Rapala iarbus

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Rapala iarbus iarbus, <♂:♀>, Thailand, Alan Cassidy/Bob Kennett photo.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Papilionoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Cladus: Eumetabola
Cladus: Endopterygota
Superordo: Panorpida
Cladus: Amphiesmenoptera
Ordo: Lepidoptera
Subordo: Glossata
Cladus: Coelolepida
Infraordo: Heteroneura
Divisio: Eulepidoptera
Sectio: Ditrysia
Subsectio: Apoditrysia
Clade: Obtectomera
Superfamilia: Papilionoidea

Familia: Lycaenidae
Subfamilia: Theclinae
Tribe: Deudorigini
Genus: Rapala
Species: Rapala iarbus
Subspecies: R. i. dekaiarchus – R. i. iarbus – R. i. menaichus

Name[edit]

Rapala iarbus (Fabricius, 1787).

Type locality: Thailand, Phuket Is.

Holotype: ♂ BMNH, Banks Collection, "Tamah, Pulau Salang (Phuket), v-vii.1779".

Synonymy[edit]

  • Papilio melampus Stoll, [1781]: 142, pl. 362, figs G, H, preocc. TL: Coromandel Coast, S.India.
  • Papilio iarbus Fabricius, 1787: 68.
  • Papilio iarbas Fabricius, 1787: 83.
  • Hesperia jarbas (Fabricius, [1793]).
  • Polyommatus jarbas (Fabricius); Godart, [1824]: 646.
  • Thecla jarbas (Fabricius); Horsfield, 1828: 93.
  • Thecla sorya Kollar, 1844: 414, pl. 5, figs 1, 2. Synonymised by Horsfield, [1858]: 32.
  • Dipsas melampus (Cramer); Horsfield, [1858]: 32.
  • Deudorix melampus (Cramer); Hewitson, 1863, Ill. diurn. Lep. Lycaenidae (1): 22.
  • Deudorix jarbas (Fabricius); Butler, 1879: 549; Distant, 1885: 278, pl. 24, fig. 15(♂), pl. 20, fig. 26(♀).
  • Nadisepa jarbas (Fabricius); Moore, 1882: 249.
  • Rapala manea ocerta Fruhstorfer, 1912: 254. Singapore.
  • Rapala melampus melampus (Fabricius); Fruhstorfer, 1912: 263.
  • Rapala melampus jarbas (Fabricius); Fruhstorfer, 1912: 263.
  • Rapala melampus ocerta (Cramer); Corbet, 1939: 110.
  • Rapala jarbas ab. chondong Cowan, 1956; Bull. Raffles Mus. 27: 39
  • Rapala jarbas (Fabricius); Wynter-Blyth, 1957: 362.
  • Rapala melampus (Fabricius); Wynter-Blyth, 1957: 362.
  • Rapala iarbus iarbus (Fabricius); D'Abrera, 1986: 626; Eliot, 1992: 327, 425, pl. 51, figs 3-5, fig. 324 genit.

References[edit]

  • D'Abrera, B., 1986. Butterflies of the Oriental Region, Part III Lycaenidae & Riodinidae: pp. 536–672. Hill House, Melbourne. Reference page. 
  • Butler, A. G., 1879. The Butterflies of Malacca. Trans. linn. Soc. Lond. (2) Zool. 1(8): 533-568, pls 68,69. BHL text, plates. reference page 
  • Corbet, A. S. & Pendlebury, H. M., 1934. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula Edn. 1.
  • Corbet, A. S., 1939c. A revision of the Malayan species of Rapala Moore (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Proc. R. ent. Soc. Lond. (B)8(6): 103. reference page 
  • Cowan C. F., 1956. Two unusual varieties of common Malayan Rhopalocera. Bull. Raffles Mus. 27: 39. reference page 
  • Distant, W. L., 1882-1886. Rhopalocera Malayana. 16 + 481pp., 41pls. London. BHL text, plates. reference page 
  • Eliot, J. N. 1992. With plates by D'Abrera, in Corbet & Pendlebury. The Butterflies of the Malay Peninsula 4th Edn. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. reference page 
  • Fabricius, J.C., 1787. Mantissa insectorum, sistens eorum species nuper detectas adiectis characteribus genericis, differentiis specificis, emendationibus, observationibus. Vol. 2: 382 pp. Christ. Gottl. Proft, Hafniae. BHL  reference page 
  • Fabricius, J.C. 1792. Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species adjectis synonimis, locis, observationibus, descriptionibus. Tomus I. Pars 1. Hafniae: C.G. Proft, xx + 330 pp. PDF Reference page. 
  • Fruhstorfer, H. 1912. Ubersicht der Lycaeniden des Indo-Australischen Gebiets. Begründet auf die Ausbeute und die Sammlung des Autors. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 56(3/4): 197–272, 4 figs. BHL (text), BHL (figs). Reference page. 
  • Godart, J. B. 1819–1824. In Latreille & Godart, Encyclopedie méthodique. Histoire naturelle des Crustacés, des Arachnides et des Insectes 9 (article Papillons) (1): 1–328; (2): 329–828. Paris. Vol. 1, Vol. 2. reference page 
  • Hewitson, W.C. 1863–1878. Illustrations of diurnal Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae. London, van Vorst, x + 229 pp, 107 pls. Text, plates. Reference page. 
  • Horsfield, T. 1828–1829. A descriptive catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the museum of the Honourable East India Company. 144 pp., 8 pls. London. BHL text, plates. Reference page. 
  • Horsfield, T. [1858]. in Moore, F. & Horsfield, T. Catalogue of the lepidopterous insects in the Museum of the Honourable East India Company Vol. 1 i–v, 1–14, 17–278, i–iv, 1–11; pls 1–12, 1a–6a. London. Reference page. 
  • Kollar, V., 1844-1848. Aufzählung und Beschreibung der von Freihern Carl v. Hügel aur seiner Reise durch Kaschmir. (Lepidoptera). In Hügel, C., Kaschmir und das Reich der Siek Stuttgart, Halbergerische verlagshandlung 4(2): 397–398, 403-496, 22 pls. BHL1, BHL2. reference page 
  • Moore, F., 1882. List of the Lepidoptera collected by the Rev. J. H. Hocking, chiefly in the Kangra district, N. W. Himalayas, with descriptions of new genera and species, Part 1. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. 1882: 234–263, 2 pls. BHL text, plates. reference page 
  • Stoll, C., 1780-1790. In Cramer, P. De Uitlandsche Kapellen voorkomende in der drie Waereld-Deelen Asia, Afrika en America (etc.). Amsterdam, Baalde & Utrecht, 4 vols (252 pp. 400 pls.) and Suppl. (184 pp. 42 pls.) Vol 1; Vol 2; Vol. 3; Vol. 4; Suppl.
  • Wynter-Blyth, M. A., 1957; Butterflies of the Indian Region Scholarly Publications, 523pp, (1982 Reprint).
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