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Rhinanthus glacialis


Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Orobanchaceae
Tribus: Rhinantheae
Genera: Bartsia – Bellardia – Euphrasia – Hedbergia – Lathraea – Leptorhabdos – Melampyrum – Neobartsia – Nothobartsia – Odontitella – Odontites – Omphalotrix – Parentucellia – Pseudobartsia – Pterygiella – Rhinanthus – Rhynchocorys – Tozzia


Rhinantheae Lam. & DC., Syn. Pl. Fl. Gall.: 208 (1806).



  • Reveal et al. 2011. Indices Nominum Supragenericorum Plantarum Vascularium. Available on line. Rhinantheae. Accessed 12 Feb. 2014.
  • Lu, L., H. Wang, H., Blackmore, S., Li, D.Z. & Dong, L.N. 2007. Pollen morphology of the tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) and its systematic significances. Plant Systematics and Evolution 268(1–4): 177–198.
  • Tesitel, J., Ríha, O., Svobodová, S., Malinová, T. & Stech, M. 2010. Phylogeny, life history, evolution and biogeography of the rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae. Folia Geobotanica 45: 347–367. Elements of this paper and other information regarding rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae are available on line at: Tesitel, J. (2011), PhD Thesis.. Accessed 15 Feb. 2014.
  • Scheunert, A., Fleischmann, A., Olano-Marin, C., Bräuchler, C. & Heubl, G. 2012. Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts. Taxon 61(6): 1269–1285. DOI: 10.1002/tax.616008 Paywall. JSTOR Paywall. ResearchGate Open access. Reference page.  (Fleischmann, A. & Heubl, G.: Generic circumscription, !1281)
  • McNeal, J.R., Bennett, J.R., Wolfe, A.D., & Mathews, S. 2013. Phylogeny and origins of holoparasitism in Orobanchaceae. American Journal of Botany 100(5): 971–983. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1200448 Full text PDF
  • Pinto-Carrasco, D., Scheunert, A., Heubl, G., Rico, E. & Martínez Ortega, M.M. 2017. Unravelling the phylogeny of the root‐hemiparasitic genus Odontites (tribe Rhinantheae, Orobanchaceae): Evidence for five main lineages. Taxon 66(4): 886–908. DOI: 10.12705/664.6 Paywall Reference page

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: خرخاشاوية
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