Phaedon armoraciae

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Phaedon armoraciae


Taxonavigation: Chrysomeloidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Cladus: Pancrustacea
Cladus: Allotriocarida
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Holometabola
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Cladus: Phytophaga
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea

Familia: Chrysomelidae
Subfamilia: Chrysomelinae
Tribus: Chrysomelini
Subtribus: Chrysomelina
Genus: Phaedon
Subgenus: Phaedon (Phaedon)
Species: Phaedon armoraciae
Subspecies: P. a. armoraciae – P. a. niger


Phaedon armoraciae (Linnaeus, 1758)

Type locality: Europe.

Lectotype: LSL. male ♂. (lectotype designated by Ge 2004)


  • Chrysomela armoraciae Linnaeus, 1758: 369. (original combination)
  • Chrysomela plantaginis DeGeer, 1775: 322 [syn. conf. Bezděk, 2018: 20]
    • Syntypes: 4 specimens (SMNH), small blank orange label, "95. C. plantaginis C. armoraciae p. 322" (box label, w, h).
    • Type locality: not stated.
  • Chrysomela cochleariae Panzer, 1797: 14
  • Chrysomela parvula Duftschmid, 1825: 213 (as "Ch. parvula (Megerle)")
  • ?Phaedon gomphocerus Stephens, 1834: 333
  • Phaeton betulae Küster, 1846: 91
    • Syntypes: 3 ex. (Coll. Küster), "Syntypus / Phaeton / betulae KÜSTER, 1846 / design. KIPPENBERG 2018"; "Phaedon armoraciae (LINNÉ) / det. KIPPENBERG 2018". [designated by Kippenberg, 2018]
  • Alitene nasturtii Gistel, 1857: 530
  • Phaedon armoraciae: Weise, 1884: 547.
  • Phaedon veronicae Bedel, 1892: 153


Primary references[edit]

  • Bezděk, J. 2018. Taxonomical changes, comments and new country records of West Palaearctic Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) with special regards to Mediterranean species. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 14(Suppl.): 17–27. DOI: 10.23885/18143326201814S1727 Open access. Reference page
  • Duftschmid, C.E. 1825. Fauna Austriae, oder Beschreibung der österreichischen Insecten, für angehende Freunde der Entomologie. Dritter Theil. Linz: Verlag der k.k. priv. akademischen Kunst- Musik- und Buchhandlung. 289 pp. BHL. Reference page
  • Kippenberg, H. 2018. Coll. Küster: Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera), Typusmaterial. Mitteilungen der Münchner Entomologischen Gesellschaft 108: 17–29. PDF. Reference page
  • Küster, H.C. 1846. Die Käfer Europas. Nach der Natur beschrieben. Mit Beiträgen mehrerer Entomologen, Nürnberg, Bauer & Raspe 07: 1–100, 3 pls. BHL.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp  DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 369. Reference page
  • Panzer, G.W. 1797. Faunae Insectorum Germanicae initia oder Deutschlands Insecten. volume 44 . Felsecker, Nurnberg. pp 1–14. [original description: p. 14]
  • Stephens, J.F. 1834. Appendix. In: Illustrations of British entomology, or, a synopsis of indigenous insects: containing their generic and specific distinctions; with an account of their metamorphoses, times of appearance, localities, food, and economy, as far as practicable, Mandibulata [1832-1835], vol. 5, London: Baldwin and Cradock, 447 pp. (issued in parts: pp. 1–240, 1832; pp. 241–304, 1833; pp. 305–368, 1934; pp. 369–448, 1835).
  • Weise, J. 1884. Chrysomelidae. Lieferung 3. Pp. 369–568. In: Naturgeschichte der Insecten Deutschlands. Erste Abteilung Coleoptera. Sechster Band. [1893]. Berlin: Nicolaische Verlags-Buchhandlung, xiv + 1161, 1 pl. [issued in parts]. BHL

Additional references[edit]