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Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Family: Linderniaceae
Genera: Artanema – Bampsia – Catimbaua – Chamaegigas – Craterostigma – Crepidorhopalon – Cubitanthus – Hartliella – Hemiarrhena – Isabelcristinia – Legazpia – Lindernia – Linderniella – Micranthemum – Picria – Pierranthus – Schizotorenia – Scolophyllum – Stemodiopsis – Torenia – Yamazakia


Linderniaceae Borsch, Kai Müll. & Eb.Fisch. in Pl. Biol. (Stuttgart) 7: 76. 28 (2005)

Note: There are differences in the circumscription of this family, Olmstead et al.(2016) and Tropicos (2014) compared to Fischer et al. (2013). This page largely follows Olmstead et al. (2016) in order to maintain consistency in the Lamiales, but has incorporated minor genera not covered in their analysis. However, this circumscription could change when further evidence is available. Cubitanthus is placed here following Perret et al. (2013), Olmsted (2015) & Stevens (2020), but this is uncertain.


  • Borsch, T., Müller, K. & Fischer, E. 2005. The Linderniaceae and Gratiolaceae are further lineages distinct from the Scrophulariaceae (Lamiales), Plant Biology (Stuttgart) 7(1): 1–12. Available on line [1]. Accessed 2014 June 7.
  • Almeida, E.M., Wanderley, A.M., Santos, A.D.S., De Melo, J.I.M., Souza, G., Batista, F.R.D.C., Christenhusz, M.J. & Felix, L.P. 2019. Two new genera and species of Linderniaceae (Lamiales) from inselbergs in northeastern Brazil: morphological and karyological evidence. Phytotaxa 400(4): 215-226. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.400.4.1 Paywall Reference page
  • Fischer, E., Schäferhoff, B, & Müller, K. 2013. The phylogeny of Linderniaceae – The new genus Linderniella, and new combinations within Bonnaya, Craterostigma, Lindernia, Micranthemum, Torenia and Vandellia, Willdenowia 43(2): 209–238. Available on line [2]. Accessed 2014 Sept. 27.
  • Olmstead, R.G. (ed.) 2016. A Synoptical Classification of the Lamiales. Version 2.6.2 (in prog.). 20 pp. (PDF) Reference page.  Accessed 14 Feb. 2014.
  • Perret, M., Chautems, A., De Araujo, A.O. & Salamin, N. 2013. Temporal and spatial origin of Gesneriaceae in the New World inferred from plastid DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 171(1): 61-79. DOI: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01303.x Open access Reference page
  • 2014. Linderniaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 Sept. 30.
  • Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page
  • Hassler, M. 2014. Linderniaceae. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2014. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2014 June 7. Reference page
  • Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Linderniaceae in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov. 28. Reference page

Vernacular names[edit]

català: Linderniàcies
čeština: Puštičkovité
فارسی: آناغالیسیان
suomi: Huuliokasvit
hrvatski: Ljuborovke
한국어: 외풀과
മലയാളം: ലിൻഡേണിയേസീ
polski: Linderniowate
Tiếng Việt: Họ Lữ đằng
中文: 母草科
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Linderniaceae on Wikimedia Commons.