Letharia

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Letharia
Species: L. arboricola – L. arenaria – L. californica – L. columbiana – L. divaricata – L. gracilis – L. illyrica – L. mesomorpha – L. pirionii – L. soleirolii – L. subdivaricata – L. thamnodes – L. vulpina – L. wandelensis

Name[edit]

Letharia (Th.Fr.) Zahlbr., Hedwigia 31(1–2): 36 (1892). [MycoBank #2814] (nom. cons.)

Basionym[edit]

  • Evernia subdiv. Letharia Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 1(1): 32 (1871). [MycoBank #700192]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Chlorea Nyl., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 170 (1855). [MycoBank #1006] (nom. rej.)
  • Rhytidocaulon Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Ser. 4, 11: 262 (1859). (nom. nud.)
  • Rhytidocaulon Nyl. ex Elenkin, Bull. Jard. Imp. Bot. Pierre le Grand 16(2): 263 (1916). [MycoBank #4742] (nom. rej.)
  • Nylanderaria Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 876 (1891). [MycoBank #3532] (nom. rej.)

References[edit]


  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Letharia (pp. 411-413) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22465 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (The Book)
  • Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 2 - Fruticose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 319 pp. (RLL List # 176 / Rec.# 6980 - Recent Literature on Lichens) Online Reference page. : Letharia (Th. Fr.) Zahlbr. (pp. 183-184)
  • Grube, M/ Kroken, S (2000) Molecular approaches and the concept of species and species complexes in lichenized fungi. - Mycological Research 104(11): 1284–1294.   (RLL List # 182 / Rec.# 21777 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Hale, M.E. and Cole, M. (1988) Letharia (Th. Fr.) Zahlbr. (pp. 155-156) In Lichens of California. University of California Press, 254 pages.   (RLL List # 138 / Rec.# 7360 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Hue (1899) Lichenes extra-europaei a pluribus collectoribus ad Museum Parisiensi missi. - Nouv. Archiv. du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris\Nouv. Arch. Mus. hist. nat. Paris 1: 27–220.   (Mattick Rec.# 27666 - Literature on Lichens)
  • Keissler, K. (1960) Usneaceae. In Rabenhorst's Kryptogamen-Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 9, 5 (4): 1–755. Leipzig: Geest & Portig.
  • Kroken, S. (1999) Cryptic Speciation and the Role of Sex in the Lichenized Fungus Letharia. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
  • Kroken, S. and Taylor, J.W. (2001) A gene genealogical approach to recognize phylogenetic species boundaries in the lichenized fungus Letharia. Mycologia 93: 38–53.   (RLL List # 182 / Rec.# 21807 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Web site)
  • Kroken, S. and Taylor, J.W. (2001) Outcrossing and recombination in the lichenized fungus Letharia. Fungal Genetics and Biology 34: 83–92.   (RLL List # 186 / Rec.# 22917 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • McCune, B. and Altermann, S. (2009) Letharia gracilis (Parmeliaceae), a new species from California and Oregon. The Bryologist 112(2): 375–378.   (RLL List # 215 / Rec.# 31231 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR)
  • McCune, B. and Geiser, L. (1997) Letharia (p. 147-148) Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, 386 pp.   (RLL List # 169 / Rec.# 12649 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Ryan, B.D. (2002) Letharia (pp. 267-270) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   (RLL List # 187 / Rec.# 23077 - Recent Literature on Lichens)

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Wolf lichens