Phormium tenax

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Phormium tenax, Piha, West Auckland, New Zealand

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Asphodelaceae
Subfamilia: Hemerocallidoideae
Genus: Phormium
Species: Phormium tenax

Name[edit]

Phormium tenax J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Chlamydia tenacissima Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 71 (1788).
    • Lachenalia ramosa Lam., Encycl. 3: 373 (1792).
    • Phormium ramosum (Lam.) Billb., Linn. Samfund. Handl. 1: 22 (1832 publ. 1833).
    • Phormium flavovirens Le Jol., Bull. Soc. Hort. Cherbourg 1848(2): 75 (1848), nom. superfl.
    • Phormium tenax var. variegatum W.Holloway, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 4: 96 (1864).
    • Phormium tenax variegatum (W.Holloway) B.S.Williams ex J.Dix, Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 4: 134 (1864).
    • Phormium tenax var. foliis-variegatis Rothsch., Pl. Feuill. Col., n.s., 2: 33 (1868), not validly publ.
    • Phormium nigropictum W.Bull, Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 68: 15 (1872).
    • Phormium atropurpureum Rafarin, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 46: 75 (1874).
    • Phormium tenax var. atropurpureum (Rafarin) Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 47: 139 (1875).
    • Phormium tenax var. saundersii Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 47: 139 (1875).
    • Phormium tenax var. veitchii Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 47: 139 (1875).
    • Phormium tenax f. atropurpureum (Rafarin) Voss, Vilm. Ill. Blumengärtn., ed. 3, 1: 1972 (1895).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Norfolk I., New Zealand

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

  • Forster, J.R. & Forster, J.G.A., 1940. Char. Gen. Pl.: 48, t. 24 (1776).
  • Landcare Research New Zealand Limited. Flora of New Zealand. 2009 Mar 04 [1].
  • Smissen, R. D., & Heenan, P. B. (2010). A taxonomic appraisal of the Chatham Islands flax (Phormium tenax) using morphological and DNA fingerprint data. Australian Systematic Botany 23 (5): 371–380 doi: 10.1071/SB10023.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

suomi: Tähkälilja
magyar: Új-zélandi kender
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Phormium tenax on Wikimedia Commons.