Xanthoria polycarpa

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Xanthoria polycarpa

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Teloschistineae 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Teloschistales
Subordo: Teloschistineae

Familia: Teloschistaceae
Subfamilia: Xanthorioideae
Genus: Xanthoria
Species: Xanthoria polycarpa

Name[edit]

Xanthoria polycarpa (Hoffm.) Th. Fr. ex Rieber, 1891


Basionym
  • Lobaria polycarpa Hoffm., Deutsch. Fl.: 159 (1796)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Lecanora candelaria var. polycarpa (Hoffm.) Ach., Lich. univ.: 416 (1810)
  • Lichen polycarpus (Hoffm.) Ehrh., in Acharius (1798)
  • Lobaria polycarpa Hoffm., 1796
  • Parmelia polycarpa (Hoffm.) Spreng., 1820
  • Physcia parietina f. lobulata sensu auct. brit.; fide Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (2010)
  • Physcia polycarpa (Hoffm.) Linds., 1869
  • Physcia polycarpa f. lobulata sensu auct. brit.; fide Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (2010)
  • Placodium polycarpum (Hoffm.) Frege, 1812
  • Psoroma polycarpum (Hoffm.) Gray, 1821
  • Squamaria candelaria var. polycarpa (Hoffm.) Hook., in Smith 5: 198 (1844)
  • Teloschistes polycarpus (Hoffm.) Tuck., 1882
  • Xanthoria alaskana J.W. Thomson, 1992   (Source: Brodoa et al. 2001, p. 746)
  • Xanthoria polycarpa (Hoffm.) H. Olivier, 1894
  • Xanthoria polycarpa f. lobulata sensu auct. brit.; fide Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (2010)
  • Xanthoria ramulosa (Tuck.) Herre, 1910   (see Lindblom 1997)

References[edit]

Primary[edit]

  • Rieber, Jber. vaterl. Kultur Württemberg 47: 252 (1891)
  • Rieber, X. (1891) Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Lichenenflora Württembergs und Hohenzollerns. - Jahresheft des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg [Stuttgart]\Jahresh. Ver. Vaterl. Naturk. Württemberg 47: 246–270.   **[Mattick Rec.# 22031] - (Recent Literature on Lichens - Mattick No.)**

Secondary[edit]

  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Xanthoria (pp. 742-748) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22465] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: pp. 746-747; distribution map for North America: p. 746; color photo: p. 747, plate 921)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Xanthoria (pp. 410-413) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22402] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description, distribution map, color photo of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 413)
  • Herre, A.W.C.T. (1910) The lichen flora of the Santa Cruz Peninsula, California. - Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences\Proc. Washingt. Ac. Sc. 12: 27–269.   **[Mattick Rec.# 21371] - (Recent Literature on Lichens - Mattick No.)** (PDF file, 25MB) (Xanthoria ramulosa is a synonym of Xanthoria polycarpa - - Lindblom 1997 & 2004)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 522-526) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp.   **[RLL List # 210 / Rec.# 30032] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: pp. 525-526; color photo: p. 525, fig. 343)
  • Laundon, J.R. (1992) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. 1860 (pp. 645-647) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   **[RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 647)
  • Lindblom, L. (1997) The genus Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. in North America. - Journal of the Hattori Botanical Laboratory 83: 75–172.   **[RLL List # 169 / Rec.# 11492] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Illustration of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 119) (PDF file)
  • Lindblom, L. (2004) Xanthoria (pp. 605-611) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 25978] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: pp. 609-610; distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 610)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 219-224) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp.   **[RLL List # 180 / Rec.# 214] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Description of Xanthoria polycarpa and color photo: p. 223.)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1984) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. em Arn. (pp. 481-489). In, American Arctic Lichens: 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York, 504 pages.   **[RLL List # 124-96 / Rec.# 18494] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 485; distribution map for the American arctic: p. 487.)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 394-399) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 398; color photo: 399)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Xanthoria (Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 971-978) - Teil 2 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   **[RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Xanthoria polycarpa: p. 978; color photo: p. 977)

Links[edit]

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Xanthoria polycarpa

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Pin-cushion sunburst lichen,   Orange wall lichen
Nederlands: Klein dooiermos