Neolamarckia cadamba

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Neolamarckia cadamba

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Neolamarckia
Species: Neolamarckia cadamba

Name[edit]

Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia Sér. 4, 6(3): 247 (1984 publ. 1985)

  • Type: there are two interpretations:
    • Ridsdale (1978: 334): not indicated, probably a collection made near Calcutta (not traced).
    • Bosser (1985): Rheede, Hortus Malabaricus 3: t. 33 (1678–1703); Smith & Darwin (1988: 160) and Tropicos regards this as lectotypification.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Nauclea cadamba Roxb., [Hort. Bengal.: 14 (1814), nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. [Carey & Wallich ed.] 2: 121 (1824)
      • Note: Rheede (1682) is cited by this publication.
  • Homotypic
    • Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 135 (1856)
    • Sarcocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. Forest Pegu, App. A: lxxviii.; App. B. 60, in clavi. (1875)
    • Samama cadamba (Roxb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 296 (1891)
  • Heterotypic
    • Anthocephalus morindifolius Korth., Obs. Naucl. Ind.: 20 (1839); Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot.: 154, t. 48 (1842); as Anthocephalus morindaefolius; not accepted by Ridsdale (1978: 334) [cited as Anthocephalus chinensis], Bosser (1985: 247) and Govaerts (1995, 2003) [cited as Neolamarckia cadamba]
    • Anthocephalus indicus var. mollis Koord. & Valeton, Bijdr. Boomsoort. Java 8 (Meded. Lands Plantentuin 59): 10 (1902)
      • Type: S.H. Koorders 6592 (syntype: BO, L [cf. L.2900517]), Koorders 6595 (syntype: not seen by Ridsdale 1978: 334), Koorders 6729 (syntype: not seen by Ridsdale 1978: 334) and S.H. Koorders 22699 (syntype: not seen by Ridsdale 1978: 334; cf. L {0912535, 0912566} [wood samples]).
      • Type locality: [INDONESIA.] Java:
    • Anthocephalus indicus var. macrophyllus Pierre ex Pit., Fl. Indo-Chine [P.H. Lecomte et al.] 3: 33 (1922); as 'macrophylla'
      • Type: Poilane s.n. (syntypus), Thorel s.n. (syntypus), Talmy s.n. (syntypus), Thorel s.n. (syntypus), Germain, F.J. Harmand s.n. (syntypus; cf. P00333169, under number '3160', collected in September 1876, determined as Neolamarckia (or Anthocephalus) cadamba by R.C. Bakhuizen van den Brink [in 1964], M. Bosser [in 1984] and Sylvain G. Razafimandimbison [in 200X]), Pierre s.n. (syntypus), Chevalier, Poilane s.n. (syntypus) et Chevalier s.n. (syntypus).
      • Type locality:
        • Poilane: [VIETNAM.] Annam: Dac-kiet, province de Thanh-hoa.
        • Thorel: Cambodge[CAMBODIA]. Compong-luong.
        • Talmy: Cambodge[CAMBODIA]. Pnom-Penh.
        • Thorel: Cochinchine.
        • Germain, Harmand: Cochinchine: Poulo-Condor.
        • Pierre: Cochinchine[VIETNAM]. Gia-lao-mé, province de Bienhoa.
        • Chevalier, Poilane: Cochinchine: Giaray.
        • Chevalier: Tay-ninh.
    • Nauclea megaphylla S.Moore, J. Bot. 62(Suppl.): 47 (1924)
    • Neonauclea megaphylla (S.Moore) S.Moore, J. Bot. 64(Suppl. 1): 146 (1926); not accepted by Ridsdale (1989: 256) [cited as Anthocephalus cadamba]
    • Anthocephalus indicus var. glabrescens H.L.Li, J. Arnold. Arbor. 25: 318 (1944); not accepted by Ridsdale (1978: 334) [cited as Anthocephalus chinensis], Chen & Taylor (2011) [cited as Neolamarckia cadamba]

Notes[edit]

To this species, names such as Anthocephalus indicus A.Rich., Mém. Fam. Rubiac.: 158 (1830) et Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 5: 237 (1834) or A. chinensis (Lam.) A.Rich. ex Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 491 (1843) had been applied historically, but Bosser (1985) considered these names belong to Breonia chinensis (Lam.) Capuron, a Madagascan species whose basionym is Cephalanthus chinensis Lam., Encycl. 1(2): 678 (1785).

Misapplied names[edit]

  • Cephalanthus orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 95 (1753), pro parte
    • Note: according to Rumphius (1743: 37), Trimen (1894: 292), Bakhuizen van den Brink (1970: 473) and Nicolson, Suresh & Manilal (1988: 338), the pre-Linnaean name 'Katou Tsjaca' mentioned by Rheede in Hortus Malabaricus 3: 29, t. 33 (1682) and cited by Linnaeus (1753) stands for this species and Bosser (1984) even treats t. 33 as type, but there still exist other candidates; see Ridsdale (1976: 184–185).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Yunnan), China Southeast (Guangdong, Guangxi)
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya (including Bhutan), India, Sri Lanka
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Is., Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Vietnam
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Sulawesi, Sumatera
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Guinea

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

বাংলা: কদম
English: Kadam
हिन्दी: कदंब
Bahasa Indonesia: Jabon
日本語: クビナガタマバナノキ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ថ្កូវ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕದಂಬ
മലയാളം: കടമ്പു
मराठी: कळंब
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မအူလက်တံရှည်
संस्कृतम्: कदम्ब
தமிழ்: கடம்பு
తెలుగు: కదంబము
ไทย: กระทุ่ม
中文: 团花
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