • Solanum angustifolium Lam. var. brevifolium Dunal (1852:90), S. angustifolium Lam. = S. amygdalifolium Steud.
    • Holotype: E. Poeppig 74 (G00144942, G-DC; Morton neg. 8402, IDC microfiche 800-61.2068:II.7)
      • Knapp (2013) adds "diar. n. 34" as an emendation.
    • Isotypes: BM (BM000935826), LE, P (P00319643, Morton neg. 8145)
    • Type location: "Chile".
  • Solanum congestiflorum Dunal (1852:92)
    • Lectotype: C.G.L. Bertero 634 (P00325722, P)
    • Isolectotypes: MO (MO-3461608)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. "Aviluco".
  • Solanum congestiflorum var. longifolium Dunal (1852:92)
    • Lectotype: C. Gay herb. 3e envoi 211 (P00325724, P)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Los Lagos Región: "in Chile australis provincia Valdivia".
  • Solanum crispum var. elaeagnifolium Dunal (1852:92)
    • Lectotype: C.G.L. Bertero 640 (G00144948, G-DC; Morton neg. 8406)
    • Isolectotypes: P (P00325727, Morton neg. 8175)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Liberador Región: Prov. O'Higgins, "circa Rancagua", 1833.
  • Solanum pyrrhocarpum Phil. (1862:383)
    • Lectotype: s.c. s.n. (SGO-55460, barcode SGO000004551, SGO)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Bío-Bío Región: Prov. Ñuble, Chillan.
  • Solanum sadae Phil. (1864:203)
    • Lectotype: s.c. s.n. (SGO-55450, barcode SGO000004595, SGO)
    • Isolectotypes: E
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Región VI (O’Higgins): Colchagua.
  • Solanum landbeckii Phil. (1864:204)
    • Lectotype: C.L. Landbeck s.n. (SGO)
    • Isolectotypes: E
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Región VI (O’Higgins): Colchagua.
  • Solanum izquierdii Phil. (1873:522, "izquierdi")
    • Lectotype: V. Izquierdo s.n. (SGO-55455, barcode SGO000004573, SGO)
    • Isolectotypes: K (K000585727)
      • Designated by Knapp (1989:74).
    • Type location: Chile. Región Metropolitana: Prov. Santiago, Aculeo (ca. 33°50'S, 70°55'W).
      • This is actually in Maipo Province, not Santiago Province.
  • Solanum pugae Phil. (1895:7)
    • Holotype: F. Puga s.n. (SGO?, not located; Knapp, 2013)
    • Type location: Chile. Bío-Bío Región: Prov. Ñuble, Cerro Centinela.
  • Solanum pannosum Phil. (1895:9)
  • Solanum congestiflorum var. pannosum (Phil.) Reiche (1908:722)
    • Holotype: M. Vidal s.n. (SGO?, not located; Knapp, 2013)
    • Isotype: W (W-1908-10271)
    • Type location: Chile. Maule Región: Prov. Curicó, Los Maquis, ca. 35°43'S, 70°47'W.

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

(Knapp, 2013)

English: Chilean Potato Vine, Chilean Nightshade Chilean
español: natre, natri, natrien, tomatilla, tomatillo
svenska: Chilensk stjärnsöta

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Solanum crispum on Wikimedia Commons.