Bromus arvensis

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Bromus arvensis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Bromeae
Genus: Bromus
Subgenus: B. subg. Bromus
Species: Bromus arvensis

Name[edit]

Bromus arvensis L. 1753: 77.

Homonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Avena arvensis (L.) Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 23 (1796)
    • Bromus arvensis var. typicus Fiori in A.Fiori & al., Fl. Anal. Italia 4: 100 (1907), not validly publ.
    • Bromus erectus var. arvensis (L.) Huds. in Fl. Angl., ed. 2: 50 (1778)
    • Forasaccus arvensis (L.) Bubani in Fl. Pyren. 4: 385 (1901)
    • Serrafalcus arvensis (L.) Godr. in Fl. Lorraine 3: 185 (1844)
  • Heterotypic
    • Bromus arvensis var. compactus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
    • Bromus arvensis f. compactus (Asch. & Graebn.) Todor in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
    • Bromus arvensis f. degeneri (Schur) Todor in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
    • Bromus arvensis var. degeneri Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
    • Bromus arvensis subvar. depauperatus Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris, ed. 2: 831 (1861)
    • Bromus arvensis var. depauperatus Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris 2: 654 (1845)
    • Bromus arvensis var. diffusus Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus arvensis f. diffusus Todor in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus arvensis var. diffusus Neilr. in Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 82 (1857)
    • Bromus arvensis f. flavescens Holmb. in Bot. Not. 1926: 184 (1926)
    • Bromus arvensis var. fragilis Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 83 (1866)
    • Bromus arvensis var. giganteus Zapal. in Rozpr. Wydz. Mat.-Przyr. Akad. Umiejetn., Dzial B, Nauki Biol., ser. 3, 4: 189 (1904)
    • Bromus arvensis var. hyalinus (Schur) Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
    • Bromus arvensis subsp. hyalinus (Schur) Domin in Preslia 13-15: 37 (1935)
    • Bromus arvensis var. inermis Schumach. in Enum. Pl. 1: 32 (1801)
    • Bromus arvensis var. intermedius Kozuharov, Stoeva & Kuzmanov in Izv. Bot. Inst. (Sofia) 25: 53 (1974), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus arvensis var. intermedius Mutel in Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 134 (1837)
    • Bromus arvensis var. laxus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
    • Bromus arvensis var. nutans Neilr. in Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 82 (1857)
    • Bromus arvensis var. oliganthos Hartm. in Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 5: 289 (1849)
    • Bromus arvensis subsp. parviflorus (Desf.) H.Scholz in Florist. Rundbr. 36: 35 (2002)
    • Bromus arvensis f. puberulus H.Lindb. in Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 7 (1946)
    • Bromus arvensis var. pubiflorus N.H.F.Desp. in Fl. Sarthe: 327 (1838)
    • Bromus arvensis var. recurvatus H.Lindb. in Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 7 (1946)
    • Bromus arvensis subsp. segetalis H.Scholz in Willdenowia 6: 145 (1970)
    • Bromus arvensis var. sericostachys Halácsy in Consp. Fl. Graec. 3: 395 (1904)
    • Bromus arvensis splendens (Velen.) Velen. in Sitzungsber. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. 1888(2): 71 (1889)
    • Bromus arvensis subsp. splendens (Velen.) Nyman in Consp. Fl. Eur., Suppl. 2(2): 337 (1890)
    • Bromus arvensis var. splendens (Velen.) Velen. in Fl. Bulg.: 618 (1891)
    • Bromus arvensis var. triflorus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 608 (1901)
    • Bromus arvensis var. turcicus Pénzes in Bot. Közlem. 33: 105 (1936)
    • Bromus arvensis f. umbrosus Hausskn. in Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899)
    • Bromus arvensis var. velutinus Hausskn. in Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 13-14: 54 (1899), nom. illeg.
    • Bromus arvensis var. velutinus Coss. & Germ. in Fl. Descr. Anal. ParisFl. Env. Paris, éd. 1 2: 654 (1845)
    • Bromus arvensis var. versicolor Schur in Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 803 (1866)
    • Bromus arvensis var. verticillatus (Cav.) Nyman in Syll. Fl. Eur.: 415 (1855)
    • Bromus arvensis subvar. violaceus Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 609 (1901)
    • Bromus arvensis f. violaceus (Asch. & Graebn.) Todor in T.Săvulescu, Fl. Republ. Socialist. România 12: 318 (1972)
    • Bromus billotii F.W.Schultz in Flora 32: 233 (1849)
    • Bromus fragilis Schur in Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
    • Bromus hyalinus Schur in Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 90 (1853), pro syn.
    • Bromus mollis var. leptostachyus Pers. in Syn. Pl. 1: 95 (1805)
    • Bromus mollissimus Hornem. in Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl.: 13 (1819)
    • Bromus multiflorus Weigel in Observ. Bot.: 2 (1772)
    • Bromus parviflorus Desf. in Tabl. École Bot., ed. 3: 387 (1829)
    • Bromus phragmitoides Nyár. in Bul. Grăd. Bot. Univ. Cluj 19: 84 (1939)
    • Bromus polymorphus Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
    • Bromus polystachyus Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 228 (1840), pro syn.
    • Bromus secalinus subsp. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus var. billotii (F.W.Schultz) Asch. & Graebn. in Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2(1): 605 (1901)
    • Bromus secalinus var. hordeaceus Retz. in Fl. Scand. Prodr.: 18 (1779)
    • Bromus secalinus var. multiflorus (Weigel) Lamotte in Cat. Pl. Plateau Central: 99 (1847)
    • Bromus segetalis (H.Scholz) Landolt in Fl. Indicativa: 268 (2010)
    • Bromus spiculitenuata Knapp in Gram. Brit.: t. 81 (1804)
    • Bromus splendens Velen. in Abh. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. 7(1): 8, 46 (1886)
    • Bromus ventolana Schleich. ex Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 229 (1840), pro syn.
    • Bromus versicolor Pollich in Hist. Pl. Palat. 1: 190 (1776)
    • Bromus verticillatus Cav. in Icon. 6: 66 (1801)
    • Serrafalcus arvensis proles duvalii Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 234 (1913)
    • Serrafalcus arvensis var. pilosus Husn. in Graminées: 77 (1899)
    • Serrafalcus arvensis var. pubescens Caldesi in Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 12: 279 (1880)
    • Serrafalcus billotii (F.W.Schultz) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 233 (1913)
    • Serrafalcus duvalii Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 14: 234 (1913)
    • Serrafalcus verticillatus (Cav.) Amo in Mem. Real Acad. Ci. Exact. Madrid 5: 402 (1861)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia
      • Baleares, France, Spain
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East European Russia, Finland, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Sweden, Switzerland, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
    • Doubtfully present in:'
      • Saudi Arabia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Каласоўнік палявы
čeština: sveřep rolní
Deutsch: Acker-Trespe
English: Field Brome
español: Espiguilla
suomi: Pyörtänökattara
polski: Stokłosa polna
Türkçe: Tarla bromu
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Bromus arvensis on Wikimedia Commons.