Agonopterix alstromeriana

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Agonopterix alstroemeriana


Taxonavigation: Gelechioidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Cladus: Pancrustacea
Cladus: Allotriocarida
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Holometabola
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Cladus: Myoglossata
Cladus: Neolepidoptera
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Cladus: Eulepidoptera
Cladus: Ditrysia
Cladus: Apoditrysia
Superfamilia: Gelechioidea

Familia: Depressariidae
Genus: Agonopterix
Species: Agonopterix alstromeriana


Agonopterix alstromeriana (Clerck, 1759) [See "Note" far below about spelling of ("alstromeriana" verus "alstroemeriana")].

Type locality: Unknown, likely Sweden. (Said to be from Orchards "Pomariis" in Linnaeus, 1761: 348)

Typus: Unknown, possibly only image of Clerck


  • PHAL. TORTRIX Alstroemeriana (Clerck); Müller, 1764: 53. Number 469. (REF. [?] emendation - unjustified See Note: below, but deemed to be a justified emendation due to prevailing usage? Or [?] Incorrect subsequent spelling, deemed to be a correct original spelling due to prevailing usage? Cited as "Müller Faun. Frid. pag. 53. N.46g Tortr. Alstroemeriana" in Treitschke, 1832: 256.)

(See also e.g. the much later explicit usage as Depressaria alstromeriana stating "alstroemeriana misspelling" in Shaffer (2008) Channel Islands Lepidoptera, p.188)

Note: The etymology can be an adjectival honorific for "Alströmer" who could be Clas Alströmer (a Swedish Naturalist and student at Uppsala of Linnaeus). Similarly, other species first detailed on the same image plate of Clerck seem to honour Peter Forsskål (e.g. see BHL Clerck, 1759: Plate Linnaeus, 1759: 531, while another can be for Pehr Löfling, etc. Two common rival spellings exist in the literature ("alstromeriana" verus "alstroemeriana") the latter in Müller, 1764, and later Linnaeus, 1766, etc. This can be due to later interpretation of the lettering choice (i.e. diacritic usage) by Clerck, leading to replacement of "ö" or "oͤ" with "œ" or "oe". Some perspective may be derived from ICZN guideline "In the case of a diacritic or other mark, the mark concerned is deleted, except that in a name published before 1985 and based upon a German word, the umlaut sign is deleted from a vowel and the letter "e" is to be inserted after that vowel (if there is any doubt that the name is based upon a German word, it is to be so treated)." However, while the "ö" within "Alströmer" may appear to be an umlaut, the source can be clearly seen as Swedish rather than German (although indeed Swedish is part of Germanic language family), where it should be treated as unique letter, hence an interpretation of ICZN guideline can be that any such amendment (e.g. with "œ" or "oe") is superfluous. However, such alteration of the name emerged in the earliest publications on the taxon, and has long persisted in the literature. It therefore seems likely a strong case can be made to prefer the spelling "alstroemeriana" due to prevailing usage.

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Hemlock Moth


Primary references[edit]

  • Clerck, C.A., [1709-1764]. Icones insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum trivialibus, etc. Holmiae. 1: [30]pp. 55 pls. web. Reference page
  • Fabricius, J.C. 1794. Entomologia Systematica emendata et aucta. Secundun classes, ordines, genera, species, adjectis synonimis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Tomus III. Pars II. C. G. Proft, Hafniae, 349 pp. BHL. Reference page
  • Hübner, J. 1825. Verzeichniß bekannter Schmettlinge 20–27: 305–431. BHL Reference page
  • Linnaeus, C. 1761. Fauna Svecica sistens animalia Sveciæ Regni: mammalia, aves, amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes. Distributa per classes & ordines, genera & species, cum differentiis specierum, synonymis auctorum, nominibus incolarum, locis natalium, descriptionibus insectorum. Editio altera, auctior. Laurentii Salvii (Stockholm). 578 pp. BHL DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.46380 Open access Reference page
  • Linnaeus, C. 1766. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima, reformata. Tomus 1 (Regnum Animale), Pars 1: 1–532. Holmiæ [Stockholm]. Impensis Direct Laurentii Salvii. BHL Reference page
  • Müller, O.F. 1764. Fauna insectorum fridrichsdalina, sive Methodica descriptio insectorum agri fridrichsdalensis, cum characteribus genericis et specificis, nominibus trivialibus, locis natalibus, iconibus allegatis, novisque pluribus speciebus additis. xxiv + 96. Hafniae et Lipsiae [Copenhagen & Leipzig]: Frid. Gleditsch. Internet Archive Reference page
  • Müller, O.F. 1776. Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hallager: Havniae [=Copenhagen]. i–xxxii + 1–282 pp. BHL Reference page
  • Treitschke, F. 1832. Die Schmetterlinge von Europa. Neunter Band, Zweyte Abtheilung [Vol. 9(1)]. E. Fleischer, Leipzig. 272 pp. BHL DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.50612 Open access Reference page
  • Treitschke, G.F. 1835a. Die Schmetterlinge von Europa, Band 10/3 Herminia-Orneodea: 1–302. Reference page

Additional references[edit]


Savela Webpage

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Agonopterix alstromeriana on Wikimedia Commons.