Philander

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Philander opossum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Didelphimorphia 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Ordo: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Subordo: Cynodontia
Infraordo: Eucynodontia
Cladus: Probainognathia
Cladus: Prozostrodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohort: Theria
Cohort: Marsupialia
Ordo: Didelphimorphia

Familia: Didelphidae
Subfamilia: Didelphinae
Tribus: Didelphini
Genus: Philander
Species (8): P. andersoni – P. canus – P. deltae – P. frenatus – P. mcilhennyi – P. mondolfii – P. melanurus – P. opossum

Name[edit]

Philander Brisson, 1762: 207 [conserved name]

  • Type species: Didelphis opossum Linnaeus, 1758, by designation under the Plenary Powers (1998: 64).
  • Gender: masculine.
  • Placed on the Official List of Generic Names in Zoology by Opinion 1894 (1998: 65).

Synonymy[edit]

  • Philander Tiedemann, 1808: 426
    • Type species: Philander virginianus Tiedemann, 1808, by subsequent designation by Hershkovitz (1949).
  • Sarigua Muirhead, 1819: 429 (part)
  • Metachirus Burmeister, 1854: 135 (part)
  • Gamba Liais, 1872: 329 (part)
  • Zygolestes Florentino Ameghino, 1899: 7 (part)
  • Metachirops Matschie, 1916: 262
    • Type species: Didelphis quica Temminck, 1824, by original designation.
  • Hylothylax Cabrera, 1919: 47
    • Type species: Didelphis opossum Linnaeus, 1758, by original designation.

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Brisson, M.J. 1762. Regnum animale in classes IX. Distributum, Sive, Synopsis Methodica, Sistens generalem Animalium distributionem in Classes IX, & duarum primarum Classium, Quadrupedum scilicet & Cetaceorum, particularem divisionem in Ordines, Sectiones, Genera & Species. Cum brevi cujusque Speciei Descriptione, Cicationibus Auctorum de iis tractantium, Nominibus eis ab ipsis & Nationibus impositis, Nominibusque vulgaribus. Theodorum Haak: Lugduni Batavorum. 7 + 296 pp. BHL Reference page
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1998. Opinion 1894. Regnum Animale ..., Ed. 2 (M.J. Brisson, 1762): rejected for nomenclatural purposes, with the conservation of the mammalian generic names Philander (Marsupialia), Pteropus (Chiroptera), Glis, Cuniculus and Hydrochoerus (Rodentia), Meles, Lutra and Hyaena (Carnivora), Tapirus (Perissodactyla), Tragulus and Giraffa (Artiodactyla). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 55(1): 64–71. BHL Reference page

Additional references[edit]

  • Chemisquy, M.A.; Flores, D.A. 2012: Taxonomy of the southernmost populations of Philander (Didelphimorphia, Didelphidae), with implications for the systematics of the genus. Zootaxa 3481: 60–72. Preview Reference page

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Vieraugenbeutelratten
English: Four-eyed Opossums
español: Zarigüeyas de cuatro ojos
português do Brasil: Cuícas-de-quatro-olhos
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Philander on Wikimedia Commons.