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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Cladus: Metapterygota
Infraclassis: Neoptera
Supercohort: Polyneoptera
Cohort: Anartioptera
Magnordo: Polyorthoptera
Superordo: Orthopterida
Ordo: Phasmatodea
Subordo: Agathemerodea - Timematodea - Verophasmatodea
Genera incertae sedis: Conlephasma – †Renphasma


Phasmatodea Jacobson and Bianchi, 1902



selected references[edit]

additional references[edit]

  • Brock, P.D., Marshall, J.A., Beccaloni, G. & Harman, A.J.E. 2016. The types of Phasmida in the Natural History Museum, London, UK. Zootaxa 4179(2): 151–208. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4179.2.1. Reference page. 
  • Buckley, T.R.; Attanayake, D.; Nylander, J.A.A.; Bradler, S. 2010: The phylogenetic placement and biogeographical origins of the New Zealand stick insects (Phasmatodea). Systematic entomology, 35: 207–225. ISSN: 0307-6970 doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2009.00505.x
  • Hennemann, F.H.; Conle, O.V. 2008: Revision of Oriental Phasmatodea: The tribe Pharnaciini Günther, 1953, including the description of the world's longest insect, and a survey of the family Phasmatidae Gray, 1835 with keys to the subfamilies and tribes (Phasmatodea: "Anareolatae": Phasmatidae). Zootaxa, 1906: 1–316. Abstract & excerpt
  • Jewell, T.; Brock, P.D. 2002: A review of the New Zealand stick insects: new genera and synonymy, keys, and a catalogue. Journal of Orthoptera research, 11: 189–197.
  • Nel, A.; Delfosse, E. 2011: A new Chinese Mesozoic stick insect. Acta palaeontologica polonica, 56 (2): 429–432. doi: 10.4202/app.2009.1108
  • Salmon, J.T. 1991: The stick insects of New Zealand. Reed, Auckland.


Vernacular Name[edit]

Alemannisch: Gspängschtschrecke
беларуская: Палачнікі
català: Fasmatodeu
čeština: Strašilky
dansk: Vandrende pinde
Deutsch: Gespenstschrecken, Stabschrecken, Phasmiden
English: Stick insects (Europe), Walking sticks (USA), Ghost insects and Leaf insects
español: Fásmidos
français: Phasmoptères
한국어: 대벌레목 (죽절충목)
italiano: Fasmidi
עברית: מקלונאים
magyar: Botsáskák
Nederlands: Wandelende takken
日本語: ナナフシ目
norsk: Spøkelsesinsekter
polski: Straszyki
Runa Simi: Yant\'a kuru
русский: Привиденьевые
slovenčina: Pakobylky
slovenščina: Posnemalci
svenska: Spökskräckor
粵語: 竹節蟲目
中文: 竹節蟲目
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Phasmatodea on Wikimedia Commons.