Milicia excelsa

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Milicia excelsa


Taxonavigation: Rosales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Moraceae
Tribus: Moreae
Genus: Milicia
Species: Milicia excelsa


Milicia excelsa (Welw.) C.C.Berg, Bull. Jard. Bot. Natl. Belg. 52: 227 (1982)


  • Basionym
  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Chlorophora tenuifolia Engl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 139 (1894); not accepted by Rendle (1916: 23) and Berg (1982, 1991) [cited as Milicia excelsa]
      • Typus: Quintas 154 (in flower, February 1888; holotypus: COI; isotypus: LISU).
      • Type locality: [São Tomé and Príncipe.] Insel. St. Thomé[São Tomé].
    • Milicia africa Sim, Forest Fl. Port. E. Afr.: 97 (1909); not accepted by Rendle (1916: 23) [cited as Chlorophora excelsa], Berg (1982) and Berg & Hijman (1989) [cited as Milicia excelsa]
      • Typus: Sim 5386 (not seen by Berg 1985 nor Berg & Hijman 1989: 6).
      • Type locality: Mozambique.
    • Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 209 (1912); not accepted by Rendle (1916: 23), Hutchinson, Dalziel & Keay (1954–1958) [cited as Chlorophora excelsa] and Berg (1982) [cited as Milicia excelsa]
      • Typus: A.J.B. Chevalier 24236 (25 June 1910; P-MNHN-P-P00376591; isotypus: K-K000243085).
      • Type locality: Haut-Dahomey[Benin]. Kouandé.


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Burkina (fide Hassler and POWO), The Gambia (fide POWO), Ghana, Guinea (fide Hassler and POWO), Guinea-Bissau (fide Hassler and POWO), Ivory Coast, Liberia (fide POWO), Nigeria, Sierra Leone (fide Hassler and IUCN), Togo
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi (fide IUCN and POWO), Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Is. (Bioko, São Tomé), Rwanda (fide IUCN), Zaïre
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia (fide Hassler), Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

ak: Odum
English: African Teak
suomi: Afrikaniroko, fustikki
日本語: イロコ
Kongo: Nkamba
Luganda: Muvule
Kiswahili: Mvule
Yorùbá: Ìrókò
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Milicia excelsa on Wikimedia Commons.