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Phormium in habitat Manawatu River, New Zealand


Taxonavigation: Asparagales
Classification System: APG III (down to family level)

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Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Xanthorrhoeaceae
Subfamilia: Hemerocallidoideae
Genus: Phormium
Species: P. cookianum – P. tenax


Phormium J. R. et G. Forst., Char. Gen. Pl. 24. (1776)


  • Heterotypic
    • Chlamydia Banks ex Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. i. 71. t. 18. (1788)


  • Forster, J.R. & Forster, G. (1775) Characteres Generum Plantarum, 24.
  • Moore, L.B. & Edgar, E. (1970) Flora of New Zealand. Vol. II. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Monocotyledones except Gramineae. Wellington, N. Z.,
  • Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd New Zealand Plants. 2014 Mar 20 [1].

Vernacular names[edit]

English: New Zealand Flax
For more multimedia, look at Phormium on Wikimedia Commons.