Bromus erectus

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Bromus erectus
Bromus erectus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Bromeae
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: B. subg. Festucoides
Species: Bromus erectus

Name[edit]

Bromus erectus Huds., Fl. Angl.: 89(–40). 1762.

Homonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Bromopsis erecta (Huds.) Fourr. in Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 187 (1869)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. euerectus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 585 (1901), not validly publ.
    • Bromus erectus var. genuinus Döll in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(3): 109 (1878), not validly publ.
    • Bromus erectus var. typicus Fiori in Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 146 (1923), not validly publ.
    • Festuca erecta (Huds.) Wallr. in Sched. Crit.: 35 (1822)
    • Forasaccus erectus (Huds.) Bubani in Fl. Pyren. 4: 384 (1901)
    • Schedonorus erectus (Huds.) Gaudich. ex Roem. & Schult. in Syst. Veg. ed. 15[bis]. 2: 637 (1817)
    • Zerna erecta (Huds.) Gray in Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 116 (1821 publ. 1822)
  • Heterotypic
    • × Bromofestuca cojocnensis Prodán in Bul. Grăd. Bot. Univ. Cluj 16: 93 (1936 publ. 1937)
    • Bromopsis alexeenkoi (Tzvelev) Czerep. in Sosud. Rast. SSSR: 336 (1981)
    • Bromopsis aspera Fourr. in Ann. Soc. Linn. Lyon, n.s., 17: 187 (1869), nom. nud.
    • Bromopsis caprina (A.Kern. ex Hack.) Banfi & N.G.Passal. in Inform. Bot. Ital. 41: 140 (2009)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. alexeenkoi (Tzvelev) Tzvelev in Zlaki SSSR: 215 (1976)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. gordjaginii (Tzvelev) Tzvelev in Zlaki SSSR: 215 (1976)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. longiflora (Willd. ex Spreng.) Dostál in Folia Mus. Rerum Nat. Bohemiae Occid., Bot. 21: 16 (1984)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. microchaeta (Font Quer) H.Scholz & Valdés in Willdenowia 36: 660 (2006)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. permixta (H.Lindb.) H.Scholz & Valdés in Willdenowia 36: 660 (2006)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. stenophylla (Link) H.Scholz & Valdés in Willdenowia 36: 660 (2006)
    • Bromopsis erecta subsp. transylvanicus (Steud.) H.Scholz & Valdés in Willdenowia 36: 660 (2006)
    • Bromopsis gordjaginii (Tzvelev) Galushko in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 13: 254 (1976)
    • Bromopsis microchaeta (Font Quer) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 168 (1973)
    • Bromopsis permixta (H.Lindb.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 168 (1973)
    • Bromopsis stenophylla (Link) Lazzeri in Quad. Mus. Storia Nat. Livorno 25: 69 (2014)
    • Bromopsis transsilvanica (Steud.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 169 (1973)
    • Bromopsis zangezura Ogan. in Fl. Rastitel'nost' Rast. Res. Arm. 16: 12 (2007)
    • Bromus agrestis All. in Fl. Pedem. 2: 249 (1785)
    • Bromus angustifolius Schrank in Baier. Fl. 1: 366 (1789)
    • Bromus angustifolius Hornem. in Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 13 (1819), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus arvensis Lam. in Fl. Franç. 3: 607 (1779), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus asper Pall. ex M.Bieb. in Fl. Taur.-Caucas. 1: 73 (1808), pro syn.
    • Bromus bertolae Colla in Herb. Pedem. 6: 67 (1836)
    • Bromus caprearum Hack. in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879), pro syn.
    • Bromus caprinus A.Kern. ex Hack. in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 29: 209 (1879)
    • Bromus collinus Phil. in Linnaea 29: 101 (1858)
    • Bromus condensatus var. australis Griseb. in Verh. Vereins Natur- Heilk. Presburg, n.s., 2: 13 (1874)
    • Bromus dolichostachys Phil. in Anales Univ. Chile 94: 343 (1896)
    • Bromus erectus f. angustifolius (Schrank) Neuman in Sver. Fl.: 738 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus subvar. angustifolius (Sagorski) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 207 (1932), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus erectus var. angustifolius (Schrank) Beck in Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 106 (1890)
    • Bromus erectus var. anisophyllus K.Koch in Linnaea 21: 421 (1848)
    • Bromus erectus var. argillaceus A.Bras in Cat. Pl. Vasc. Départ. Aveyron: 516 (1877)
    • Bromus erectus var. arvensis With. in Bot. Arr. Brit. Pl., éd. 2, 1: 107 (1787), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus erectus var. borbasii Hack. ex Borbás in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. caprearum Oudem. in Enum. Syst. Fung. 1: 898 (1919)
    • Bromus erectus var. caprinus (A.Kern. ex Hack.) Fiori in A.Fiori & al., Fl. Anal. Italia 1: 98 (1896)
    • Bromus erectus var. contractus Regel in Index Seminum (LE, Petropolitanus) 1862: 27 (1862)
    • Bromus erectus var. depauperatus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. dissolutus Beck in Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 5: 566 (1890)
    • Bromus erectus var. fallax Beck in Wiss. Mitt. Bosnien & Herzegovina 9: 453 (1904)
    • Bromus erectus var. fasciculatus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. flaccidus Podp. in Spisy Přír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 12: 11 (1922)
    • Bromus erectus var. glaber Heuff. in Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 8: 234 (1858), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus erectus var. glaber Tinant in Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
    • Bromus erectus var. glabra Peterm. in Fl. Lips. Excurs.: 101 (1838)
    • Bromus erectus var. glabratus Maire in É.Jahandiez & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 3: 866 (1934)
    • Bromus erectus var. glabrescens Arechav. in Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 499 (1897)
    • Bromus erectus var. glabriflorus Borbás in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus var. glabrifolius N.H.F.Desp. in Fl. Sarthe: 325 (1838)
    • Bromus erectus var. glaucus (Lapeyr.) Lamotte in Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
    • Bromus erectus var. glaucus (Lapeyr.) Link in Hort. Berol. 2: 282 (1833)
    • Bromus erectus var. gracilis Ducommun in Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 885 (1869)
    • Bromus erectus var. hirsutus Link in Hort. Berol. 2: 282 (1833)
    • Bromus erectus var. hirsutus Parn. in Grass. Scotland 1(1): 120 (1842), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus erectus f. humilis Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 584 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. inermiformis Murr in Studi Trentini Cl. II, Sci. Nat. 1: 4 (1927)
    • Bromus erectus var. laxus Döll in Fl. Bad. 1: 144 (1857)
    • Bromus erectus subvar. leiostachys Podp. in Kvetena Moravy 6: 51 (1926)
    • Bromus erectus var. lingiaristatus Kuntze in Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada 10: 247 (1887)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. longiflorus (Willd. ex Spreng.) Arcang. in Comp. Fl. Ital.: 797 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus var. longiflorus (Willd. ex Spreng.) Parl. in Fl. Ital. 1: 413 (1850)
    • Bromus erectus var. longispiculatus Maire in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 33: 97 (1942)
    • Bromus erectus var. macrostachys Godr. in J.C.M.Grenier & G.Godron, Fl. France Corse 3: 587 (1856)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. microchaetus (Font Quer) Maire & Weiller in É.Jahandiez & al., Cat. Pl. Maroc 1: 86 (1931)
    • Bromus erectus subvar. montenegrinus (Sagorski) Hayek in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 30(3): 207 (1932)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. multiflorus K.Richt. in Pl. Eur. 1: 112 (1890)
    • Bromus erectus var. nutans Caldesi in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 280 (1880)
    • Bromus erectus var. pauciflorus Pauquy in Statist. Bot. Somme: 460 (1831)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. permixtus H.Lindb. in Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 14 (1932)
    • Bromus erectus var. piliferus Gagnep. in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Autun 13: 282 (1900)
    • Bromus erectus var. planifolius Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. pseudoverticillatus Röhl. in Veda Prír. 18: 151 (1937)
    • Bromus erectus var. pubescens Hoschedé in Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 12: 206 (1903)
    • Bromus erectus var. pubescens Delastre in Fl. Vienne: 493 (1842)
    • Bromus erectus var. pubiculmis J.Webb in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 9: 377 (1911)
    • Bromus erectus var. pubiflorus Borbás in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus var. purpurascens Tinant in Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
    • Bromus erectus var. pycnotrichus Borbás in Math. Term. Közlem. 15: 334 (1878)
    • Bromus erectus var. pygmaeus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 586 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. racemifer Borbás in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus var. racemiflorus Borbás in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 32: 135 (1882)
    • Bromus erectus var. rohlenae Podp. in Kvetena Moravy 6: 50 (1926)
    • Bromus erectus var. roxolanicus Zapal. in Crit. Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Prz. Krakow, ser. 3, 4B: 186 (1904)
    • Bromus erectus var. scaber Tinant in Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
    • Bromus erectus var. stenophyllus (Link) Fiori in Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 146 (1923)
    • Bromus erectus var. stenophyllus (Link) Heynh. in Nom. Bot. Hort.: 132 (1840)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. stenophyllus (Link) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 583 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. suberectus Fr. in Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 181 (1842)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. suberectus (Fr.) Andersson in Pl. Scand. 2: 26 (1852)
    • Bromus erectus var. subvillosus Regel & Tiling in Fl. Ajan.: 126 (1858)
    • Bromus erectus var. trachystachys Grün in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 233 (1869)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. transsilvanicus (Steud.) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 583 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus var. transsilvanicus (Steud.) Beck in Ann. K. K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 2: 46 (1887)
    • Bromus erectus var. trichanthus C.A.Mey. in Verz. Caucasus Pfl. 6: 9 (1849)
    • Bromus erectus var. tricolor Hack. in Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 7: 109 (1901)
    • Bromus erectus subsp. uniculmis Sennen in Diagn. Nouv. 1928-1935: 31 (1936)
    • Bromus erectus var. velutinus Gunn in Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 41(II): 133 (1869)
    • Bromus erectus var. versicolor C.A.Mey. in Verz. Pfl. Casp. Meer.: 24 (1831), nom. nud.
    • Bromus erectus var. villosus Tinant in Fl. Luxemb.: 60 (1836)
    • Bromus erectus var. villosus Döll in Fl. Baden: 144 (1855), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus erectus var. villosus Vis. in Fl. Dalmat. 1: 73 (1842)
    • Bromus erectus f. viviparus Ugolini in Comment. Ateneo Brescia 1907: 141 (1907)
    • Bromus erectus var. wildtii Podp. in Kvetena Moravy 6: 49 (1926)
    • Bromus glabriflorus (Borbás) Degen in Fl. Veleb. 1: 560 (1936)
    • Bromus glaucus Lapey. in Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 633 (1813)
    • Bromus heterophyllus Klokov in Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 12: 59 (1950)
    • Bromus longiflorus Willd. ex Spreng. in Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 23 (1815)
    • Bromus macounii Vasey in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 48 (1888)
    • Bromus microchaetus Font Quer in Cavanillesia 4: 26 (1931)
    • Bromus montanus G.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb. in Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 1: 134 (1799), pro syn.
    • Bromus odoratus Gouan in Herbor. Montpellier: 11 (1796)
    • Bromus pauciflorus Schumach. in Enum. Pl. Saell. 1: 32 (1801)
    • Bromus perennis Vill. in Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 122 (1787)
    • Bromus permixtus (H.Lindb.) H.Lindb. in Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 1(2): 14 (1932)
    • Bromus pratensis Lam. in Encycl. 1: 468 (1785)
    • Bromus pseudoarvensis Koeler in Descr. Gramin.: 241 (1802)
    • Bromus pubiflorus (Borbás) Degen in Fl. Veleb. 1: 561 (1936)
    • Bromus racemifer (Borbás) Degen in Fl. Veleb. 1: 560 (1936)
    • Bromus stenophyllus Link in Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 94 (1821)
    • Bromus subrectus Fr. in Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 3: 181 (1843)
    • Bromus transsilvanicus Steud. in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 320 (1854)
    • Bromus transsilvanicus var. angustifolius Sagorski in Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 16: 34 (1901)
    • Bromus transsilvanicus var. montenegrinus Sagorski in Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 16: 34 (1901)
    • Festuca bromiformis Schleich. in Cat. Pl. Helv., ed. 4: 17 (1821), nom. nud.
    • Festuca drymeja var. fagetina Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 797 (1866)
    • Festuca fagetina (Schur) Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 797 (1866)
    • Festuca hirta Seenus in Beschr. Reise Istr. Dalmat.: 59 (1805)
    • Festuca montana Savi in Fl. Pis. 1: 118 (1798)
    • Festuca montana var. villosa Mert. & W.D.J.Koch in J.C.Röhling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 674 (1823)
    • Schedonorus erectus var. suberectus (Fr.) Fr. in Summa Veg. Scand.: 76 (1846)
    • Schedonorus laxus Fr. in Bot. Not. 1843: 130 (1843)
    • Serrafalcus pratensis (Lam.) Wilmott in C.C.Babington, Man. Brit. Bot., ed. 10: 509 (1922)
    • Zerna angustifolia Besser in Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 6: 203 (1823)
    • Zerna erecta subsp. alexeenkoi Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 55 (1970 publ. 1971)
    • Zerna erecta subsp. gordjaginii Tzvelev in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 7: 54 (1970 publ. 1971)
    • Zerna microchaeta (Font Quer) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 440 (1970)
    • Zerna permixta (H.Lindb.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 440 (1970)
    • Zerna transsilvanica (Steud.) Holub in Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 5: 441 (1970)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Yugoslavia
    • Regional: Central Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse, France, Sardegna, Spain
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Southwestern Asia
      • Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus
    • Regional: Central Asia
      • Tibet
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Baltic States, Belarus, California, Chile Central, Chile South, Connecticut, Denmark, District of Columbia, Falkland Is., Finland, Idaho, Illinois, Ireland, Kentucky, Korea, Krym, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, North Dakota, Northwest European R, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Québec, Sweden, Ukraine, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Hudson, W. 1762. Flora Anglica, exhibens Plantas per Regnum Angliae sponte crescentes, distributas Secundum Systema Sexuale: cum differentiis specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus incolarum, solo locorum, tempore florendi, officinalibus pharmacopaeorum.: i–[xvi], 1–506, [i]–xxii. BHL Reference page. : 89.

Additional references[edit]

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

مصرى:  شويعره منتصبه
العربية:  شويعرة منتصبة
беларуская:  изправена овсига
català:  Margall erecte
čeština:  sveřep vzpřímený
dansk:  Opret Hejre
Deutsch:  Aufrechte Trespe
English: erect brome
suomi:  Pystykattara
français:  Brome dressé
lietuvių:  Stačioji dirsė
Nederlands:  Bergdravik
norsk:  Rakfaks
polski:  Stokłosa prosta
svenska:  Raklosta
українська:  Стоколос прямий
中文:  直立雀麦
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