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Taxonavigation: Liliales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Parideae
Genera: Paris – Pseudotrillium – Trillium


Parideae Bartl. (1830)


  • Paridineae J.Presl (1846) Nowočeská Bibl. (Wšobecný Rostl.) 7: 1556, 1569.
  • Paridoideae Burnett (1835) Outl. Bot. 437.
  • Trillieae Fr. (1835) Fl. Scan. 174.
  • Trillioideae A.Gray (1848) Manual 485.


  • Bartling, F.G. (1830) Ord. Nat. Pl.: 53.
  • Kim, S.C., Kim, J.S., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F. & Kim, J.H. 2016. Molecular phylogenetic relationships of Melanthiaceae (Liliales) based on plastid DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(4): 567-584. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12405 Open access Reference page
  • Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page
  • Yunheng, J.I.; Fritsch, P. W.; Li, Heng; Xiao, Tiaojiang; & Zhou, Zhekun (2006) "Phylogeny and Classification of Paris (Melanthiaceae) Inferred from DNA Sequence Data". Annals of Botany 98 (1): 245–256.
  • Zomlefer, Wendy B.; Williams, Norris H.; Whitten, W. Mark; & Judd, Walter S. (2001) "Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data". American Journal of Botany 88 (9): 1657–1669.

Vernacular names[edit]

中文: 重楼族
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Parideae on Wikimedia Commons.