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Paris japonica


Taxonavigation: Liliales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Parideae
Genera: Paris – Pseudotrillium – Trillium


Parideae Bartl., Ord. Nat. Pl.: 53 (1830).


  • Homotypic
    • Paridineae J.Presl, Nowočeská Bibl. (Wšobecný Rostl.) 7: 1556, 1569 (1846).
    • Paridoideae Burnett, Outl. Bot. 437 (1835).
  • Heterotypic
    • Trillieae Fr., Fl. Scan. 174 (1835).
    • Trillioideae A.Gray, Manual 485 (1848).


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Kim, S.C., Kim, J.S., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F. & Kim, J.H. 2016. Molecular phylogenetic relationships of Melanthiaceae (Liliales) based on plastid DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(4): 567-584. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12405 Open access Reference page
  • Yunheng, J.I., Fritsch, P.W., Li, Heng, Xiao, Tiaojiang & Zhou, Zhekun 2006. Phylogeny and Classification of Paris (Melanthiaceae) Inferred from DNA Sequence Data. Annals of Botany 98(1): 245–256.
  • Zomlefer, W.B., Williams, N.H.. Whitten, W.M. & Judd, W.S. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data. American Journal of Botany 88(9): 1657–1669.


Vernacular names[edit]

中文: 重楼族
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Parideae on Wikimedia Commons.