Solanum chenopodioides

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Solanum chenopodioides

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Solanum
Sectio: S. sect. Solanum
Species: Solanum chenopodioides

Name[edit]

Solanum chenopodioides Lam. (1794:18)

  • Lectotype: Herb. lamarck s.n. (P00357629, P)
    • Designated by Barboza et al. (2013:242)
  • Type locality: Mauritius. "Ex ins. Mauritiana"

Synonyms[edit]

(After Särkinen et al., 2018)

Homotypic
  • Witheringia chenopodioides (Lam.) J.Rémy (1849:69)
Heterotypic
  • Solanum sublobatum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult. (1819:664)
    • Lectotype: Herb. Willdenow 4336 [probably P. Commerson] (B-W04336-01-0, b)
      • Designated by Edmonds (1972:105)
    • Type locality: Argentina. Buenos Aires
  • Solanum besseri Weinm. (in Roemer & Shultes, 1819:593)
    • Neotype: s.c. s.n. (G00144198, G-DC)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: "In America"
  • Solanum subspatulatum Sendtn. (1846:45)
    • Holotype: F. Sellow s.n. (B, destroyed; F neg. 3183)
    • Lectotype: P (P00384051)
    • Isolectotype: F (fragment)
      • Designated by D'arcy (1974a:735)
    • Type locality: Brazil
  • Solanum isabellei Dunal (1852:153)
    • Lectotype: A. Isabelle s.n. (G00145645, G-DC)
    • Isolectotype: F (V0073298F, acc. # 680251; V0073299F, acc. # 680253), K (K000585686), P (P00384071), W (1889-115034)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Uruguay. Montevideo, "Lat. aust. 34°45’08”"
  • Solanum chenopodifolium Dunal (1852:44)
    • Lectotype: P. Commerson s.n. (P00384081, P)
      • Designated by Edmonds (1972:108), second-step in Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Argentina/Uruguay. "Buenos Aires et Montevideo"
  • Solanum gracile Dunal (1852:54) nom. illeg. non Solanum gracile Sendtn. (1846; ≟ S. suaveolens)
  • Solanum gracilius Herter (1943:226) nom. nov. pro S. gracile
  • Solanum ottonis Hyl. (1945:279) nom. nov. illeg. pro S. gracile Dunal, non S. gracilius Herter
    • Lectotype: C. Gaudichaud 520 (G00144391, G-DC)
    • Isolectotype: G (G00343457), P (P00384052, P00384053)
      • Designated by Henderson (1974:46)
    • Type locality: Brazil. Rio de Janeiro
  • Solanum gracile var. microphyllum Dunal (1852:54)
    • Lectotype: P. Commerson s.n. (P00384061, P, Morton neg. 8207)
    • Isolectotype: F? (V0073283F, acc. # 976485, fragment only)
      • Designated by Morton (1976:151)
    • Type locality: Argentina/Uruguay. "Circa Buenos Ayres et Montevideo"
  • Solanum nodiflorum var. microphyllum Hassl. (1911:118, S. nodiflorum = S. americanum)
    • Holotype: É. Hassler 10271 (G?, Morton photo 8612)
    • Type locality: Paraguay. Estrella: Mar
  • Solanum vile Bitter (1912:221)
    • Lectotype: E. Ule 4310 (CORD00004277, CORD)
    • Isolectotype: HBG (HBG511507)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Brazil. Rio de Janeiro: Restinga do Harpoador
  • Solanum americanum var. baylisii D’Arcy (1974b:837)
    • Holotype: Momson s.n. (OTA-00419, OTA)
    • Type locality: New Zealand. Cultivated
Excluded names
  • Solanum crenatodentatum var. ramosissimum Dunal (1852:54)
    • In the interval between Särkinen et al. (2018) and Knapp et al. (2019), the authors came to believe this name belonged to the synonymy of S. nigrescens. The name is mistakenly listed under the synonymy of both species in

Knapp et al. (2019) due to the reuse of the unaltered synonymy from Särkinen et al. (2018).

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: nastergal
English: whitetip nightshade , velvety nightshade, tall nightshade
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Solanum chenopodioides on Wikimedia Commons.