Phragmites australis

From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Phragmites australis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Arundinoideae
Tribus: Molinieae
Genus: Phragmites
Species: Phragmites australis
Subspecies: P. a. subsp. americanus – P. a. subsp. australis – P. a. subsp. berlandieri – P. a. subsp. isiacus

Name[edit]

Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud. (1841)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Arundo australis Cav., Ann, Hist. Nat. 1: 100. 1799.
  • Heterotypic
    • Arundo phragmites var. tenella Nolte, Flora Danica: t. 2164.
    • Arundo phragmites var. subuniflora DC., Fl. Franc. ed. 3 5: 263 (1815).
    • Phalaris communis var. rubriculmis Wikstr., Stockh. Fl.: 56 (1839).
    • Phargmites communis var. tenella (Nolte) Blytt, Norsk Fl.: 125 (1847).
    • Phragmites communis var. innubus Iverus, Bot. Not. 1875: 81 (1875).
    • Phragmites communis f. coarctata Raunk., Bot. Tidsskr.: 18:276 (1893).
    • Phragmites communis f. flavescens (Gaudin) Holmb., Skand. Fl. 2: 187 (1926).
    • Phragmites communis f. stolonifera (G.Mey.) Holmb., Skand. Fl. 2: 186 (1926).
    • Phragmites communis f. subuniflora (DC.) Holmb., Skand. Fl. 2: 187 (1926).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: CosmopolitaA
      • Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Alberta, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burkina, Buryatiya, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Congo, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Madeira, Maine, Malaya, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oman, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Somalia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vermont, Victoria, Vietnam, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • Introduced into:
      • Bahamas, Brazil Southeast, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Haiti, Hawaii, Leeward Is., New Caledonia, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Трыснёг звычайны
Deutsch: Schilf, Schilfrohr
English: Common Reed
eesti: Harilik pilliroog
suomi: Järviruoko
Nordfriisk: Raid
français: Roseau commun
magyar: Közönséges nád
日本語: ヨシ, アシ
한국어: 갈대
Nederlands: Riet
svenska: Bladvass
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Phragmites australis on Wikimedia Commons.