Cenchrus tribuloides

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Cenchrus tribuloides


Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Subtribus: Cenchrinae
Genus: Cenchrus
Species: Cenchrus tribuloides


Cenchrus tribuloides L., Sp. Pl. 1: 1050. (1753)


  • Homotypic
    • Cenchrus echinatus var. tribuloides (L.) Torr., Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 69 (1823)
  • Heterotypic
    • Cenchrus tribuloides var. macrocarpus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 110 (1854), pro syn.
    • Cenchrus vaginatus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 110 (1854)
    • Cenchrus tribuloides var. macrocephalus Döll in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(2): 312 (1877)
    • Cenchrus macrocephalus (Döll) Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 17: 110 (1899)
    • Cenchrus tribuloides f. monostachys Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 79 (1899)
    • Cenchrus bambusoides Caro & E.A.Sánchez, Kurtziana 4: 44 (1967)
    • Cenchrus pauciflorus f. monostachys (Asch. & Graebn.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 123 (1971 publ. 1972)


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Eastern USA
      • Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Vermont, Virginia
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Bermuda, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean, Turks-Caicos Is.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast
    • Introduced into:
      • Greece, Hawaii, Japan, Tonga

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Vernacular names[edit]

English: Sand Dune Sandbur
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Cenchrus tribuloides on Wikimedia Commons.