Eleusine indica

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Eleusine indica

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Cynodonteae
Subtribus: Eleusininae
Genus: Eleusine
Species: Eleusine indica

Name[edit]

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 8 (1788).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Cynosurus indicus L., Sp. Pl.: 72 (1753).
  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Paspalum dissectum Kniph., Bot. Orig., ed. 2, 11: n.º 741 (1764), nom. illeg.
    • Cynosurus pectinatus Lam., Encycl. 2: 188 (1786).
    • Eleusine pectinata (Lam.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 203 (1792).
    • Eleusine macrosperma Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 150 (1812).
    • Eleusine distans Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 61 (1821), nom. illeg.
    • Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schult., Mant. 2: 323 (1824), pro syn.
    • Eleusine gonantha Schrank, Syll. Pl. Nov. 1: 191 (1824).
    • Triticum geminatum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 326 (1824).
    • Agropyron geminatum (Spreng.) Schult. & Schult.f., Mant. 3: 655 (1827).
    • Eleusine glabra Schumach., Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 53 (1827).
    • Juncus loureiroana Schult. & Schult.f. in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 238 (1829).
    • Leptochloa pectinata (Lam.) Kunth, Révis. Gramin. 1: 91 (1829).
    • Cynosurus ara Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List: n.º 3816 I (1831), nom. nud.
    • Eleusine marginata Lindl. in T.L. Mitchell, Three Exped. Australia 1: 819 (1838).
    • Chloris repens Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 353 (1840), pro syn.
    • Eleusine distachya Trin. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 549 (1840), pro syn.
    • Poa spicata Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 362 (1841), pro syn.
    • Eleusine japonica Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 211 (1854).
    • Eleusine polydactyla Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 211 (1854).
    • Eleusine textilis Welw., J. Trav. Nat. Hist. 1: 31 (1868), nom. provis.
    • Eleusine gouinii E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 146 (1886).
    • Eleusine inaequalis E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 145 (1886).
    • Eleusine indica var. major E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 145 (1886).
    • Eleusine rigidifolia E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 146 (1886).
    • Eleusine scabra E.Fourn., Mexic. Pl. 2: 145 (1886).
    • Eleusine indica var. monostachya F.M.Bailey, Queensl. Fl. 6: 1898 (1902).
    • Eleusine indica var. sandaensis Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Belge 11: 122 (1920), nom. provis.
    • Eleusine indica var. oligostachya Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 41: 636 (1927).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Burkina, Gambia, The, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Sierre Leone, Togo.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaïre.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Botswana, Cape Provinces, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland.
    • Regional: Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension, St. Helena.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Aldabra, Chagos Archipelago, Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • East Aegean Islands, Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Oman, Saudi Arabia.
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast, Tibet.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Laccadive Islands, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, South China Sea, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Christmas Isle.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji, Gilbert Islands, Nauru, Niue, New Caledonia, Phoenix Islands, Samoa, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis-Futuna Islands.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Cook Islands, Easter Islands, Line Islands, Marquesas, Pitcairn Islands, Society Islands, Tuamotu, Tubuai Islands.
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands, Marcus Isle, Marianas, Marshall Islands, Wake Island.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Ontario, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Oregon.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, Central American Pacific Islands, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Aruba, Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Turks-Caicos Islands, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central..
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Paraguay, Uruguay.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Gaertner, J. 1788. De Fructibus et Seminibus Plantarum: accedunt seminum centuriae quinque priores cum tabulis Aeneis LXXIX. 384 pp, LXXIX pl. Stuttgart: Typis Academiae Carolinae. BHL Reference page

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

অসমীয়া: ববচা বন
English: Indian goosegrass
suomi: Etelänsormihirssi
日本語: オヒシバ (雄日芝)
한국어: 왕바랭이
Sunda: Carulang
lea faka-Tonga: Takataka
中文: 牛筋草
For more multimedia, look at Category:Eleusine indica on Wikimedia Commons.